Period 3 - Ailyn Gonzalez - Phobias

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Period 3 - Ailyn Gonzalez - Phobias

  1. 1. How Do Phobias Affect Everyday Life?<br />A presentation by:<br />Ailyn Gonzalez<br />Northeast High School<br />Magnet Program<br />
  2. 2. Importance of Topic<br />I became interested in the topic after I developed a phobia of being in a car.<br />It is important to me because I was curious as to how I developed this phobia.<br />I hope to learn how phobias develop and what happens in severe cases.<br />
  3. 3. The focus of my paper was intended to investigate the following:<br />What a phobia is<br />What happens in severe cases of a phobia<br />How these phobias affect a person’s everyday life and everyday activities<br />How phobias are treated<br />
  4. 4. What is a phobia?<br />A phobia is a strong but irrational fear of something (Korgeski 4).<br />There are many reasons as to why a person may develop a phobia.<br />Having a phobia makes it hard for someone to perform daily activities.<br />Some people’s phobias become so extreme that the person starts to develop other disorders.<br />
  5. 5. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)<br />Obsessive-compulsive disorder is defined as unwelcome thoughts and/or irresistible urges to perform certain acts or rituals (Issues & Controversies 2010).<br />OCD is made up of obsessions and compulsions.<br />Those who have Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder are not “crazy”<br />
  6. 6. How OCD Affects Everyday Life<br />The severity of OCD varies.<br />Many adults with OCD experience social isolation and marital problems.<br />Nearly all people with this disorder are depressed.<br />Persons with OCD are “the world’s greatest actors and actresses” (Sebastian 46).<br />
  7. 7. Panic Disorder<br />A panic is defined as an episode of intense fear (Rachman 1).<br />The fear is generally accompanied by unpleasant bodily sensations, difficulty in reasoning, and a feeling of imminent catastrophe (Rachman 1).<br />Some panics are expected, while others are anticipated.<br />
  8. 8. How Panics Affect Everyday Life<br />Episodes may occur as often as daily or several times per week.<br />Most episodes of panic are distressing.<br />A person’s personal life, marriage, employment and travel will all be affected.<br />
  9. 9. Treatments<br />The most effective treatments for OCD and panic disorder are medications and behavior therapy.<br />Medications help reduce depression in patients with OCD and reduces anxiety in those with panic disorder.<br />Behavior therapy slowly exposes the patient to their fear in attempt to eliminate their fear.<br />
  10. 10. Conclusion<br />Those who suffer from phobias have to overcome many obstacles.<br />People will be plagued by their fears everyday of their lives.<br />However, people with phobias are victims; they should not be viewed as mentally insane.<br />
  11. 11. Works Cited<br />“Anxiety and Panic Disorders Health Center: Phobias-Topic-Overview.” WebMD, 2010. Web 15 Nov 2010. <http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/tc/phobias-topic-overview>.<br />Korgeski, Gregory. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Phobias. New York, NY: Penguin Group, 2009. Print.<br />“Mental Disorders Defined (sidebar).” Issues and Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues and Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 4 Feb. 2000. Web. 19 Dec. 2010. <http://www.2facts.com/article/ib500210>.<br />Rachman, Stanley, and Padmal De Silvia. Panic Disorder 2nd ed. Great Britain: Oxford Universtity Press, 2004. Print.<br />Rapoport, Judith. The Boy Who Couldn’t Stop Washing: The Experience and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. New York, NY: E.P. Dutton, 1989. Print.<br />Sebastian, Richard. Compulsive Behavior. Philadelphia, PA. Chelsea House Publishers, 1993. Print.<br />

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