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Period 6-Nick Bromley-Athletes and Drugs
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Period 6-Nick Bromley-Athletes and Drugs

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Transcript

  • 1. Athletes and Drugs Nick Bromley English 4 Magnet
  • 2. Brief Introduction
    • Major issues in sports today
    • - Unfair Advantages that are gained
    • - Serious health issues to elite athletes
    • - Media Attention/Role Model Image
    • Goes against the ethical principles of sporting competition
    • Highly spread among athletes
  • 3. My Stance on the Issue
    • I am completely against the use of drugs by athletes in any sport whether an American Sport or International Sport such as the Olympic Events.
    • Thesis: Drug use is a major issue in sports and needs to be cracked down upon because they are giving players unfair advantages, hurting the athletes’ own health, and are damaging the image of role models and their sport itself.
  • 4. Drugs Commonly Used
    • Therapeutic Drugs
    • - Over-the-Counter, diuretics, beta-blockers, etc.
    • Performance-Enhancing Drugs
    • - Amphetamines, ephedrine, caffeine, anabolic steroids, growth hormones, etc.
    • Typical Drugs
    • - Alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, cocaine, etc.
  • 5. Brief History
    • Ancient Civilizations
    • - Mushrooms, herbs, liquor
    • 19 th Century
    • - Alcohol, caffeine, nitroglycerine, opium, strychnine, trimethyl
    • World War II
    • - Amphetamines, testosterone
  • 6. Athletes’ Influence
    • The belief that their fellow competitors take them
    • Determination to Win
    • Pressure from coaches and peers
    • Community attitudes and expectations
    • Financial Rewards
    • Media Influence
    • Belief of enhanced performance
  • 7. Therapeutic Drug Effects
    • Sports used in: Boxing, Wrestling, Judo, Shooters, Ski Jumpers, Archery
    • Rapid Weight Loss
    • Dehydration
    • Hypotension
    • Muscle cramps
    • Electrolyte Imbalance
    • Negative effect on endurance
    • Overall Negative Impact on Performance
  • 8. Performance-Enhancing Drug Effects Sports used in: Baseball, football, track and field, sprinting, weight lifting, hockey
    • Unfair Effects
    • -delay fatigue
    • -increase alertness
    • -enhance speed
    • -power
    • -endurance
    • -concentration
    • -increase in muscle mass
    • -decrease in fat mass
    • Health Effects
    • -vomiting
    • -abdominal pain
    • -cardiac damage
    • -acne
    • -infertility
    • -heart attacks
    • -high blood pressure
    • -cancer
    • -tendon rupture
    • -baldness
    • -delayed growth
    • -enlargement of heart
  • 9. Typical Drugs of Misuse
    • Alcohol
    • -Most common
    • -Negative impact on reaction time, hand-eye coordination, balance, strength. Excessive heat production and dehydration.
    • Cocaine
    • -Minimal effect on performance
    • -Increases alertness
    • -Increase risk of injury
  • 10. Typical Drug Misuse (cont.)
    • Marijuana
    • -Most frequent illegal drug used in the U.S.
    • -Initial use starts in high school
    • -Male athletes have higher occurrence of this drug than non-athletic peers (opposite for females)
    • Nicotine
    • -Majority use in the form of smokeless tobacco
    • -Greater amount of male athletes use this over females
    • -52% of baseball players and 26% of varsity football players use smokeless tobacco in a California Survey taken in the early 1990’s
  • 11. Prevention
    • Drug Testing
    • -Common in amateur and professional sports
    • -65% of college athletes agree to testing
    • -37% agreed that positive test results should result in disqualification of their sport
    • -67% of college athletes believe that drug testing decreases drug use
  • 12. Drug Programs
    • Administered by leagues and associations (NBA, NFL,NCAA, NHL, MLB, etc.)
    • Keys to successful drug programs:
    • -exclusion of all involved participants
    • -reliable and sensitive testing program
    • -consistent discipline
    • -evaluation of effectiveness
    • -confidentiality
    • -early prevention
  • 13. Some Obstacles
    • Most drugs are not prescribed
    • Athletes see easy success
    • Easy access to drugs
    • Doctors not monitoring side effects
  • 14. Summary
    • Athletes and drug use dates back to ancient times
    • Several factors as to why athletes use drugs
    • Types of drugs used range from performance-enhancing, therapeutic, and typical
    • Programs are in place to help prevent drug use in sports
  • 15.