How to create a Bibliography: using the APA Referencing Style
What is a Bibliography? ? A Bibliography is a list of all material used in the preparation of your assignment. It is usually in alphabetical order of author's surname. If a resource has no author, list it in alphabetical order by the first 3 letters of the title, ignoring the words A, and The at the beginning of a title.
Hints :Remember to write down the bibliographic details of a resource as you use it. Don't wait until the end of the assignment, when you have returned some of the resources, and think 'which book did I use? Where is it?'
What bibliographic details do I need to reference different types of resources?
Book Author's surname, author's initial. Publication date (in brackets). Title – italics. Place of publication: Publisher. Kourik, R. (2010). The lavender garden. San Francisco:Chronicle Books
Book chapter Author's surname, author's initial – of chapter Publication date (in brackets). Title of chapter Author's surname, author's initial – of book Title of book – italics. Pages of chapter Place of publication: Publisher. Prinze, T.P. (2001). Colours of the rainbow. In F.M. Hood & T.S. Center (Eds.). Colour spectrums.(pp. 74-85). New York, NY: Scott Press.
Journal article Author surname, Initial Publication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of periodical - italics, Volume, Number in brackets Page number Smith, M., & Brown, L. (2010). A look at gaming in education. Schools and Education, 12(6), 123-134.
Electronic journal article from online database Author surname, Initial Publication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of periodical - italics, Volume, Number in brackets Page number .Retrieved from – URL of online database Baker, V., Smiths, K., & Dodd, Y. (2010). Changing careers in mid stream. Australian Journal of Careers, 23(4), 19–25. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/
Newspaper article Author surname, Initial. Publication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of newspaper - italics, Page number. Shaw, P. (2011, May 12). Mining shares drop, The Australian, p.12.
Encyclopedia article Author's surname, author's initial – of article Publication date (in brackets). Title of article. Volume number and pages of encyclopedia Place of publication: Publisher Barker, D. (2007). Tiger cubs. In International encyclopedia of animals.(Vol. 3, pp. 22-27). New York: N.Y.: Notable Press.
Audio Visual Material Surname and initials of producer . Surname and initials of writer/director Production date (in brackets) Title in italics Media type in square brackets Place of production Studio name Movie: Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures. DVD: same as above but [DVD] in square brackets TV program: Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.
Webpage with an author
. Author surname and initials Date webpage created – in brackets .Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page Title of web page in italics Retrieved and date retrieved from full URL Luikkonen ,P. (2008). Roald Dahl (1916-1990).Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm
Webpage with no author
. Title of webpage in italics Date webpage created (in brackets) Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page Retrieved and date retrieved from full URL Roald Dahl. (2011) Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://www.roalddahl.com/.
Personal communication Forms of personal communication include letters, telephone conversations, personal interviews and e-mail messages. These are not included in your bibliography as they cannot be traced by the reader. You should refer to your source in the text of your assignment (in-text referencing). Examples: D. Scott reported that 111 mm of rain fell in Turramurra yesterday.(personal communication, October 10, 2010) . …races. (S.Smith, personal communication, May 24, 2011)...