Introduction to Mythology
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Introduction to Mythology Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to Mythology Mrs. Kocan World Mythology
  • 2. DEFINITION OF MYTH
    • AN ANONYMOUS, TRADITIONAL STORY THAT EXPLAINS A BELIEF, CUSTOM OR MYSTERIOUS NATURAL PHENOMENON
  • 3. MYTHS
    • examine the relationship between the individual’s desires and his/her responsibilities to society
  • 4. World Mythology myth types
    • creation
    • fertility
    • hero
  • 5. Purpose(s) of Myths
    • originally created to entertain with a serious purpose
    • to explain human nature
    • to instruct
  • 6. Deities appeal to people because
    • they have superhuman attributes
    • they have humanlike flaws
  • 7. CHARACTERISTICS
    • ancient, oral traditions
    • explain origins
    • explain natural phenomena
    • explain death
    • explain nature
    • explain function of divinities
    • include elements of folklore and legend
    • depict humans as an integral part of the universe
  • 8. COMMON THEMES
    • First parents are often gods of sky and earth.
    • The creator god usually fashions humans from earth.
    • Gods destroy at least one world of mortals by causing a great flood.
    • Death is followed by rebirth.
  • 9. COMMON THEMES
    • Heroes are children of gods but may exhibit:
      • unusual birth
      • possess extraordinary strength
      • kill monsters with help of special weapons
      • embark on arduous journey
      • descend to Underworld
      • unusual death
  • 10. CULTURAL SIMILARITIES
    • start with chaotic beginnings
    • divinities that multiply
    • creator god
    • continued existence of evil
    • corrupt humanity
    • heroes as teaching tools
      • attitudes, behaviors, values, models for culture
  • 11. HEROES
    • earn fame in a variety of ways
    • remain true to religion
    • are flawed
    • human weaknesses are instructive
    • cannot accept mortality
    • define themselves by how they relate to external circumstances