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Association of South East Asian Nations

Association of South East Asian Nations

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ASEAN ASEAN Presentation Transcript

  • ASEANASEAN  ASSOCIATIONASSOCIATION OFOF SOUTH-EASTSOUTH-EAST ASIANASIAN NATIONSNATIONS
  • About ASEANAbout ASEAN  ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 inASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in BangkokBangkok  by the five original Member Countries,by the five original Member Countries,  namely,namely,  Indonesia,Indonesia,  Malaysia,Malaysia,  Philippines,Philippines,  Singapore, andSingapore, and  ThailandThailand
  • Following members joined ASEAN laterFollowing members joined ASEAN later  Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984,Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984,  Vietnam on 28 July 1995,Vietnam on 28 July 1995,  Laos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, andLaos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and  Cambodia on 30 April 1999.Cambodia on 30 April 1999. About ASEANAbout ASEAN View slide
  • ASEAN has 10 dialogue partners –ASEAN has 10 dialogue partners –  AustraliaAustralia  CanadaCanada  ChinaChina  the European Unionthe European Union  IndiaIndia  JapanJapan  RussiaRussia  New ZealandNew Zealand  South Korea andSouth Korea and  the United States.the United States. About ASEANAbout ASEAN View slide
  • Objectives of ASEANObjectives of ASEAN The ASEAN nations come together with three mainThe ASEAN nations come together with three main objectives in mind:objectives in mind:  to promote the economic, social and culturalto promote the economic, social and cultural development of the region through cooperativedevelopment of the region through cooperative programs;programs;  to safeguard the political and economic stability ofto safeguard the political and economic stability of the region against big power rivalry;the region against big power rivalry;  and to serve as a forum for the resolution of intra-and to serve as a forum for the resolution of intra- regional differencesregional differences
  •  The ASEAN Regional Forum is an informalThe ASEAN Regional Forum is an informal multilateral dialogue of 25 members that seeks tomultilateral dialogue of 25 members that seeks to address security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.address security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.  The ARF met for the first time in 1994.The ARF met for the first time in 1994.  The current participants in the ARF are as follows:The current participants in the ARF are as follows: ASEAN,ASEAN,  Australia, Canada, China, European Union, India, Japan,Australia, Canada, China, European Union, India, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, New Zealand,North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Russia, East Timor, and thePakistan, Papua New Guinea, Russia, East Timor, and the United States.United States. ASEAN Regional ForumASEAN Regional Forum
  • Recent economic indicatorsRecent economic indicators
  • Real GDP GrowthReal GDP Growth
  • ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations (constraints)(constraints)  For the first time the Pakistanis are not only just looking enviably atFor the first time the Pakistanis are not only just looking enviably at the Asean.the Asean.  But also attempting to engage Pakistan with Asean.But also attempting to engage Pakistan with Asean.  However there are operative constraints which effect PakistanisHowever there are operative constraints which effect Pakistanis desires to have closer ties with the ASEAN countries.desires to have closer ties with the ASEAN countries.  Among the constraints that needs to be highlighted include___Among the constraints that needs to be highlighted include___  perceptual constraints andperceptual constraints and  nationalistic constraintsnationalistic constraints  recently that the Pakistanis started what has come to be known asrecently that the Pakistanis started what has come to be known as ‘Look East’ policy.‘Look East’ policy.
  •  perceptual constraintsperceptual constraints  Most Pakistanis as a bunch of developing countriesMost Pakistanis as a bunch of developing countries viewed Asean countries and it was not expected to be allviewed Asean countries and it was not expected to be all that greatly beneficial.that greatly beneficial.  Pakistan was keener to have ties with those countries thatPakistan was keener to have ties with those countries that can make substantive inputs in order to accelerate thecan make substantive inputs in order to accelerate the process of development.process of development.  South Koreans came to Pakistan to study how the systemSouth Koreans came to Pakistan to study how the system works?works? ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations (constraints)(constraints)
  •  nationalistic constraintsnationalistic constraints  many of the Asean countries have a large presence of themany of the Asean countries have a large presence of the overseas Indians.overseas Indians.  also India’s formal presence in ARF (Asean Regionalalso India’s formal presence in ARF (Asean Regional Forum) also effectively impeded Pakistan’s entry.Forum) also effectively impeded Pakistan’s entry.  While India was made a formal dialogue partner, PakistanWhile India was made a formal dialogue partner, Pakistan was not.was not.  At the 10th anniversary meeting of Asean at Phnom Penn,At the 10th anniversary meeting of Asean at Phnom Penn, India blocked the entry by raising a technical point thatIndia blocked the entry by raising a technical point that membership issue was not on the agenda.membership issue was not on the agenda.  An additional factor of Pakistan’s membership with AseanAn additional factor of Pakistan’s membership with Asean was the ongoing Indo-Pak dispute over Kashmir.was the ongoing Indo-Pak dispute over Kashmir. ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations (constraints)(constraints)
