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Intro to printmaking
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Intro to printmaking

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Transcript

  • 1. INTRO TO PRINTMAKING“Printmaking is about discovery, about experimentation; art itself is about discovery and experimentation.” - Brian Jones
  • 2. WHAT IS PRINTMAKING?A FORM OF ART THAT INVOLVES TRANSFERRINGINK TO PAPER.THE PROCESS IS CAPABLE OF MAKING MULTIPLECOPIES OF THE SAME ARTWORK. EACH INDIVIDUAL COPY IS CALLED A “PRINT” OR AN “IMPRESSION.” THE SET OF PRINTS IS CALLED “AN EDITION.” A SIGNED AND NUMBERED SET OF PRINTS IS CALLED “A LIMITED EDITION.”
  • 3. A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRINTMAKINGPRINTMAKINGORIGINATED IN CHINAAROUND 105 C.E.DURING THE GOTHIC ANDRENAISSANCE PERIODSOF ART, RELIEF PRINTINGBECAME VERY POPULAR INEUROPE.
  • 4. HOW ARE PRINTS MADE?PRINTS ARE MADEFROM A“MATRIX” (ALSO KNOWAS A “MAT”) WHICHCAN BE MADE FROMMANY DIFFERENTMATERIALS.PRINTS ARE MADE BYTRANSFERRING INKFROM THE MATRIX TOPAPER OR ANOTHERMATERIAL.
  • 5. TYPES OF PRINTMAKINGTHERE ARE 3 BASIC CATEGORIES OFPRINTMAKING: RELIEF - INK IS APPLIED TO THE SURFACE OF THE MATRIX. INTAGLIO - INK IS APPLIED BENEATH THE SURFACE OF THE MATRIX STENCIL - INK IS PRESSED THROUGH A PREPARED SCREEN.
  • 6. REGISTRATION WHEN YOU ARE MAKING A MULTI-STEP PRINT, IT IS IMPORTANT TOALIGN THE PAPER AND THE PRINTING ELEMENT THE SAME WAY EACH TIME. THIS PROCESS IS CALLED REGISTRATION.
  • 7. WHAT WE ARE DOINGWE WILL BE CREATINGPRINTS USINGLINOLEUM, WHICH ISCALLED A LINO CUT.THIS IS A FORM OFRELIEF PRINTING. (THINKOF WHAT YOU’RE DOINGAS CREATING A BIGSTAMP.)
  • 8. HISTORY OF THE LINO CUTTHIS TYPE OF PRINTMAKING BEGAN IN THE 1860’SWITH GERMAN EXPRESSIONISTS.FRANZ CIŽEK, AN AUSTRIAN ARTIST ANDTEACHER, RECOGNIZED ITS POTENTIAL FOR THEUSE OF TEACHING SCHOOLCHILDREN.THE FIRST MAJOR ARTIST TO CREATE LINO CUTSWAS ERICH HECKEL IN 1903.MATISSE AND PICASSO SPURRED THEPOPULARITY OF LINO CUTS IN THE 1940’S AND1950’S.
  • 9. MEDIUM OF THE OPPRESSEDBECAUSE OF THE RELATIVE INEXPENSE OFCREATING LINO CUTS, IT HAS OFTEN BEENUTILIZED IN POORER COUNTRIES. THIS HAS ALLOWED ARTISTS WHO LACKED ACCESS TO MORE EXPENSIVE PRINTING TOOLS A MEANS OF PRODUCING PRINTS. IN BRITAIN, CLAUDE FLIGHT (1881–1955) ADVOCATED THE USE OF THE LINO CUT AS A VIABLE MEANS OF EXPRESSION FOR THE LOWER CLASS.
  • 10. TOOLS FIRST YOU NEED A DESIGN! - SKETCH YOUR IDEA ONTO APIECE OF PAPER THE SAME SIZE AS YOUR LINOLEUM BLOCK.
  • 11. TOOLSTRACING AND CARBON PAPER TO TRANSFER A MIRROR IMAGE OF YOUR DESIGN TO THE BLOCK OF LINOLEUM.
  • 12. TOOLSA SHEET OF LINOLEUM - YOU WILL CARVE OUT YOUR DESIGN AND USE THIS TO PRINT YOUR ARTWORK.
  • 13. TOOLSINK - YOU WILL APPLY THIS TO THE SURFACE OF THE LINO CUT, AND THEN TRANSFER IT TO THE PAPER.
  • 14. TOOLSLINOCUTTING TOOLS AND BLADES - YOU WILL USE THESE TO CUT AWAY PARTS OF THE LINOLEUM.
  • 15. TOOLSA PIECE OF GLASS - YOU WILL USE THIS TO SPREAD THE INK PRIOR TO PUTTING IT ON THE LINO CUT.
  • 16. TOOLSBRAYER- ROLLS INK ONTO THE SURFACE OF THE MATRIX.
  • 17. TOOLS PRINTING PRESS - APPLIES PRESSURE TO THELINOLEUM, PRESSING THE IMAGE ONTO THE PAPER.
  • 18. STEPS1. CREATE A DESIGN.2. TRANSFER THE MIRROR IMAGE OF THE DESIGN TO THE LINO BLOCK.  TYPICALLY THIS IS DONE USING TRACING PAPER AND CARBON PAPER.3. DARKEN THE LINES ON THE LINO BLOCK WITH A SHARPIE.4. CARVE THE DESIGN ON THE LINO BLOCK.  THE UNCARVED AREAS OF THE BLOCK ARE THE PARTS THAT GET PRINTED.  5. THE LINO BLOCK IS INKED WITH A BRAYER.6. THE IMAGE IS PRINTED ONTO PAPER EITHER MANUALLY OR WITH A PRINTING PRESS.
  • 19. PRINTING WITH MULTIPLE COLORSONCE THE FIRST PRINT IS FINISHED, CLEAN AND DRY THELINO BLOCK.WHATEVER AREA OF THE DESIGN YOU WANT TO REMAINTHE FIRST COLOR MUST BE CARVED FROM THE LINO BLOCK.APPLY THE NEXT COLOR TO THE BLOCK AND TRANSFER ITTO THE PRINT.REPEAT THIS PROCESS UNTIL LL THE COLORS HAVE BEENAPPLIED. IT IS IMPORTANT TO MOVE FROM THE LIGHTEST VALUE TO THE DARKEST VALUE WHEN PRINTING MULTIPLE COLORS.
  • 20. PORTRAIT DE JEUNE FILLE,D’APRÈS CRANACH LE JEUNE. II (1958) PICASSO
  • 21. STILL LIFE WITH GLASS UNDER THE LAMP (1962) PABLO PICASSO
  • 22. MALCOLM X SPEAKS FOR US(1969) ELIZABETH CATLETT