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05 eisenhower alliances

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From class 2.16 and 2.17 …

From class 2.16 and 2.17
Dwight Eisenhower foreign policy and Alliances.
Goes with Chapter 16, section 1


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Transcript

  • 1. Eisenhower and Alliances
    The Cold War in the 1950’s
  • 2. What Should You Know
    Define the terms associated with Eisenhower’s foreign policy.
    What happens with Soviet-U.S. relations after 1955?
    What are several Cold War world organizations or alliances?
    What does reading the founding documents of these organizations show us about the Cold War?
    Perfect Summary of the entire Cold War
    As you watch, jot down 2 familiar concepts that we have discussed already.
  • 3. 1952
    Successful General
    Worked well with Truman and FDR
    America wanted him as President
  • 4. Augusta National G.C.
  • 5. Ike is Elected
    One of the main issues was Korean War
    Eisenhower promised to go to Korea to end the war
    Once elected, as promised, he went to Korea in 1952 to revive the stalled peace talks
    Cease-fire was not reached until 1953
  • 6. Eisenhower Foreign Policies
    John Foster Dulles – Secretary of State
    Wanted to take a further step than just containment
    Dulles and Eisenhower wanted to “roll back” communism…get some democracies back
    Brinksmanship – through words and actions, going to the brink of war without getting into war
    Use of a lot of threats
  • 7. Massive Retaliation – promise to settle any conflict by using overwhelming force vs. Soviets (nuclear)
    CIA– formed in 1947 – revved up in 1950’s under Ike
    Eisenhower Doctrine - declared the right of the United States to help, on request, any nation in the Middle East trying to resist armed Communist aggression.
    Eisenhower Foreign Policies
  • 8. Changes in the Soviet Union?
    Stalin Dies in 1953
    • Nikita Khrushchev
  • U.S. Soviet Relations
    U.S. and Soviets met for the first time since end of war
    1955 summit in Geneva Switzerland
    Eisenhower proposes “open skies” treaty – rejected
    1960 – American U-2 Spy Plane shot down over USSR
    Badly damaged relations
  • 9. World Organizations and Alliances
    United Nations – founded by 51 countries in 1945
    Maintain International security and peace
    China, Soviet Union, U.K., U.S., France
    General Assembly and Security Council
  • 10. World Organizations and Alliances
    NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    1948 and 1949 – Several Western European Nations plus U.S. and Canada (26 countries today)
    Fear of the size of Soviet army
    Band together for mutual defense
  • 11. World Organizations and Alliances
    Warsaw Pact – 1955 (1991)
    Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance
    Mutual defense treaty agreed to by 8 Soviet bloc countries
    Triggered by the 1955 entrance of West Germany into NATO
    Soviet Union, Romania, Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Albania
    All Communist governments
  • 12. Founding Documents
    United Nations
    North Atlantic Treaty
    Warsaw Pact
  • 13. Homework
    Analyze your results from the OGT Test by filling out Student Self-Check and Reflection – This is a graded HW assignment. Everyone must fill out their sheet because no one got a perfect.
    Read Chapter 16 Section 2 and Chapter 17 Section 1 – Questions - It will not be counted against you if you don’t do them, but if you want HW points, you may answer the Section 1 assessment questions on page 534. (1 a and b); 2 (a and b); 3 (a and b); 4 (a, b, and c)