  •  Pakistan has also joined the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), whichPakistan has also joined the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), which has increased Pakistan's relations with ASEAN.has increased Pakistan's relations with ASEAN.  currently the trade volume between Pakistan and ASEAN countries iscurrently the trade volume between Pakistan and ASEAN countries is USD 2.6 billionUSD 2.6 billion..  On 6On 6thth June in Islamabad at awan-sadarJune in Islamabad at awan-sadar  ASEANASEAN Secretary-General Ong Keng YongSecretary-General Ong Keng Yong said on Monday that thesaid on Monday that the organization will welcome Pakistan as a full dialogue member in the nearorganization will welcome Pakistan as a full dialogue member in the near future.future.  He said Pakistan would place USD one million in the Pakistan-AseanHe said Pakistan would place USD one million in the Pakistan-Asean fund to carry out the feasibility study for the FTA and other projectsfund to carry out the feasibility study for the FTA and other projects  "No one is intervening ... We hope to get Pakistan as full dialogue"No one is intervening ... We hope to get Pakistan as full dialogue partner,"partner," ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations
  •  Singapore-Pak FTA by year-endSingapore-Pak FTA by year-end  Singapore: Singapore and Pakistan will sign the Free TradeSingapore: Singapore and Pakistan will sign the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) before the end of this year, Federal MinisterAgreement (FTA) before the end of this year, Federal Minister of Commerce,of Commerce, Himayun Akhtar KhanHimayun Akhtar Khan has said.has said.  FTA negotiation teams from the two countries are scheduled toFTA negotiation teams from the two countries are scheduled to meet in Pakistan in July as the third round of trade talksmeet in Pakistan in July as the third round of trade talks concluded in Singapore in March.concluded in Singapore in March.  The FTA will facilitate trade in goods and services, coverThe FTA will facilitate trade in goods and services, cover investments as well as professional and educational exchangesinvestments as well as professional and educational exchanges between the two countries.between the two countries.  Pakistan was also pursuing bilateral trade deals with a number ofPakistan was also pursuing bilateral trade deals with a number of countries including China and Malaysia.countries including China and Malaysia.  Pakistan was also set to commence negotiation with IndonesiaPakistan was also set to commence negotiation with Indonesia on the FTA to enlarge its engagement with East Asia.on the FTA to enlarge its engagement with East Asia. ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations
  •  Thailand-Pak FTAThailand-Pak FTA  The Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia are pledged toThe Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia are pledged to support the Pakistan. As Malaysia decision to employsupport the Pakistan. As Malaysia decision to employ 100,000 Pakistani-100,000 Pakistani-workers.workers.  inin may 2005may 2005 Thailand became the first non-MuslimThailand became the first non-Muslim country to support Pakistan’s bid to become a fullcountry to support Pakistan’s bid to become a full dialogue partner of Asean.dialogue partner of Asean.  Both countries have decided to increase the bilateralBoth countries have decided to increase the bilateral trade to abouttrade to about $1 billion$1 billion a year.a year.  Relations with Pakistan have become quite rosy when Pakistan'sRelations with Pakistan have become quite rosy when Pakistan's head of state, Pervez Musharraf visited the Philippines in April 18,head of state, Pervez Musharraf visited the Philippines in April 18, 2005.2005.  The visit was to boost trade, commerce, and industry between theThe visit was to boost trade, commerce, and industry between the two countries.two countries. ASEAN-PAKISTAN relationsASEAN-PAKISTAN relations
  •  The Foreign Minister of Singapore, Professor S.The Foreign Minister of Singapore, Professor S. Jayakumar says that when ASEAN was founded, theJayakumar says that when ASEAN was founded, the situation in Southeast Asia was very poor.situation in Southeast Asia was very poor.  But now, after long period, the situation is veryBut now, after long period, the situation is very different. The countries in Southeast Asia nowdifferent. The countries in Southeast Asia now constitute one of the most peaceful, stable andconstitute one of the most peaceful, stable and prosperous regions in the world.prosperous regions in the world.  Former ASEAN Secretary General, Narciso G. Reyes,Former ASEAN Secretary General, Narciso G. Reyes, once suggested that in order to measure ASEAN'sonce suggested that in order to measure ASEAN's worth, one should ask what could have happened toworth, one should ask what could have happened to Southeast Asia without ASEAN.Southeast Asia without ASEAN. "Southeast Asia - ASEAN"Southeast Asia - ASEAN Future of ASEANFuture of ASEAN
  •  Now ASEAN is the 4Now ASEAN is the 4thth biggest trader in thebiggest trader in the world after European Union, US, and Japan.world after European Union, US, and Japan.  ASEAN is half in population with respect toASEAN is half in population with respect to CHINA but have app. 61% more two trade thenCHINA but have app. 61% more two trade then CHINA.CHINA. Future of ASEANFuture of ASEAN
  • Following are the point we have concluded---Following are the point we have concluded---  With the establishment of ASEAN the economy of theWith the establishment of ASEAN the economy of the Asian countries became strengthen.Asian countries became strengthen.  ASEAN is only sub-regional organization in Asia thatASEAN is only sub-regional organization in Asia that provide a political forum where Asian countries and theprovide a political forum where Asian countries and the world power can discuss their political issues, securitiesworld power can discuss their political issues, securities related problems and military concerns.related problems and military concerns.  As we move towards the year 2020, ASEAN will haveAs we move towards the year 2020, ASEAN will have derived its strength not only from unity amongderived its strength not only from unity among governments but unity among its diverse peoples.governments but unity among its diverse peoples. ConclusionConclusion