King Arthur

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King Arthur

  1. 1. World Mythology chapter notes
  2. 2. <ul><li>Brutus -frees Trojans from Greek rule </li></ul><ul><li>Diana -Roman goddess of the hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Aeneas -sole Trojan survivor, Aphrodite’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine -1 st to defeat Saxons </li></ul><ul><li>Aurelius Ambrosias -Constantine’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Uther Pendragon -Constantine’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Troia Nova -New Troy, capital on Thames </li></ul>PROLOGUE-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  3. 3. <ul><li>Uther Pendragon -king of Britain, father of Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin -seer and enchanter </li></ul><ul><li>Archibishop of Canterbury -principal religious figure of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Ector -Arthur’s surrogate father </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Kay -Arthur’s surrogate brother </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas -contest for new king </li></ul><ul><li>Easter -another contest for new king </li></ul><ul><li>Igraine -Arthur’s mother </li></ul>CHAPTER 1-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  4. 4. <ul><li>Uther Pendragon dies=unrest & turmoil </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin advises Archbishop to summon nobles to select king for Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles devise a contest to remove sword from the stone. </li></ul><ul><li>No one pulls out the sword on Christmas they postpone coronation until January 1st. </li></ul><ul><li>Kay asks Arthur to get him another sword. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur is successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Kay offers Arthur money to keep quiet. </li></ul>CHAPTER 1-SUMMARY
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sir Ector asks Kay to replace the sword and remove it again; Kay confesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur is proclaimed the rightful king and the story of Arthur’s lineage is discussed. </li></ul><ul><li>Archbishop delays appointment of Arthur because he is a boy and the nobles approve of the Archbishop’s decision. </li></ul><ul><li>After Easter, Arthur is named the king and asked to reign justly. </li></ul><ul><li>A discussion of Arthur’s legitimacy is illustrated. </li></ul>CHAPTER 1-SUMMARY
  6. 6. ARTHUR PULLS THE SWORD FROM THE STONE. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20740/20740-h/images/maloan_02.jpg
  7. 7. <ul><li>Duke of Cornwall- married to Igraine,upset with Uther, dies </li></ul><ul><li>Uther- flirts and seduces Igraine, marries Igraine after the Duke dies </li></ul><ul><li>Igraine- wife of both the Duke and Uther, mother of Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin- helps Uther to seduce Igraine </li></ul><ul><li>Aurelius Ambrosias- is poisoned and dies </li></ul><ul><li>Stonehenge- memorial to Aurelius Ambrosias </li></ul>CHAPTER 2-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  8. 8. <ul><li>During a feast, the Duke of Cornwall becomes irate with Uther for flirting with his wife, Igraine. </li></ul><ul><li>Uther asks Merlin to aid him in seducing Igraine, the most beautiful woman in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin tells Uther that Igraine will bear him a son (prophecy). </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin creates a potion so that Uther looks like the Duke of Cornwall to sleep with Igraine. </li></ul>CHAPTER 2-SUMMARY
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Duke of Cornwall dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin warns Uther that Arthur cannot live with Uther because of his enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>Stonehenge is a memorial to Aurelius Ambrosias, originally in Africa then relocated to Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Aurelius is poisoned. </li></ul><ul><li>dragon-rays to Gaul and sea (Arthur, Margawse and her descendants) </li></ul><ul><li>Uther puts an end to Saxon terror. </li></ul>CHAPTER 2-SUMMARY
  10. 10. STONEHENGE http://www.aboutstonehenge.info/images/education/stonehenge-wallpaper-3.jpg
  11. 11. <ul><li>Arthur- is considered a great king </li></ul><ul><li>Margawse- Arthur’s half-sister, mother of Arthur’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred- Arthur and Margawse’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Lady of the Lake- keeper of Excalibur </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere- Arthur’s wife </li></ul><ul><li>King Leodegrance- Guinevere’s father </li></ul>CHAPTER 3-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  12. 12. <ul><li>Arthur falls in love with Queen Margawse, wife of King Lot. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur seduces Margawse and begets a son. </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin tells the prophecy of Mordred killing Arthur because God is angry. </li></ul><ul><li>Merlin collects all boys of nobility born on the same day of Mordred for extermination. (allusion) </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred survives and is raised by a surrogate until he is fourteen. </li></ul>CHAPTER 3-SUMMARY
