Period3group2

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Period3group2

  1. 1. Sacred Texts of India Group 2 Melissa C. Mark G. Mary D. Katie M. Period 3
  2. 2. • There are four Vedas: • the Rig Veda • Sama Veda • Yajur Veda • Atharva Veda. • The Vedas are the chief texts of Hinduism. They also had a huge influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda is the oldest of the four Vedas and was composed about 1500 B.C. • The Vedas contain incantations, hymns, and rituals from ancient India. Besides their spiritual value, they also give a unique view of everyday life in India four thousand years ago. The Vedas are the most ancient widespread texts in an Indo-European language.
  3. 3. • The Upanishads are a continuation of the Vedic philosophy, and were written between 800 and 400 B.C. • The term Upanishad means quot;those who sit nearquot; and implies listening closely to the secret doctrines of a spiritual teacher. • They elaborate on how the soul called Atman can be united with the ultimate truth Brahman through contemplation and mediation as well as karma Which is the cumulative effects of a persons’ actions. http://marauder.millersville.edu/~mosher/images/samples/ misc5_cover.jpg
  4. 4. The Mahabharata • One of the two great Sanskrit epics in India. • One of the largest poems ever written • Millions regard this poem as a source of religious, philosophical, and practical wisdom • It describes the events that took place in ancient bhaarata around 5000 BCE • Consists of 18 parvas or chapters • Explains the relationship of the individual to society and the world http://www.hindunet.org/mahabharata/ http://images.exoticindiaart.com/batik/ganesha_scripting_the_m ahabharata_bb74.jpg
  5. 5. Bhagavad-Gita • The Bhagavad-Gita is believed to be one of the most popular and sacred Hinduism scripture. • It is a 700 verse scripture that is within the Mahabharata • It is thought to be a direct message of Vishnu, that was said during the battle of Kurukshetra. • It shows how to conduct your daily life with god at the center with philosophies and Wisdom. http://www.hinduwebsite.com/gitaindex.asp
  6. 6. Panchatantra • consists of 5 books of animal fables and magic tales • 87 stories in all • Compiled between third and fifth centuries AD • self-proclaimed purpose: to educate sons of royalty • one of India's most influential contributions to world literature • rumored origin of Panchatantra: king had 3 dull sons without wisdom. He wanted them to do well in the world so he hired a Brahmin called Vishnu Sharma. Vishnu then created the Panchatantra to pass on wisdom. • includes five strategies that help human beings succeed in life – Quarrel among friends – Gaining friends – Of crows and owls – Loss of gains – Imprudence • http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/panchatantra.html • http://panchatantra.org/ • http://www.bharatadesam.com/literature/panchatantra_stories/tales_of_panchatantra.php http://bitsnbytesoflife.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/panchatantra_idi807.jpg

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