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King Arthur

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  • 1. World Mythology chapter notes
  • 2.
    • Brutus -frees Trojans from Greek rule
    • Diana -Roman goddess of the hunt
    • Aeneas -sole Trojan survivor, Aphrodite’s son
    • Constantine -1 st to defeat Saxons
    • Aurelius Ambrosias -Constantine’s son
    • Uther Pendragon -Constantine’s son
    • Troia Nova -New Troy, capital on Thames
    PROLOGUE-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 3.
    • Uther Pendragon -king of Britain, father of Arthur
    • Merlin -seer and enchanter
    • Archibishop of Canterbury -principal religious figure of Britain
    • Sir Ector -Arthur’s surrogate father
    • Sir Kay -Arthur’s surrogate brother
    • Christmas -contest for new king
    • Easter -another contest for new king
    • Igraine -Arthur’s mother
    CHAPTER 1-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 4.
    • Uther Pendragon dies=unrest & turmoil
    • Merlin advises Archbishop to summon nobles to select king for Britain.
    • Nobles devise a contest to remove sword from the stone.
    • No one pulls out the sword on Christmas they postpone coronation until January 1st.
    • Kay asks Arthur to get him another sword.
    • Arthur is successful.
    • Kay offers Arthur money to keep quiet.
    CHAPTER 1-SUMMARY
  • 5.
    • Sir Ector asks Kay to replace the sword and remove it again; Kay confesses.
    • Arthur is proclaimed the rightful king and the story of Arthur’s lineage is discussed.
    • Archbishop delays appointment of Arthur because he is a boy and the nobles approve of the Archbishop’s decision.
    • After Easter, Arthur is named the king and asked to reign justly.
    • A discussion of Arthur’s legitimacy is illustrated.
    CHAPTER 1-SUMMARY
  • 6. ARTHUR PULLS THE SWORD FROM THE STONE. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20740/20740-h/images/maloan_02.jpg
  • 7.
    • Duke of Cornwall- married to Igraine,upset with Uther, dies
    • Uther- flirts and seduces Igraine, marries Igraine after the Duke dies
    • Igraine- wife of both the Duke and Uther, mother of Arthur
    • Merlin- helps Uther to seduce Igraine
    • Aurelius Ambrosias- is poisoned and dies
    • Stonehenge- memorial to Aurelius Ambrosias
    CHAPTER 2-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 8.
    • During a feast, the Duke of Cornwall becomes irate with Uther for flirting with his wife, Igraine.
    • Uther asks Merlin to aid him in seducing Igraine, the most beautiful woman in Britain.
    • Merlin tells Uther that Igraine will bear him a son (prophecy).
    • Merlin creates a potion so that Uther looks like the Duke of Cornwall to sleep with Igraine.
    CHAPTER 2-SUMMARY
  • 9.
    • The Duke of Cornwall dies.
    • Merlin warns Uther that Arthur cannot live with Uther because of his enemies.
    • Stonehenge is a memorial to Aurelius Ambrosias, originally in Africa then relocated to Ireland.
    • Aurelius is poisoned.
    • dragon-rays to Gaul and sea (Arthur, Margawse and her descendants)
    • Uther puts an end to Saxon terror.
    CHAPTER 2-SUMMARY
  • 10. STONEHENGE http://www.aboutstonehenge.info/images/education/stonehenge-wallpaper-3.jpg
  • 11.
    • Arthur- is considered a great king
    • Margawse- Arthur’s half-sister, mother of Arthur’s son
    • Mordred- Arthur and Margawse’s son
    • Lady of the Lake- keeper of Excalibur
    • Guinevere- Arthur’s wife
    • King Leodegrance- Guinevere’s father
    CHAPTER 3-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 12.
    • Arthur falls in love with Queen Margawse, wife of King Lot.
    • Arthur seduces Margawse and begets a son.
    • Merlin tells the prophecy of Mordred killing Arthur because God is angry.
    • Merlin collects all boys of nobility born on the same day of Mordred for extermination. (allusion)
    • Mordred survives and is raised by a surrogate until he is fourteen.
    CHAPTER 3-SUMMARY
  • 13.
    • Arthur believes that Mordred is his nephew.
