01 introduction to the cold war

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Goes along with Chapter 15 Section 1

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01 introduction to the cold war

  1. 1. Introduction to the Cold War<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Objective – understand the transition from the warm alliances of WWII to the Cold War<br />Quick Video<br />Some Notes<br />Readings from Churchill and Stalin<br />
  3. 3. Quick Clips<br />Part 1<br />Part 2<br />
  4. 4. Tensions Rise During War<br />As far back as the 1920’s and ‘30’s<br />Americans did not like the idea of communism<br />
  5. 5. Tensions Rise During War<br />U.S./Britain and Soviets supported each other but constantly disagreed over strategy<br />U.S. was too slow to invade<br />Soviets acquired a lot of territory – failed to allow free democratic elections<br />Atomic Bomb – the decision to drop it<br />Communism spread throughout Eastern Europe<br />
  6. 6. Iron Curtain<br />
  7. 7. Containment and Truman Doctrine<br />Containment – U.S. policy developed in the late 1940’s that stated the U.S. should resist Soviet attempts to expand its power and influence wherever it occurred (military and economic)<br />1947 - Greece and Turkey<br />
  8. 8. Containment and Truman Doctrine<br />Truman Doctrine –<br />“ I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation [forced control] by armed minorities or outside pressures…I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.” – March 12, 1947<br />
  9. 9. Marshall Plan<br />Specific U.S. financial aid program that was designed to rebuild the economies of European countries<br />$13.4 Billion for 17 countries (Britain, France, Italy received the most)<br />“…revival of working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.” – George Marshall - June 1947<br />
  10. 10. Berlin Blockade<br />Division of the city of Berlin<br />Western powers made West Berlin a free and democratic city<br />Soviets removed a lot of infrastructure from East Berlin<br />Soviets blockaded all land routes into West Berlin – June 1948<br />U.S. and its allies flew non-stop flights to provide supplies to West Berlin<br />Blockade lifted in May of 1949 – 280,000 flights<br />
  11. 11. Reading Primary Sources<br />Winston Churchill – Speech in the U.S. <br />Josef Stalin – Interview with Soviet Magazine<br />March, 1946<br />What does Churchill believe about the relationship between U.S./Britain and Soviets?<br />What does Stalin say about Churchill’s words?<br />How does Stalin’s response indicate the growing tension?<br />

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