  13. 13. <ul><li>Arthur believes that Mordred is his nephew. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur battles Sir Pellinor. Merlin places a spell on him. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur meets the Lady of the Lake and receives Excalibur . </li></ul><ul><li>Excalibur’s sheath is mightier than the sword. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur marries Guinevere against the advice of Merlin. </li></ul><ul><li>King Leodegrance gives Arthur the Round Table. </li></ul>CHAPTER 3-SUMMARY
  14. 14. THE ROUND TABLE users.skynet.be/keltic/table.JPG
  15. 15. <ul><li>Arthur- great king and ruler of Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Lucius Hiberius- Roman emperor before Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Kay- Arthur’s surrogate brother and member of Round Table </li></ul><ul><li>Niece of Duke of Brittany- trapped by a monster </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Lancelot- greatest knight of the Round table </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Gawain- knight of Round Table </li></ul>CHAPTER 4-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  16. 16. <ul><li>Arthur and co. defeat the armies of Norway, Denmark and Gaul. </li></ul><ul><li>Lucius Hiberius threatens Arthur. Arthur decides to go to war with Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur has a dream about a dragon and a bear. (symbol?) </li></ul><ul><li>The niece of the Duke of Brittany is trapped in Gaul by a giant monster. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur and Sir Kay fight the giant. </li></ul>CHAPTER 4-SUMMARY
  17. 17. <ul><li>The woman dies but Arthur defeats the giant and beheads it. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot and Gawain battle the Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur beheads Lucius Hiberius and becomes the ruler of the Roman Empire. </li></ul>CHAPTER 4-SUMMARY
  18. 18. SIR GAWAIN http://faculty.smu.edu/bwheeler/kinga/gawain.jpg
  19. 19. <ul><li>Lancelot- leading knight of Round Table, love interest of Guinevere </li></ul><ul><li>Castle of Tintagel- Arthur’s birthplace, place where Lancelot meets 60 women </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere- Lancelot’s love interest </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur- is placed in a thematic predicament </li></ul><ul><li>Bors -offers to defend Guinevere against treason </li></ul>CHAPTER 5-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  20. 20. <ul><li>Lancelot and Guinevere love each other. He is the leading knight of the Round Table. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot is imprisoned by four queens. He refuses all of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot aids a maiden in the forest. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot is approached by two giants at the Castle of Tintagel. He slays them. </li></ul>CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  21. 21. <ul><li>Upon Lancelot’s return to the court, he resumes his love affair with Guinevere. </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere and Lancelot have a minor tiff about his commitment to her. </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere is accused of treason after a knight dies from a poisoned apple. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot is gone. Bors refuses to defend the queen and then retracts his refusal. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot hears of Guinevere’s predicament. </li></ul>CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  22. 22. <ul><li>Lancelot defends Guinevere. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot decides to compete in a tournament and wears another woman’s token. Guinevere is furious. </li></ul><ul><li>At the next tournament, Lancelot wears Guinevere’s token. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot and kin win the tournament by default. </li></ul>CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  23. 23. LANCELOT AND GUINEVERE www.donatoart.com
  24. 24. <ul><li>Mordred- plans to tell Arthur of the affair between Guinevere and Lancelot </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot- kills Gawain’s brothers </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain- will not support Mordred and Agravain but changes his mind </li></ul><ul><li>Agravain- speaks of his disgust of the affair between Guinevere and Lancelot </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere- is condemned to burn </li></ul>CHAPTER 6-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  25. 25. <ul><li>Agravain and Mordred plan to tell Arthur of Guinevere and Lancelot’s love affair. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain and Agravain disagree. </li></ul><ul><li>Agravain and Mordred tell Arthur of Lancelot’s treason. Arthur request that they provide proof. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan-Arthur goes on a hunting trip. If the knights find Lancelot with Guinevere he will be tried. </li></ul>CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  26. 26. <ul><li>Lancelot kills the knights except for Mordred and asks Guinevere to flee Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot lies to his family. </li></ul><ul><li>The fellowship of the Round Table is broken. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur calls for Guinevere to be burned. Gawain asks Arthur to reconsider. </li></ul>CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  27. 27. <ul><li>Arthur asks Gawain to get Guinevere. Gawain refuses. Gareth and Gaheris retrieve her. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot kills both Gareth and Gaheris. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain is enraged with Lancelot and refuses to make peace with him because Lancelot kills Gawain’s brothers while they are unarmed. </li></ul>CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  28. 28. <ul><li>Gawain vows to find Lancelot and avenge his brothers’ deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>The war between Arthur and Lancelot begins. </li></ul>CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  29. 29. QUEEN GUINEVERE PREPARES TO BE BURNED. http://www.sir-lancelot.co.uk/lancelot-images/Queen-Guinevere.jpg