    • Arthur battles Sir Pellinor. Merlin places a spell on him.
    • Arthur meets the Lady of the Lake and receives Excalibur .
    • Excalibur’s sheath is mightier than the sword.
    • Arthur marries Guinevere against the advice of Merlin.
    • King Leodegrance gives Arthur the Round Table.
    CHAPTER 3-SUMMARY
  • 14. THE ROUND TABLE users.skynet.be/keltic/table.JPG
  • 15.
    • Arthur- great king and ruler of Roman Empire
    • Lucius Hiberius- Roman emperor before Arthur
    • Sir Kay- Arthur’s surrogate brother and member of Round Table
    • Niece of Duke of Brittany- trapped by a monster
    • Sir Lancelot- greatest knight of the Round table
    • Sir Gawain- knight of Round Table
    CHAPTER 4-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 16.
    • Arthur and co. defeat the armies of Norway, Denmark and Gaul.
    • Lucius Hiberius threatens Arthur. Arthur decides to go to war with Rome.
    • Arthur has a dream about a dragon and a bear. (symbol?)
    • The niece of the Duke of Brittany is trapped in Gaul by a giant monster.
    • Arthur and Sir Kay fight the giant.
    CHAPTER 4-SUMMARY
  • 17.
    • The woman dies but Arthur defeats the giant and beheads it.
    • Lancelot and Gawain battle the Romans.
    • Arthur beheads Lucius Hiberius and becomes the ruler of the Roman Empire.
    CHAPTER 4-SUMMARY
  • 18. SIR GAWAIN http://faculty.smu.edu/bwheeler/kinga/gawain.jpg
  • 19.
    • Lancelot- leading knight of Round Table, love interest of Guinevere
    • Castle of Tintagel- Arthur’s birthplace, place where Lancelot meets 60 women
    • Guinevere- Lancelot’s love interest
    • Arthur- is placed in a thematic predicament
    • Bors -offers to defend Guinevere against treason
    CHAPTER 5-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 20.
    • Lancelot and Guinevere love each other. He is the leading knight of the Round Table.
    • Lancelot is imprisoned by four queens. He refuses all of them.
    • Lancelot aids a maiden in the forest.
    • Lancelot is approached by two giants at the Castle of Tintagel. He slays them.
    CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  • 21.
    • Upon Lancelot’s return to the court, he resumes his love affair with Guinevere.
    • Guinevere and Lancelot have a minor tiff about his commitment to her.
    • Guinevere is accused of treason after a knight dies from a poisoned apple.
    • Lancelot is gone. Bors refuses to defend the queen and then retracts his refusal.
    • Lancelot hears of Guinevere’s predicament.
    CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  • 22.
    • Lancelot defends Guinevere.
    • Lancelot decides to compete in a tournament and wears another woman’s token. Guinevere is furious.
    • At the next tournament, Lancelot wears Guinevere’s token.
    • Lancelot and kin win the tournament by default.
    CHAPTER 5-SUMMARY
  • 23. LANCELOT AND GUINEVERE www.donatoart.com
  • 24.
    • Mordred- plans to tell Arthur of the affair between Guinevere and Lancelot
    • Lancelot- kills Gawain’s brothers
    • Gawain- will not support Mordred and Agravain but changes his mind
    • Agravain- speaks of his disgust of the affair between Guinevere and Lancelot
    • Guinevere- is condemned to burn
    CHAPTER 6-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 25.
    • Agravain and Mordred plan to tell Arthur of Guinevere and Lancelot’s love affair.
    • Gawain and Agravain disagree.
    • Agravain and Mordred tell Arthur of Lancelot’s treason. Arthur request that they provide proof.
    • Plan-Arthur goes on a hunting trip. If the knights find Lancelot with Guinevere he will be tried.
    CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  • 26.
    • Lancelot kills the knights except for Mordred and asks Guinevere to flee Britain.
    • Lancelot lies to his family.
    • The fellowship of the Round Table is broken.
    • Arthur calls for Guinevere to be burned. Gawain asks Arthur to reconsider.
    CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  • 27.
    • Arthur asks Gawain to get Guinevere. Gawain refuses. Gareth and Gaheris retrieve her.
