The Italian Early                    A Time of Rebirth.  Renaissance
Historical andCultural Context• Occurred in Florence, Italy from  1400-1479.• A return to learning based on  Classical (An...
Humanism• Humanists studied ancient  Greek and Roman (Classical)  texts.• Focused on five humanities:  poetry, grammar, his...
The Medici family, wealthy bankers in Florence, helped to fund the artists of the Renaissance.
Linear Perspective• Developed during the Early  Renaissance.• A method for representing  objects in depth on a flat  surfac...
Masters of the EarlyRenaissance• Lorenzo Ghiberti• Filippo Brunelleschi• Masaccio• Donatello
Lorenzo Ghiberti• 1378-1455• Won a competition to create  the doors to the baptistry of the  Florence Cathedral (The  Duom...
Filippo Brunelleschi• 1377-1446• Architect - created the dome of  the Florence Cathedral (The  Duomo).• Created the Renais...
Brunelleschi’sThe Duomo (1420-1436)
Linear Perspective Demonstration The first Baptistery panel was constructed with a hole drilled through the vanishing point...
Masaccio• 1401-1428• The best painter of his  generation because of his skill  at recreating lifelike figures and  movement...
Masaccio’sHoly Trinity (1427)• Earliest surviving painting to  use systematic linear  perspective.• In Santa Maria Novella...
Donatello• 1386-1466• Assisted Lorenzo Ghiberti with  the statues of prophets for the  north door of the Florence  Baptist...
Donatello’sThe David (1430)• Commissioned by Cosimo de  Medici.• The first major work of  Renaissance sculpture.• Marked a ...
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Early Italian Renaissance

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  • Transcript of "Early Italian Renaissance"

    1. 1. The Italian Early A Time of Rebirth. Renaissance
    2. 2. Historical andCultural Context• Occurred in Florence, Italy from 1400-1479.• A return to learning based on Classical (Ancient Greek and Roman) texts.• Fueled by the ideas of Humanism.• Most works of art were generally commissioned and paid for by private buyers.
    3. 3. Humanism• Humanists studied ancient Greek and Roman (Classical) texts.• Focused on five humanities: poetry, grammar, history, moral philosophy and rhetoric.• Emphasized the importance of human values instead of religious beliefs.• Focused on using reason and logic to understand people and nature.
    4. 4. The Medici family, wealthy bankers in Florence, helped to fund the artists of the Renaissance.
    5. 5. Linear Perspective• Developed during the Early Renaissance.• A method for representing objects in depth on a flat surface by means of using a single vanishing point.
    6. 6. Masters of the EarlyRenaissance• Lorenzo Ghiberti• Filippo Brunelleschi• Masaccio• Donatello
    7. 7. Lorenzo Ghiberti• 1378-1455• Won a competition to create the doors to the baptistry of the Florence Cathedral (The Duomo).• His work earned him a second commission, to create another set of doors, which were a tribute to Humanism. Michelangelo called them “The Gates of Paradise.”
    8. 8. Filippo Brunelleschi• 1377-1446• Architect - created the dome of the Florence Cathedral (The Duomo).• Created the Renaissance style which copied and improved on classical forms.• Father of linear perspective.
    9. 9. Brunelleschi’sThe Duomo (1420-1436)
    10. 10. Linear Perspective Demonstration The first Baptistery panel was constructed with a hole drilled through the vanishing point. Brunelleschi intended that it be observed by the viewer holding the unpainted back of the picture against his/her eye with one hand, and a mirror in the other hand facing and reflecting the painted side.
    11. 11. Masaccio• 1401-1428• The best painter of his generation because of his skill at recreating lifelike figures and movements as well as a convincing sense of three- dimensionality• One of the first to use linear perspective in his painting, employing techniques such as vanishing point in art for the first time The Distribution of Alms and Death of Ananias.
    12. 12. Masaccio’sHoly Trinity (1427)• Earliest surviving painting to use systematic linear perspective.• In Santa Maria Novella, Florence.
    13. 13. Donatello• 1386-1466• Assisted Lorenzo Ghiberti with the statues of prophets for the north door of the Florence Baptistery.• Traveled to Rome with Brunelleschi to study the ancient ruins.
    14. 14. Donatello’sThe David (1430)• Commissioned by Cosimo de Medici.• The first major work of Renaissance sculpture.• Marked a move toward naturalism and the rendering of human feelings in the human figure.

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