How to create a Bibliography:using the APA Referencing Style
What is a Bibliography? ? ! A Bibliography is a list of all material used in the preparation of your assignment. It is usually in alphabetical order of authors surname. If a resource has no author, list it in alphabetical order by the first 3 letters of the title, ignoring the words A, and The at the beginning of a title.
Hints! Remember to write down the : bibliographic details of a resource as you use it. Dont wait until the end of the assignment, when you have returned some of the resources, and think which book did I use? Where is it?
What bibliographic details do I need to reference different types of resources?
Book! Authors surname, authors initial.! Publication date (in brackets).! Title – italics.! Place of publication: Publisher.• Kourik, R. (2010). The lavender garden. San Francisco: Chronicle Books•
Book chapter! Authors surname, authors initial – of chapter! Publication date (in brackets).! Title of chapter! Authors surname, authors initial – of book! Title of book – italics.! Pages of chapter! Place of publication: Publisher.• Prinze, T.P. (2001). Colours of the rainbow. In F.M. Hood & T.S. Center (Eds.). Colour spectrums. (pp. 74-85). New York, NY: Scott Press.•
Journal article• Author surname, Initial• Publication date - in brackets • Title of article, • Title of periodical - italics, • Volume, • Number in brackets • Page number• Smith, M., & Brown, L. (2010). A look at gaming in education. Schools and Education, 12(6), 123-134.
Electronic journal articlefrom online database• Author surname, Initial• Publication date - in brackets • Title of article, • Title of periodical - italics, • Volume, • Number in brackets • Page number• Retrieved from – URL of online database .• Baker, V., Smiths, K., & Dodd, Y. (2010). Changing careers in mid stream. Australian Journal of Careers, 23(4), 19–25. Retrieved from http:// www.jstor.org/
Newspaper article! Author surname, Initial.! Publication date - in brackets ! Title of article, ! Title of newspaper - italics, ! Page number. ! Shaw, P. (2011, May 12). Mining shares drop, The Australian, p.12.
Encyclopedia article ! Authors surname, authors initial – of article ! Publication date (in brackets). ! Title of article. ! Volume number and pages of encyclopedia ! Place of publication: Publisher• Barker, D. (2007). Tiger cubs. In International encyclopedia of animals. (Vol. 3, pp. 22-27). New York: N.Y.: Notable Press.
Audio Visual Material• Surname and initials of producer. Surname and initials of writer/director• Production date (in brackets)• Title in italics• Media type in square brackets• Place of production• Studio nameMovie: Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director).(2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States:Paramount Pictures.DVD: same as above but [DVD] in square bracketsTV program: Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). TheMacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York andWashington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.
Webpage with an author . Author surname and initials• Date webpage created – in brackets . Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page• Title of web page in italics • Retrieved and date retrieved• from full URL • Luikkonen ,P. (2008). Roald Dahl (1916-1990). Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm• •
Webpage with no author . Title of webpage in italics • Date webpage created (in brackets) Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page • Retrieved and date retrieved • from full URL • Roald Dahl. (2011) Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http:// www.roalddahl.com/. • •
Personal communication ! Forms of personal communication include letters, telephone conversations, personal interviews and e-mail messages. ! These are not included in your bibliography as they cannot be traced by the reader. ! You should refer to your source in the text of your assignment (in- text referencing). • Examples: • D. Scott reported that 111 mm of rain fell in Turramurra yesterday. (personal communication, October 10, 2010) . …races. (S.Smith, personal communication, May 24, 2011)...
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