    • Lancelot kills both Gareth and Gaheris.
    • Gawain is enraged with Lancelot and refuses to make peace with him because Lancelot kills Gawain’s brothers while they are unarmed.
    CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  • 28.
    • Gawain vows to find Lancelot and avenge his brothers’ deaths.
    • The war between Arthur and Lancelot begins.
    CHAPTER 6-SUMMARY
  • 29. QUEEN GUINEVERE PREPARES TO BE BURNED. http://www.sir-lancelot.co.uk/lancelot-images/Queen-Guinevere.jpg
  • 30.
    • King Arthur- tries to keep his kingdom united while dealing with allegations against his wife
    • Gawain- defends Guinevere but seeks revenge
    • Lancelot- accidentally kills Gareth & Gaheris
    • Gareth- dies by hand of Lancelot
    • Gaheris- dies by hand of Lancelot
    • Pope- orders peace
    • Mordred- plots to overthrow Arthur
    CHAPTER 7-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 31.
    • King Arthur and Gawain wait for four months for Lancelot to fight.
    • Lancelot refuses to battle with King Arthur and claims that he had to defend Guinevere.
    • Lancelot also claims that the deaths of Gareth and Gaheris are accidental.
    • Gawain will not permit King Arthur to forgive Lancelot.
    CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  • 32.
    • The news of the war reaches the Pope. The Pope insists that Arthur end the war and accept Guinevere.
    • Gawain at first refuses to seek vengeance but then abides.
    • Gawain tells Lancelot that he must leave within two weeks and Lancelot adheres to Gawain’s wish.
    CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  • 33.
    • King Arthur knows that the country is strife stricken but marches off to war.
    • King Arthur leaves Mordred in charge. Mordred plans to reign and marry Guinevere.
    • Gawain’s might increases threefold between 9:00 a.m. and noon.
    • Lancelot and Gawain battle. Lancelot holds Gawain off until after noon and strikes him.
    CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  • 34.
    • Gawain tells Lancelot to slay him. Lancelot refuses twice.
    • King Arthur hears of Mordred’s treachery. Guinevere refuses to marry Mordred.
    • Mordred retreats from confrontation with King Arthur.
    • Gawain writes a letter to Lancelot on his deathbed. Gawain dies.
    CHAPTER 7-SUMMARY
  • 35. ARTHUR AND MORDRED http://www.timelessmyths.com/arthurian/gallery/arthurmordred.jpg
  • 36.
    • Arthur- goes to Avalon
    • Gawain- comes to Arthur in a dream
    • Mordred- dies at Arthur’s hand
    • Bedivere- returns Excalibur
    • Guinevere- becomes a nun
    • Avalon- Arthur’s resting place
    • Lancelot- dies of guilt
    CHAPTER 8-KEY NAMES/TERMS
  • 37.
    • Arthur has a dream that he sinks in water. Arthur has another dream where Gawain advises him to avoid Mordred for a month.
    • Mordred agrees to postpone battle for one month.
    • However, when each side meets a poisonous snake bites one of Mordred’s knights.
    CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  • 38.
    • Both sides unsheath their swords and fight. 200,000 men die. Bedivere lives.
    • Bedivere reminds Arthur that he is not to fight Mordred. Arthur does not heed Bedivere’s advice and attacks Mordred.
    • Arthur wounds Mordred, vice versa.
    CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  • 39.
    • Arthur asks Bedivere to take Excalibur to the lake. Bedivere lies to Arthur twice about throwing the sword into the lake.
    • After Arthur’s third request, Bedivere does throw the sword into the lake and sees an arm reach out of the lake for it.
    CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  • 40.
    • Bedivere takes Arthur to the lake to meet the four queens who will take him to Avalon.
    • Guinevere becomes a nun while repenting for her sins.
    • Lancelot visits Guinevere. Guinevere tells Lancelot that their love is destructive.
    CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  • 41.
    • Guinevere dies and is buried near Arthur.
    • Lancelot dies of malnourishment and guilt.
    • THE END!
    CHAPTER 8-SUMMARY
  • 42. ARTHUR AND AVALON http://students.ou.edu/N/Jessica.D.Nelson1/Morgan%20Le%20Fey%20to%20Avalon.bmp