  30. 30. <ul><li>King Arthur- tries to keep his kingdom united while dealing with allegations against his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain- defends Guinevere but seeks revenge </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot- accidentally kills Gareth & Gaheris </li></ul><ul><li>Gareth- dies by hand of Lancelot </li></ul><ul><li>Gaheris- dies by hand of Lancelot </li></ul><ul><li>Pope- orders peace </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred- plots to overthrow Arthur </li></ul>CHAPTER 7-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  31. 31. <ul><li>King Arthur and Gawain wait for four months for Lancelot to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot refuses to battle with King Arthur and claims that he had to defend Guinevere. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot also claims that the deaths of Gareth and Gaheris are accidental. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain will not permit King Arthur to forgive Lancelot. </li></ul>CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  32. 32. <ul><li>The news of the war reaches the Pope. The Pope insists that Arthur end the war and accept Guinevere. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain at first refuses to seek vengeance but then abides. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain tells Lancelot that he must leave within two weeks and Lancelot adheres to Gawain’s wish. </li></ul>CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  33. 33. <ul><li>King Arthur knows that the country is strife stricken but marches off to war. </li></ul><ul><li>King Arthur leaves Mordred in charge. Mordred plans to reign and marry Guinevere. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain’s might increases threefold between 9:00 a.m. and noon. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot and Gawain battle. Lancelot holds Gawain off until after noon and strikes him. </li></ul>CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  34. 34. <ul><li>Gawain tells Lancelot to slay him. Lancelot refuses twice. </li></ul><ul><li>King Arthur hears of Mordred’s treachery. Guinevere refuses to marry Mordred. </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred retreats from confrontation with King Arthur. </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain writes a letter to Lancelot on his deathbed. Gawain dies. </li></ul>CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  35. 35. ARTHUR AND MORDRED http://www.timelessmyths.com/arthurian/gallery/arthurmordred.jpg
  36. 36. <ul><li>Arthur- goes to Avalon </li></ul><ul><li>Gawain- comes to Arthur in a dream </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred- dies at Arthur’s hand </li></ul><ul><li>Bedivere- returns Excalibur </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere- becomes a nun </li></ul><ul><li>Avalon- Arthur’s resting place </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot- dies of guilt </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  37. 37. <ul><li>Arthur has a dream that he sinks in water. Arthur has another dream where Gawain advises him to avoid Mordred for a month. </li></ul><ul><li>Mordred agrees to postpone battle for one month. </li></ul><ul><li>However, when each side meets a poisonous snake bites one of Mordred’s knights. </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  38. 38. <ul><li>Both sides unsheath their swords and fight. 200,000 men die. Bedivere lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Bedivere reminds Arthur that he is not to fight Mordred. Arthur does not heed Bedivere’s advice and attacks Mordred. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur wounds Mordred, vice versa. </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  39. 39. <ul><li>Arthur asks Bedivere to take Excalibur to the lake. Bedivere lies to Arthur twice about throwing the sword into the lake. </li></ul><ul><li>After Arthur’s third request, Bedivere does throw the sword into the lake and sees an arm reach out of the lake for it. </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  40. 40. <ul><li>Bedivere takes Arthur to the lake to meet the four queens who will take him to Avalon. </li></ul><ul><li>Guinevere becomes a nun while repenting for her sins. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot visits Guinevere. Guinevere tells Lancelot that their love is destructive. </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  41. 41. <ul><li>Guinevere dies and is buried near Arthur. </li></ul><ul><li>Lancelot dies of malnourishment and guilt. </li></ul><ul><li>THE END! </li></ul>CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  42. 42. ARTHUR AND AVALON http://students.ou.edu/N/Jessica.D.Nelson1/Morgan%20Le%20Fey%20to%20Avalon.bmp

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