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Government and politics constitution 1

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    Government and politics constitution 1 Government and politics constitution 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Government and Politics Lesson 1: Constitution
    • Homework tasks: Weeks 2 and 3
      • Set up blog
      • Read at least two broadsheet newspapers per week. Keep cuttings relevant to course in file.
      • Listen to radio 4
      • Watch Newsnight
      • Research media platforms. How is the political sphere presented across a variety of media platforms?
      • Read the textbook when set specific pages
    • Classwork term 1
      • Group presentations
      • Seminars
      • Campaigns
      • Comparative studies: USA and Europe
      • Exam techniques
    • Unit 2:1 The UK Constitution
      • Main features:
        • The constitution is a SET OF PRINCIPLES. In the UK it is unwritten
      • Function of the Constitution:
        • Determines HOW political power is distributed
        • Can be either FEDERAL as in the USA ie shared between the centre and the regions
        • Can be UNITARY as in the UK when all the real power is with central government
        • Also determines the balance of power between the PM / President, Government and Parliament and the bicameral chambers
    • Other Functions Of The Constitution
      • Determines the work of other institutions
      • Determines the limits of Govt power (in the UK govt power= total, in the USA govt power= limited)
      • Assesses the rights of the citizen against the state
      • Establishes rules of nationality (citizenship)
      • Amendments: formal (USA) evolved (UK)
    • Codification
      • Codification (or the formalising of a constitution/ amendment of it) often occurs at a critical time in a country’s history.
      • UK: two tier legal system; higher laws and ordinary laws
    • Un Codified Constitutions
      • Entrenchment: protects the constitution from long and short-term amendment
        • eg human rights (most recently an issue since became a part of EU law)
        • When a new amendment is required to an un codified constitution, special arrangements are established
        • A referendum( putting the issue to the vote of the general public) or
        • Special parliamentary procedures
    • Question:
      • To what extent do you agree that the current system of government in the UK undermines the constitution
              • Or
      • Compare the constitutions of the UK and one other country from the table on p153. In what ways does codification affect the autonomy of the government and parliament?
    • Case study
      • Compare the functions of the US Supreme Court with the UK House of Lords
    • Homework: For 16/9/10
      • Read Evaluating Codification (p155)
      • Extension:
      • Student activity (p159) case study
    • Glossary terms from this lesson
      • Constitution= set of principles by which a country is governed
      • Bicameral= two chambers (in UK House of Commons and House of Lords)
      • Sovereignty= ultimate political power
      • Evolved amendments= changes to the constitution that occur over time
      • Codification= the formal recording of the constitution of a country
      • Entrenchment= the adherence of a country to aspects of the constitution over time
    • Some key points about the UK constitution
      • UK- Parliament is SOVEREIGN
      • Constitution is UNWRITTEN