THE RAMAYANA CHAPTERS 1,2 AND 3
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>King Dasa-ratha rules Ayodhya </li></ul><ul><li>His city is the ideal city, but Dasa-ratha has no son to...
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Meanwhile, the gods complain to Brahma because of Ravana, the king of the Rakshasas. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Brahma says this is true, but Ravana was too proud to ask for protection from humans or animals. </li></...
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha’s four sons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rama first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bharata second </li>...
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha’s sons grow and are known for their virtue and courage. </li></ul><ul><li>At age 16, Rama and...
CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Sita, who will be married to whoever can string the bow of Shiva which was given to Janaka’s ancestors. ...
CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha decides to give his throne to Rama, because he is the eldest and dearest to the king and the ...
CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>The nursemaid convinces Bharata’s mother that Bharata should be made king and that Rama should be exiled...
CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>Because of his oath Dasa-ratha cannot deny Bharata’s mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita and Lakshmana ask to...
CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Bharata is angry when he hears of the treachery of his mother, refuses the throne, and goes to ask Rama ...
CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita live at peace as wanderers. </li></ul><ul><li>They encounter a wise man who gi...
CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Ravana’s sister spies Rama and falls in love with him. </li></ul><ul><li>She  speaks to him and attempts...
CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Rama sees his error; Lakshmana cuts off her ears and nose; she flees. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourteen rakshas...
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Ramayana (123)

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Ramayana (123)

  1. 1. THE RAMAYANA CHAPTERS 1,2 AND 3
  2. 2. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>King Dasa-ratha rules Ayodhya </li></ul><ul><li>His city is the ideal city, but Dasa-ratha has no son to succeed him. </li></ul><ul><li>Dasa-ratha has the priests sacrifice a horse. </li></ul><ul><li>His wise men prophesy that Dasa-ratha will become the father of four sons by his three wives because of the sacrifice. </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Meanwhile, the gods complain to Brahma because of Ravana, the king of the Rakshasas. </li></ul><ul><li>The rakshasas are shape-shifting demons </li></ul><ul><li>The gods cannot harm Ravana because Ravana had asked Brahma for immunity from the gods. </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Brahma says this is true, but Ravana was too proud to ask for protection from humans or animals. </li></ul><ul><li>The gods ask Vishnu to become incarnated as the four sons of Dasa-ratha so that he may destroy Ravana one day. </li></ul><ul><li>Vishnu agrees, and his wife Lakshmi agrees to go to earth as his mortal wife. </li></ul>
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha’s four sons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rama first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bharata second </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lakshmana and Satrughna last </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The gods create a band of monkeys to help Vishnu destroy Ravana and the rakshasas. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha’s sons grow and are known for their virtue and courage. </li></ul><ul><li>At age 16, Rama and Lakshmana are enlisted to fight Ravana and the rakshasas. </li></ul><ul><li>After the fighting, Rama and Laksmana go to a sacrifice held by King Janaka, father of... </li></ul>
  7. 7. CHAPTER 1 <ul><li>Sita, who will be married to whoever can string the bow of Shiva which was given to Janaka’s ancestors. </li></ul><ul><li>Many have failed, but Rama agrees to string the bow. </li></ul><ul><li>He does so with ease and breaks it because of the strength of his pull. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama and Sita are married. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama’s brothers marry Sita’s sister and others from her kingdom. </li></ul>
  8. 8. CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>Dasa-ratha decides to give his throne to Rama, because he is the eldest and dearest to the king and the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Dasa-ratha makes plans with his wise men and announces his intentions to his people. </li></ul><ul><li>The night before Rama’s installation, a nursemaid speaks to Bharata’s mother. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>The nursemaid convinces Bharata’s mother that Bharata should be made king and that Rama should be exiled for Bharata’s protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata’s mother goes into mourning; Dasa-ratha gives his sacred oath to give B’s mother anything that will make her happy. </li></ul><ul><li>As reward for saving Dasa-ratha’s life years ago, she requests that Bharata must become king and Rama must be banished for fourteen years. </li></ul>
  10. 10. CHAPTER 2 <ul><li>Because of his oath Dasa-ratha cannot deny Bharata’s mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Sita and Lakshmana ask to accompany Rama into exile. </li></ul><ul><li>Five days after Rama leaves, Dasa-ratha dies of grief. </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata, who has been living with his grandfather for the past year, is called for to become king. </li></ul>
  11. 11. CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Bharata is angry when he hears of the treachery of his mother, refuses the throne, and goes to ask Rama to return. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama will not return, despite news of their father’s death, because he cannot disobey the command of their father the king. </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata returns to Ayodhya with Rama’s golden sandals which he places on the throne. Bharata will live as a hermit like Rama, only in the palace. </li></ul>
  12. 12. CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita live at peace as wanderers. </li></ul><ul><li>They encounter a wise man who gives Rama Vishnu’s bow, Brahma’s shining arrow, Indra’s quiver full of arrows, and a sword with a gold hilt. </li></ul><ul><li>They live in the forest for ten years, when... </li></ul>
  13. 13. CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Ravana’s sister spies Rama and falls in love with him. </li></ul><ul><li>She speaks to him and attempts to sway him because of her power and connection to Ravana. </li></ul><ul><li>Rama refuses her, but also teases her; Lakshmana too. </li></ul><ul><li>Ravana’s sister becomes angry and attacks Sita. </li></ul>
  14. 14. CHAPTER 3 <ul><li>Rama sees his error; Lakshmana cuts off her ears and nose; she flees. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourteen rakshasas attack; Rama kills them. 14,000 rakshasas attack; Rama kills them single-handedly. </li></ul><ul><li>Indra, king of the gods, pours down flowers from heaven. </li></ul>
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