Monomyth

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Monomyth

  1. 1. CAMPBELL’S CATEGORIES OF THE HERO’S JOURNEY THE MONOMYTH
  2. 2. 1. Call to Adventure <ul><li>Hero is drawn into a relationship with forces that are not rightly understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Hero has underestimated the power of destiny. </li></ul><ul><li>dark forest, great tree, babbling spring=examples </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2. Refusal of the Call <ul><li>If the hero refuses the quest he will become a victim and will need to be saved. </li></ul><ul><li>The refusal is the refusal of the hero to give up his own interests. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3. Supernatural Aid <ul><li>Against the ills of the journey, the protective figure promises peace. </li></ul><ul><li>fairy godmother, Hermes and Thoth=examples. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4. Crossing the First Threshold <ul><li>The hero enters a zone of magnified power. Beyond the darkness is unknown and danger. </li></ul><ul><li>desert, jungle, deep sea and alien land=examples </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus & The Sirens=literary example </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5. Belly of the Whale <ul><li>This part of the journey is considered a sphere of rebirth as the hero is swallowed into the worldwide womb or unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>It may appear that the hero has died. </li></ul><ul><li>This motif gives emphasis to a lesson that the passage of the threshold is a form of self-annihilation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 6. Road of Trials <ul><li>There is often a dream landscape included with a series of obstacles. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero is aided by a supernatural helper with advice, charms and secret agents. </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus, Hermes and Circe=literary example </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7. Meeting with the Goddess <ul><li>All barriers have been overcome. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an appearance of a mystical marriage of the hero-soul with the Queen Goddess. </li></ul><ul><li>mothers, sisters, mistresses and brides=examples of the goddess </li></ul>
  9. 9. 8. Woman as a Temptress <ul><li>The woman is life and the hero is the knower and master. </li></ul><ul><li>The woman can tempt the hero in a series of ways. It needn’t be of sexual content. </li></ul><ul><li>This stage represents the difference between what life ought to be and what it really is. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 9. Atonement with the Father <ul><li>Often the hero opposes a father figure during his journey. </li></ul><ul><li>The son must complete a future task. </li></ul><ul><li>There is often a radical readjustment of parental images. </li></ul><ul><li>God vs. Sin=example </li></ul><ul><li>Woman or goddess usually helps the hero. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 10. Apotheosis (glorification) <ul><li>The hero becomes a godlike figure as well as a human hero. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero attains this award after he has passed all of the obstacles and terrors of ignorance. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero can be adrogynous in nature. Tieresias and Buddha are examples. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 11. Ultimate Boon <ul><li>The born-king hero attains the ultimate boon by making no mistakes and clearing all obstacles. </li></ul><ul><li>The prize is always scaled to the stature of the hero. </li></ul><ul><li>Gilgamesh=literary example </li></ul>
  13. 13. 12. Refusal of the Return <ul><li>The hero may decide that he does not want to return to the life he once lead. </li></ul><ul><li>He often enjoys his current stature and his time in his quasi-utopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Jason and the Golden Fleece=literary example </li></ul>
  14. 14. 13. Magic Flight <ul><li>The job of the hero is to restore his society to the level at which he left it. </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural aid is involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus=literary example </li></ul>
  15. 15. 14. Rescue from Without <ul><li>The world may have to come back and get the hero. </li></ul><ul><li>His land of common day may have to reach out and bring him back to their land. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 15. Crossing of the Return Threshold <ul><li>The two kingdoms are usually one in reality. </li></ul><ul><li>divine and human </li></ul><ul><li>One is considered to be the forgotten dimension of the world we know. </li></ul><ul><li>There is usually an exploration of the deed of the hero. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 16. Master of the Two Worlds <ul><li>The hero may pass back and forth between the two worlds because he has earned the right (with help) to “rule” both areas. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 17. Freedom to Live <ul><li>“ The goal of the myth is to dispel the need for such life ignorance by affecting a reconciliation of the individual consciousness and with the universal will” (238). </li></ul><ul><li>Life is transitory even though it lives in our minds. </li></ul>
  19. 19. ADVENTURE CYCLE Threshold of Adventure call elixir flight helpers tests helper
  20. 20. Works Cited <ul><li>Campbell, Joseph .The Hero With a Thousand Faces . New York: Princeton University Press, 1968. </li></ul>

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