Open Source And TESOL


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This presentation was given at the Open Source Day at ADMC in 2004. It looked at how TESOL can possible tap onto the Open Source movement.

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Open Source And TESOL

  1. 1. Open Source and TESOL John Allan Abu Dhabi Men’s College Higher Colleges of Technology United Arab Emirates
  2. 2. Handout <ul><li>Open Source Day at ADMC </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty and students presented </li></ul><ul><li>Many road blocks to implementation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Open Source Defined <ul><li>Not freeware </li></ul><ul><li>Not shareware </li></ul><ul><li>programming code is unlocked </li></ul><ul><li>GNU general public licensing </li></ul><ul><li>most freely available via Internet </li></ul><ul><li>some offer maintenance contracts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Open Source Movement <ul><li>software should be free and that developers cooperate to create more imaginative software in an environment of freedom </li></ul><ul><li>movement has evolved into a major player in the software industry </li></ul><ul><li>Sun, IBM, Oracle, Intel, Disney, Macromedia & NASA </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hackers <ul><li>Open Source was closely linked to the hacker culture in the nineties </li></ul><ul><li>This affiliation is dissipating due to large organizations and governments’ acceptance of Open Source solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source software has spread to every discipline imaginable –why not TESOL? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tools Desktop <ul><li>operating systems </li></ul><ul><li>web browser </li></ul><ul><li>Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>file transfer protocol </li></ul><ul><li>games </li></ul><ul><li>word processor </li></ul><ul><li>spreadsheet </li></ul><ul><li>audio/video player </li></ul><ul><li>scheduler </li></ul><ul><li>presentation </li></ul><ul><li>calculator </li></ul><ul><li>parallels the established software offered by traditional software companies </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tools Creative <ul><li>audio editor and recorder </li></ul><ul><li>video digitizer and editor </li></ul><ul><li>word processor </li></ul><ul><li>spreadsheet </li></ul><ul><li>graphics editor (both vector and raster) </li></ul><ul><li>HTML editor </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>learning management systems </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tools Other <ul><li>learning management system </li></ul><ul><li>video conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>HTML editor </li></ul><ul><li>Windows “emulator” </li></ul><ul><li>network clients </li></ul><ul><li>virtual Network Computing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Open Source Tools <ul><li>Operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>Suse, Red Hat, Mandrake </li></ul>
  10. 10. Open Source Tools <ul><li>learning management system </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle </li></ul>
  11. 11. Open Source & TESOL <ul><li>few Open Source CALL programs available </li></ul><ul><li>could not locate one fully dedicated to TESOL </li></ul><ul><li>will change as the Open Source movement spreads and a few enthusiastic educators lead the way </li></ul>
  12. 12. Open Source & TESOL <ul><li>John Higgins, self-taught programmer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbalist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubleup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FindWord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequitir </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eclipse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MarkUp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sortset </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Open Source & TESOL <ul><li>altruistic creations were eventually emulated or bought by companies such as WIDA & sold </li></ul><ul><li>programs authored in basements of curious TESOL educators, who married the practical TESOL classroom needs with the new technology offered by fundamental computer languages of the period </li></ul><ul><li>BASIC, BBC BASIC and LOGO were used to produce programs which challenged the student to think about the language in ways that simulated realia or classroom activities. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Open Source & TESOL <ul><li>a parallel situation exists </li></ul><ul><li>inquisitive people sharing and building upon each others’ code </li></ul><ul><li>the Internet intensifies the potential of this phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>the promise of groups of hobbyist developers collaborating to create effective and diverse programs for a variety of platforms is unlimited </li></ul><ul><li>These platforms can manifest themselves as web based, CD or DVD based or video </li></ul><ul><li>examples found on the web produced by part-time developers during the nineties as a result of the Macromedia Shockwave and Flash programs </li></ul><ul><li>hundreds of freely available programs of varying qualities and complexities surfaced through personal and institutional websites </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Duber’s website, “Cutting Edge CALL Demos.” Duber locates an emerging technology and creates a CALL program or exercise with it to provide an example of the technology’s potential </li></ul>
  15. 15. Open Source & TESOL Today <ul><li>two advantages for the TESOL profession </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative- Costs for software are negligible, greatly reduced software will allow organization to distribute budgets on other areas of education. Institutions, schools and independent learning centres can provide computers with operating systems, office suites, email clients, internet browsers, and other standard software at extremely low rate. </li></ul><ul><li>inventive activities using standard software have been formalized and published on websites such as Dave’s ESL Café or have been published in print such as the New Ways Series (Boswood, 1997) from TESOL, We Teach technology (Kearsley, 1992) and the Resource Books For Teachers (Hardisty, 1989). These activity resources have been used for the past decade with mainstream office, audio, video and graphical applications. There is no adaptation necessary of these activities to Open Source software. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Needs to mature in TESOL community </li></ul><ul><li>However, allows administrative,communicative </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive,productive,pedagogical tasks without the hindrance of expensive site licenses. </li></ul><ul><li>wide variety of software available to teachers, administrators and support staff </li></ul><ul><li>software offers flexibility and room for experimentation for the TESOL profession </li></ul>