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Period 2 - Sandra Nguyen - Phobia

Period 2 - Sandra Nguyen - Phobia






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    Period 2 - Sandra Nguyen - Phobia Period 2 - Sandra Nguyen - Phobia Presentation Transcript

    • Phobia A Presentation by Sandra Nguyen SLC: Arts and Education
    • Introduction
      • Phobias are intense but irrational fears of certain objects, places, situations, or activities that are usually harmless
    • Types
      • There are 3 types of phobias
        • Social Phobia
          • Fear of social situations (ex: public speaking)
        • Specific Phobia
          • Fear of particular things/situations (ex: animals, the dark, blood, etc)
        • Agoraphobia
          • Fear of being outside
    • How it affects people
      • If not treated phobia can worsen and severely affect and restrict one’s life:
        • This is not only caused by the phobia itself but also the actions taken to avoid whatever triggers it
      • People who have phobia may struggle with school jobs and have problems with family and friends
    • Thesis
      • The theory that people develop phobia through learning
        • Conditioning
        • Traumatic experience and observations
        • Treatment
    • Conditioning
      • Conditioning shows that people learn through association
      • Little Albert Case
        • Little Albert associates furry white mice with a frightening noise
          • Little Albert’s fear eventually generalizes to other things that are similar
    • Traumatic Experience and Observations
      • Traumatic experiences and observations can become ‘lessons’ where we learn to fear and avoid something
      • 9/11
        • Survey shows that after the event of 9/11, many children became afraid of going outside and people became afraid of flying
    • Treatments
      • Treatment shows how people can ‘unlearn’ their irrational fear, which suggests that people learned that fear in the first place
      • Counter Conditioning or Cognitive Therapy
    • Conclusion
      • Phobia is the irrational fear of certain things
      • Conditioning, traumatic experience and observation, and treatment are examples that shows we are able to learn to irrationally fear something
      • Also shows that people can learn to stop fearing these things
    • Works Cited
      • www.Helpguide.org/mental/phobia_symptoms_types_treatments.htm
      • www.medicinenet.com/phobias/article.htm
      • Psychology Textbook: Seventh Edition
      • www.suite101.com/content/the-causes-cures-of-phobias-a33665
      • www.mind.org.uk/help/diagnoses_and_conditions/phobias