Tensions Rise During War As far back as the 1920’s and ‘30’s Americans did not like the idea of communism
Tensions Rise During War U.S./Britain and Soviets supported each other but constantly disagreed over strategy U.S. was too slow to invade Soviets acquired a lot of territory – failed to allow free democratic elections Atomic Bomb – the decision to drop it Communism spread throughout Eastern Europe
Containment and Truman Doctrine Containment – U.S. policy developed in the late 1940’s that stated the U.S. should resist Soviet attempts to expand its power and influence wherever it occurred (military and economic) 1947 - Greece and Turkey
Containment and Truman Doctrine Truman Doctrine – “ I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation [forced control] by armed minorities or outside pressures…I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.” – March 12, 1947
Marshall Plan Specific U.S. financial aid program that was designed to rebuild the economies of European countries $13.4 Billion for 17 countries (Britain, France, Italy received the most) “…revival of working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.” – George Marshall - June 1947
Berlin Blockade Division of the city of Berlin Western powers made West Berlin a free and democratic city Soviets removed a lot of infrastructure from East Berlin Soviets blockaded all land routes into West Berlin – June 1948 U.S. and its allies flew non-stop flights to provide supplies to West Berlin Blockade lifted in May of 1949 – 280,000 flights
Reading Primary Sources Winston Churchill – Speech in the U.S. Josef Stalin – Interview with Soviet Magazine March, 1946 What does Churchill believe about the relationship between U.S./Britain and Soviets? What does Stalin say about Churchill’s words? How does Stalin’s response indicate the growing tension?