Matthew Schwartz 2010 What is Form?Form is a 3-dimensional area (shape) with clear boundaries.
Types of FormGeometric/Rectilinear - Organic/Curvilinear -consists of “named” often irregular in outline,shapes (circle, square, etc.) and asymmetrical. CUBI VI (1963) David Smith Forest Pod, Serena Kovalosky
SculptureSculpture is three-dimensionalartwork created by shaping orcombining hard materials—typicallystone such as marble—or metal,glass, or woodSofter ("plastic") materials can alsobe used, such as clay, textiles,plastics, polymers and softer
Sculpting TechniquesAdditive - adding Subtractive/Reductivematerial to create a - removing material toﬁnished work. create a ﬁnished work.
Concave vs. ConvexConvex - curving outor bulging outwardConcave - curvingin, or hollowedinward
ReliefRelief sculpturesinvolve cutting awaythe background of ahard surface, such asstone or wood, leavingthe sculpture raised. Gates of Paradise, Lorenzo Ghiberti
High Relief More than 50% of thedepth of the sculpture is shown. High relief metope from the Classical Greek Elgin Marbles.
Low ReliefThe surface of the plane is barely scratched. Low-relief on Sestertius of Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus, 238 AD
KineticKinetic sculpturesfeature moving partsthat are integral tothe artwork. Rouge Triomphant (1963) Alexander Calder
AssemblageAssemblage is anartistic process.In the visual arts, itconsists of makingthree-dimensional ortwo-dimensionalartistic compositionsby putting togetherfound objects. GreedEater (2010) Jud Turner
Installation3-Dimensional worksdesigned totransform theperception of a space.Can be temporary orpermanent.Meant to engage thesensory experience. Embankment (2005) Rachel Whiteread. Turbine Hall, The Tate Modern
Christo & Jeanne-ClaudeHusband & wifeenvironmental andinstallation sculptorsChristo: born 1935 inBulgariaJeanne-Claude: born1935 in Morocco, died2009 in New York.
Purpose of their WorkThe purpose of their workwas to create new ways ofseeing familiar places andto elicit feelings of joysand beauty. The Gates, Central Park, New York City (1979-2005) Christo and Jeanne-Claude
Why did they wrap objects with fabric?By wrapping objects, theyreveal some of the mostbasic features andproportions of the objectby concealing the actualitem.The use of real fabric alsogives the work a fragile,sensual and temporarycharacterThe work is more aboutaltering the environmentthat wrapping.