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Period5group2

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  • 1. Sacred Texts of India Group #2, Pd. 5 Mike G. Jimmy B. Heather P. Katarina M. Brittany H. http://www.wayfaring.info/wp- content/uploads/2007/04/800px- neasden_temple_- _shree_swaminarayan_hindu_mandir_- _power_plant.jpg
  • 2. The Vedas • Most sacred of all literature. • Revealed to humans directly by gods. • Preserved orally for centuries and written down 500 years ago. • Explain the meaning of rituals, how to perform them, and praise the gods. • Sanskrit for “wisdom”.
  • 3. The Upanishads • Serves as commentaries on or for philosophical extensions of the hymns. • Sanskrit for “sit at the feet of”. • Name given to more than 100 texts that make up the last part of the Vedas. • Seen as records of conversations and discussions about most basic questions of existence.
  • 4. Mahabharata • One of two great epics in Indian literature. • Epic focuses on dharma (duties and obligations), karma (actions effect next life), and reincarnation (rebirth after death). http://www.indolink.com/Kidz/Stories/ Mbharat1a.gif
  • 5. Bhagavad Gita • Sanskrit meaning, “the song of the Lord”. • Poem that makes up a small part of Mahabharata. • Author of Bhagavad Gita is unknown. • Contains eighteen chapters. • Contains conversations between warrior, Arjuna and Krishna (God).
  • 6. Panchatantra • Collection of oral traditions that have been written down. • Most famous of the two epics. • Appeared in 200 versions and in many different languages. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Se WLrZ7Znk