Parliament

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Parliament

  1. 1. Parliament Lesson 1 01/11/10
  2. 2. Definition • Parliament has many functions, but is mostly known for its legal function as the LEGISLATURE • This does not mean that Parliament makes law but that it LEGITIMISES it • Over the next term we will look at the functions of Parliament
  3. 3. Historical Context • From the middle ages onwards, English monarchs called together representatives from the aristocracy (later to become the House of Lords), the boroughs (towns) and the counties (later to become the House of Commons) to ADVISE him • This is key as early Parliaments were called by the monarch rather than the people, thus they were NOT an expression of DEMOCRACY
  4. 4. Functions of Parliament up to the latter part of the 17th Century • To give legitimacy to laws the monarch wished to see enacted • To give consent to taxation • Notable exception to this were during the reign of Charles 1 who attempted to govern without Parliament and was executed by Parliament in 1649
  5. 5. Early role of Parliament • To support the Monarch rather than to control his/her power
  6. 6. Early role of Parliament • To support the Monarch rather than to control his/her power

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