Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach
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Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach



Jouni Piekkari (Finland)

Jouni Piekkari (Finland)

Centre for extension studies,
University of Turku



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Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach Art, educators, communities - a participatory approach Presentation Transcript

  • Art, educators, communities a participatory approach Jouni Piekkari, Finland
  • Aims of this presentation...
    • What is participatory approach in arts?
    • training of community artist-educators in Finland
    • international impacts and inspiration
    • examples of community art projects, that have also been art educator trainings
    • (The text in full can be found in the book ”DRAMA – a WAY to Social inclusion”. Downloadable at / dramaway )
  • My work...
    • teacher of socio-cultural work and drama on polytechnic and university levels (free lance)
    • producing cultural events and trainings for educators
    • cultural exchange
    • action research in musical anthropology (ethnomusicology)
  • In my work I emphasize...
    • integrative approach:
    • helping different groups meet and know each other
    • open networks and potential communities
    • art for social change - issue based work
    • use of traditional forms of expression
    • use of drama to integrate different elements of the artistic work
  • * A group of people close to each other physically or mentally * potential, sleeping, unborn communities * networks of communities - integrating approach Communities?
  • Theories and inspirations
  • Pedagogy of Liberation Paulo Freire, Brazil
    • learning is a process of active dialogue
    • learning starts from the everyday experiences of the learners
    • giving names to the problems
    • questioning leads to awareness and social change
    • art is a tool for understanding
    • ” folk media” - locally accepted forms
  • Pamodzi Zambian-Finnish experiments of Theatre-for-Development in Finland, 1994 photos: Mikael Rönkkö
  • Against xenofobia in bars….
  • Theatre for Awareness Natya Chetana, Orissa, India Photo: Tarja Ervasti
  • pupil as an active creator of her reality: Constructivism
    • strictly defined curriculum is impossible:
    • each individual constructs understanding on the basis of her earlier life experiences
    • pupil learns both in and outside of school
    • different learning strategies are respected
    • drama can integrate different subjects
  • Polytechnic of Seinäjoki students constructing their understanding on technology: fight between the sexes
  • What is participatory approach?
    • communities themselves plan, implement and evaluate - outside facilitators help the process
    • all members are helped to participate - regardless of age, gender or social status
    • the goal is positive social change
    • what is ”positive change” is defined by the community itself - not the”developers” from outside
    • building of identity and cultural aspect are essential
  • Educator as facilitator * learning is a dialogue: educators and communities learn from each other * educators and community members are researchers, anthropologist * research is interaction Finnish educators learning folkdances and helping in hay making,(Viena Karelia, Russia 2001)
  • Theatre for Development experiments in Zambia Photo: Annamari Karjalainen
  • Participatory approach to arts is used in the training of...
        • youth, social and health workers
        • socio-cultural producers
        • art managers
        • development cooperation and activists
        • teachers
  • Examples of the projects
  • Forum theatre in Finland and Estonia Forum theater in Finland and Estonia
  • What is forum theatre?
    • created by Augusto Boal (Brazil) in early70´s
    • inspired by Pedagogy of Liberation
    • interactive theatre:
    • audience comes to the stage to solve conflicts through acting
    • can be also a workshop to explore the issues of the participants
    • in Europe and America used by some groups in schools and youth houses:
    • typical themes: bullying, sex, drugs, family problems
  • Photo: Jussi Kareinen
  • Becoming Visible art with asylum seekers
    • some asylum seekers wait for their possible refugee status up to 4 years - insecurity is hard
    • Aims of the project :
    • facilitate the employment of the asylum seekers
    • maintain the mental health during the process
    • create links to the surrounding society - improve the image
    • develop the culture of the centers: participation in cleaning, festivities, running of activities, planning
  • Celebration for Light - procession of lanterns is about to start
  • Kuuluvaks - participatory music making
  • Becoming visible activities...
    • drama for learning Finnish
    • personal future planning workshops
    • forum theatre for conflict resolution
    • celebratory events - Festival of Light
    • workcamps at the farms
    • music research - multicultural band
    • outside visits, workshops etc.
  • Drama Way Drama - a way to social inclusion Photo: Leena Jokinen
  • Photo: Leena Jokinen
  • Photo: Leena Jokinen
  • Kullervo cuts the knife of his dead father in a stone in the bread... Photo: Leena Jokinen
  • Drama Way - national themes...
    • CATALONIA: young immigrants and prisoners (participatory drama)
    • ESTONIA: young people in the rapid change (forum theatre)
    • FINLAND: prevention of substance abuse (Live role games, participatory drama)
    • PORTUGAL: youth and problems of rural areas (Theatre-in-Education; forum theatre)
  • Links…
    • (Canada)
      • Jouni Piekkari, Finland
        • Short biograph
      • Studies:
      • * Candidate of Humanistic Sciences (1995), University of Tampere
      • Subjects: ethnomusicology, social psychology, development studies
      • * Course of Journalism, Laajasalon opisto (1982-3)
      • Work experience :
      • Journalist work
      • * Etelä-Suomen Sanomat (1982-3; 1987)
      • * Finnish Broadcasting Company, radio music journalist (1984)
      • Teacher and course designer:
      • * Full time teacher of applied drama (Turku Polytechnic) (1998-2001)
      • * Applied drama and theatre continuing education courses in various Polytechnics,
      • * Universities and other institutions (1994-)
      • * Socio-cultural work courses, Seinäjoki Polytechnic (1997-)
      • Planning, implementing or consulting of participatory housing area art projects:
      • in towns of Toijala, Nokia, Espoo, Rovaniemi, Kaarina, Turku, Tampere and Tallin (1995-2000)
      • Producer of various cultural exchange projects
      • (some examples):
      • * South-North Theatre workshop between Nordic and SADCC countries,
      • Service Center for Development Cooperation (1990-91)
      • * Finnish-Zambian Pamodzi –community theatre, exhibition, dance and information tour,
      • Service center for development cooperation (KEPA) (1994)
      • * Beural Dyoko Mbira group tour, Finnish Foreign Ministry/KEPA (1996)
      • * 500 years of resistance – Capoeira tours, Service Center for Development cooperation (KEPA)
      • * Vimbuza healing dance tour, Community theatre association NOW
      • * Drama Way (Drama – a way to social inclusion) EU-training project, University of Turku
      • * Näkyväks! – art project for integration of asylum seekers, Turku Polytechnic/ Finnish Red cross
      • Natya Chetana theatre (India) performance and workshop tour (2001)
      • International teaching experience :
      • * Forum theatre training in Estonia, VAT theatre/Theatre Academy of Finland, (1998-9, 2003-4)
      • * Finnish-Zambian theatre exchange project, Polytechnic of Turku, University of Zambia (2001)
      • * Forum theatre workshop in Barcelona, Teatro La Naveva (2002)
      • * workshops and debates in Natya Chetana Folk theatre festival, India (2001)
      • Forum theatre workshop in Portugal, BAAL 17 (2003)
      • Participatory drama workshop in Spain, Patothom (2004)
      • * Labas! Lithuanian –Finnish drama exchange project (2004)
      • Other experience:
      • * Conductor of ethnic music and dance workshops
      • * Production on Finnish folk music and dance productions
      • * Performer of Finnish, Balkan, Brazilian, Balinese and African music, dance or theatre productions in various contexts