Depicting Time With Photography“Photography takes an instant out oftime, altering life by holding it still.” - Dorothea Lange
Pioneers of Capturing Motion Eadweard Muybridge Harold EdgertonApril 9, 1830 – May 8, 1904 April 6, 1903 – January 4, 1990
EadweardMuybridgeexperimented withphotography andtime, producingfamous studies ofhuman and animalmotion.His workconclusivelyproved that whenhorses gallop, all Early experiments withfour hooves leavethe ground. photography, time, and motion
How did he do it?Originally, Muybridge lined up a seriesof cameras next toeach other. As thehorse gallopedpast, it wouldtrigger stringsstretched across thetrack and connectedto each individualcamera. Early experiments with photography, time, and motion
Eventually he perfectedthis process and createda camera with multiplelenses and plates. Hewould use several ofthese cameras, allcontrolled by a singlemechanism. Early experiments with photography, time, and motion
Muybridge theninvented a machine,the Zoopraxiscope,that allowed him toplay his images insuccession in arudimentary form ofanimation. The Zoopraxiscope
The images werepainted on glassdisks, which werethen spun andprojected.This early work inphotography and thecapturing of motionled to other forms ofrudimentaryanimation. The Zoopraxiscope
John Barnes Linnettpatented a new form ofmoving pictures in1868, which consistedof a series of drawingsin a book that appearedto move when thepages were quicklyflipped.He called his inventionthe Kineograph, morecommonly known asflip books.These inventions all led Flip Booksto the development ofmotion pictures.
Harold Edgerton wantedto push Muybridge’swork to a newlevel, trying to capturemotion at an even fasterrate.Many of HaroldEdgertons photographsshow a split second notviewable by the nakedeye. Capturing What the Eye Cannot See
Photography has thecapability of capturinga small fraction oftime, but it also has theability to show thepassage of time in onephotograph. Take alook at Edgerton’sphotograph of thegolfer in motion.Unlike Muybridgeswork, this photographshows motion in oneframe, rather thanthrough a series of Edgerton and Strobe Photographyphotographs.
Muybridge and Edgertonare still influencingphotography today!Much like Muybridge’soriginal setup usingmultiple cameras, themaker’s of The Matrixset up hundreds of stillcameras around theactors and pieced themtogether to make amoving image. However,unlike Muybridge’scameras, these cameraswere activatedelectronically by “Bullet Time”computer, rather than by Photography and Motion Picturesa series of strings.