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01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
01 introduction to the cold war
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01 introduction to the cold war

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Goes along with Chapter 15 Section 1

Goes along with Chapter 15 Section 1

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Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to the Cold War
  • 2. Agenda
    Objective – understand the transition from the warm alliances of WWII to the Cold War
    Quick Video
    Some Notes
    Readings from Churchill and Stalin
  • 3. Quick Clips
    Part 1
    Part 2
  • 4. Tensions Rise During War
    As far back as the 1920’s and ‘30’s
    Americans did not like the idea of communism
  • 5. Tensions Rise During War
    U.S./Britain and Soviets supported each other but constantly disagreed over strategy
    U.S. was too slow to invade
    Soviets acquired a lot of territory – failed to allow free democratic elections
    Atomic Bomb – the decision to drop it
    Communism spread throughout Eastern Europe
  • 6. Iron Curtain
  • 7. Containment and Truman Doctrine
    Containment – U.S. policy developed in the late 1940’s that stated the U.S. should resist Soviet attempts to expand its power and influence wherever it occurred (military and economic)
    1947 - Greece and Turkey
  • 8. Containment and Truman Doctrine
    Truman Doctrine –
    “ I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation [forced control] by armed minorities or outside pressures…I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.” – March 12, 1947
  • 9. Marshall Plan
    Specific U.S. financial aid program that was designed to rebuild the economies of European countries
    $13.4 Billion for 17 countries (Britain, France, Italy received the most)
    “…revival of working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.” – George Marshall - June 1947
  • 10. Berlin Blockade
    Division of the city of Berlin
    Western powers made West Berlin a free and democratic city
    Soviets removed a lot of infrastructure from East Berlin
    Soviets blockaded all land routes into West Berlin – June 1948
    U.S. and its allies flew non-stop flights to provide supplies to West Berlin
    Blockade lifted in May of 1949 – 280,000 flights
  • 11. Reading Primary Sources
    Winston Churchill – Speech in the U.S.
    Josef Stalin – Interview with Soviet Magazine
    March, 1946
    What does Churchill believe about the relationship between U.S./Britain and Soviets?
    What does Stalin say about Churchill’s words?
    How does Stalin’s response indicate the growing tension?

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