05 eisenhower alliances


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From class 2.16 and 2.17
Dwight Eisenhower foreign policy and Alliances.
Goes with Chapter 16, section 1

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05 eisenhower alliances

  1. 1. Eisenhower and Alliances<br />The Cold War in the 1950’s<br />
  2. 2. What Should You Know<br />Define the terms associated with Eisenhower’s foreign policy. <br />What happens with Soviet-U.S. relations after 1955?<br />What are several Cold War world organizations or alliances?<br />What does reading the founding documents of these organizations show us about the Cold War?<br />Perfect Summary of the entire Cold War<br />As you watch, jot down 2 familiar concepts that we have discussed already.<br />
  3. 3. 1952<br />Successful General<br />Worked well with Truman and FDR<br />America wanted him as President<br />
  4. 4. Augusta National G.C.<br />
  5. 5. Ike is Elected<br />One of the main issues was Korean War<br />Eisenhower promised to go to Korea to end the war<br />Once elected, as promised, he went to Korea in 1952 to revive the stalled peace talks<br />Cease-fire was not reached until 1953<br />
  6. 6. Eisenhower Foreign Policies<br />John Foster Dulles – Secretary of State<br />Wanted to take a further step than just containment<br />Dulles and Eisenhower wanted to “roll back” communism…get some democracies back<br />Brinksmanship – through words and actions, going to the brink of war without getting into war<br />Use of a lot of threats<br />
  7. 7. Massive Retaliation – promise to settle any conflict by using overwhelming force vs. Soviets (nuclear)<br />CIA– formed in 1947 – revved up in 1950’s under Ike<br />Eisenhower Doctrine - declared the right of the United States to help, on request, any nation in the Middle East trying to resist armed Communist aggression.<br />Eisenhower Foreign Policies<br />
  8. 8. Changes in the Soviet Union?<br />Stalin Dies in 1953<br /><ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev </li></li></ul><li>U.S. Soviet Relations<br />U.S. and Soviets met for the first time since end of war<br />1955 summit in Geneva Switzerland<br />Eisenhower proposes “open skies” treaty – rejected<br />1960 – American U-2 Spy Plane shot down over USSR<br />Badly damaged relations<br />
  9. 9. World Organizations and Alliances<br />United Nations – founded by 51 countries in 1945<br />Maintain International security and peace<br />China, Soviet Union, U.K., U.S., France<br />General Assembly and Security Council<br />
  10. 10. World Organizations and Alliances<br />NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization<br />1948 and 1949 – Several Western European Nations plus U.S. and Canada (26 countries today)<br />Fear of the size of Soviet army<br />Band together for mutual defense<br />
  11. 11. World Organizations and Alliances<br />Warsaw Pact – 1955 (1991)<br />Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance<br />Mutual defense treaty agreed to by 8 Soviet bloc countries<br />Triggered by the 1955 entrance of West Germany into NATO<br />Soviet Union, Romania, Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Albania<br />All Communist governments<br />
  12. 12. Founding Documents<br />United Nations<br />North Atlantic Treaty<br />Warsaw Pact<br />
  13. 13. Homework<br />Analyze your results from the OGT Test by filling out Student Self-Check and Reflection – This is a graded HW assignment. Everyone must fill out their sheet because no one got a perfect.<br />Read Chapter 16 Section 2 and Chapter 17 Section 1 – Questions - It will not be counted against you if you don’t do them, but if you want HW points, you may answer the Section 1 assessment questions on page 534. (1 a and b); 2 (a and b); 3 (a and b); 4 (a, b, and c)<br />