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  • 1. The Military Draft Lottery In the Vietnam Era
  • 2. Objectives
    Identify Characteristics of the Vietnam Era Draft
    Develop an opinion about the legitimacy of a selective service draft
    Use Primary sources to begin to understand what the war was like for soldiers
  • 3. Where are the Troops Coming From?
    Enlisting or Draft
    Tradition of Service in America
    Enlisting 18-35 yrs old (17 with consent)
    Learn a trade, get away from home, prove yourself, poor-self advancement
  • 4. A Little Draft History
    Selective Service Act of 1940
    First peace-time draft in U.S.
    Men ages 21-35
    After Pearl Harbor 18-65 had to register but 18-45 were liable for service
  • 5. Draft Classifications
    1A – Ready to go, First in Line
    Others
  • 6. Draft During WWII and Korean War
    WWII - Over 10 million men inducted
    1948 – new Selective Service Act (ages 19-26)
    The 1948 law was the law that defined Vietnam draft.
    During the 50’s and early 60’s men were being drafted on a ranked order
    1950-1953 – 1.5 Million men
  • 7. Draft Lottery for Vietnam
    December 1, 1969 – First lottery since 1942
    Determined call order for 1970
    Based on birthdays for men who would be ages 20 through 26 in 1970 (1944-1950)
    Draft Video
  • 8. Vietnam Lottery
    366 Blue Capsules
    Radio, TV, and Film Coverage
    September 14th and June 8th
    850,000 men were affected
    First year, they called 195 Numbers
    1970 Lottery for men who would be 20
    Find your own Draft Number Activity
  • 9. Conscription by the Numbers
  • 10. More Numbers
  • 11. Draft Dodging
    Many people unhappy about the draft
    College deferments, medical conditions, fake?
    Draft was unfair for the less wealthy?
    100,000 people avoided the draft
    50,000-70,000 to Canada
    The Things They Carried
  • 12. Not Quite Draft Dodging
    Conscientious Objectors
    “Nothing contained in this Act shall be constructed to require any person to be subject to combatant training and service in the land and naval forces of the United States who, by reason of religious training and belief, is conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form.”
    “Any such person claiming such exemption from combatant training and service because of such conscientious objections whose claim is sustained by the local draft board shall, if he is inducted into the land or naval forces under this Act, be assigned to noncombatant service as defined by the President, or shall if he is found to be conscientiously opposed to participation in such noncombatant service, in lieu of such induction, be assigned to work of national importance under civilian direction.”
  • 13. End of Conscription
    Nixon wanted All-Volunteer Army
    Did he bow to pressure?
    Conscription ends July 1, 1973
    Registration was suspended in 1975
  • 14. Selective Service Today
    Selective Service Still Exists
    Within 30 days of turning 18
    Felony, 5 years in jail or $25,000 fine
    91 % of American men aged 18-25 are registered
    96% of Draft Eligible men (20-25) are registered
    Selective Service has 14 million names and addresses on file of 18-25 year olds.
  • 15. Selective Service Today
    No one has been drafted since 1973
    “Contingency Plan”
    http://www.sss.gov/