03 korean war

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Goes along with Chapter 15 Section 4

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03 korean war

  1. 1. Korean War<br />
  2. 2. What Should You Know<br />What were some characteristics of the Koreas?<br />U.S. Response…what did they do? How did they get help?<br />What was the Korean War like? How did it progress?<br />What was/is unusual about how the Korean War ended?<br />
  3. 3. North Korea<br />Soviet-Influence<br />Democratic People’s Republic of Korea<br />Communist<br />Kim Il Sung<br />Reunify under communism<br />South Korea<br />U.S. -Influence<br />Republic of Korea<br />Democratic<br />Syngman Rhee<br />Reunify under Democracy<br />
  4. 4. The War Begins<br />June 25th, 1950 – more than 100,000 North Korean troops invaded the South in an effort to force reunification.<br />This invasion caught the world by surprise<br />U.S. had been withdrawing troops<br />Truman believed that Korea was where the U.S. needed to make a stand against communism<br />Inaction could signal other countries that the U.S. was unwilling to help defend freedom<br />“We’ll have a dozen Koreas soon if we don’t take a firm stand.” – Dwight Eisenhower<br />
  5. 5. The War Begins<br />Within days of the invasion, Seoul was captured<br />Truman ordered Navy and Air Force to support the South Koreans<br />United Nations involvement<br />Security Council was asked to approve the use of force.<br />Security Council votes approval without Soviets present<br />Truman orders U.S. ground troops into action. – never declared war.<br />U.N. Police Action – 15 nations, 40,000 troops under command of McArthur<br />
  6. 6. 260,000 Chinese troops enter fight<br />Stalemate<br />1 year<br />80,000 Americans wounded, 14,000 dead<br />Other countries suffered too<br />U.N offensive until November 1950<br />October<br />U.N. advance<br />70,000 U.N Troops Land<br />@ Inchon<br />Chinese advance<br />130 mile line defending Pusan<br />
  7. 7. Wikipedia Map<br />
  8. 8. Unsuccessful Peace<br />Summer of 1951 – peace talks started<br />Could not agree on border<br />Summer and Fall - sides continued to strengthen positions and occasionally fight – many casualties<br />Fall of 1951 – disagreements over return of prisoners<br />Continued this way in 1952<br />Finally, in July 1953 – no Treaty, but an armistice<br />
  9. 9. From 1950-1953<br />Casualties:<br />U.S. – 37K<br />U.N. – 60K<br />Communists – 2 Million<br />Korean Civilians – 3 Million<br />
  10. 10. Korea Today<br />Pictures from the DMZ<br />

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