WEST AFRICA
Countries of West Africa <ul><li>Country - Capital  </li></ul><ul><li>Benin - Porto Novo </li></ul><ul><li>Burkina Faso - ...
Physical Geographical Features of W.A. <ul><li>Rivers Bodies of Water </li></ul><ul><li>The Niger River Atlantic Ocean </l...
Economic Activities in West Africa <ul><li>Hunting, Fishing, Forestry: mostly along coast and deltas </li></ul><ul><li>Sub...
Climate and Vegetation in W.Africa <ul><li>Tropical Wet </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Wet and Dry </li></ul><ul><li>Semiarid ...
Economic Hubs of West Africa <ul><li>Dakar </li></ul><ul><li>Accra </li></ul><ul><li>Lagos </li></ul><ul><li>Abuja </li></...
Languages in W.Africa <ul><li>Wolof </li></ul><ul><li>Fulani </li></ul><ul><li>Bambara </li></ul><ul><li>Akan </li></ul><u...
Cultural aspects of W.Africa <ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Animism </li></ul><ul><li>Mbal...
History of W. Africa <ul><li>Rich in natural resources West Africa is known for their historical trading empires: </li></u...
Slave Trade, briefly <ul><li>Not long after the Songhai Empire, the slave trade expanded in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>...
Literature of the Area <ul><li>Achebe </li></ul><ul><li>Abani </li></ul><ul><li>Ba </li></ul><ul><li>Okri </li></ul><ul><l...
What will you do? <ul><li>You may choose to work individually or in a group of two or three to explore some aspect of West...
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West Africa, Part One

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notes on west africa - GEO 10

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West Africa, Part One

  1. 1. WEST AFRICA
  2. 2. Countries of West Africa <ul><li>Country - Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Benin - Porto Novo </li></ul><ul><li>Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou </li></ul><ul><li>Côte d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro </li></ul><ul><li>Cape Verde - Praia </li></ul><ul><li>The Gambia - Banjul </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana - Accra </li></ul><ul><li>Guinea - Conakry </li></ul><ul><li>Guinea-Bissau - Bissau </li></ul><ul><li>Liberia - Monrovia </li></ul><ul><li>Mali - Bamako </li></ul><ul><li>Mauritania - Noukchott </li></ul><ul><li>Niger - Niamey </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria - Abuja </li></ul><ul><li>Senegal - Dakar </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone - Freetown </li></ul><ul><li>Togo - Lome </li></ul>
  3. 3. Physical Geographical Features of W.A. <ul><li>Rivers Bodies of Water </li></ul><ul><li>The Niger River Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Senegal River Gulf of Guinea </li></ul><ul><li>Gambia River Niger Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Volta River </li></ul><ul><li>Benue River </li></ul><ul><li>Landforms </li></ul><ul><li>Highest elevation: Mount Dimlang - Nigeria 6700 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Also: the Sahel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Economic Activities in West Africa <ul><li>Hunting, Fishing, Forestry: mostly along coast and deltas </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence Farming: along Sahel </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Farming: Casamance, Gambia, pockets of areas with a lot of rain </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic Herding: Mauritania, Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing and Trade: Dakar, Lagos, Accra </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: Gold, Diamonds, Manganese, Petroleum, Phosphate </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate and Vegetation in W.Africa <ul><li>Tropical Wet </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Wet and Dry </li></ul><ul><li>Semiarid </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Rain Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Grassland </li></ul><ul><li>Swamp </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Cropland </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economic Hubs of West Africa <ul><li>Dakar </li></ul><ul><li>Accra </li></ul><ul><li>Lagos </li></ul><ul><li>Abuja </li></ul><ul><li>What land use patterns do these cities follow? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Languages in W.Africa <ul><li>Wolof </li></ul><ul><li>Fulani </li></ul><ul><li>Bambara </li></ul><ul><li>Akan </li></ul><ul><li>Mende </li></ul><ul><li>Yoruba </li></ul><ul><li>Igbo </li></ul><ul><li>Hausa </li></ul><ul><li>More </li></ul><ul><li>Predominately of Niger-Congo language branch </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cultural aspects of W.Africa <ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Animism </li></ul><ul><li>Mbalax </li></ul><ul><li>Highlife </li></ul><ul><li>Fuji </li></ul><ul><li>Afrobeat </li></ul><ul><li>Djembe </li></ul><ul><li>Sabar </li></ul><ul><li>Boubou </li></ul><ul><li>Foo-foo </li></ul>
  9. 9. History of W. Africa <ul><li>Rich in natural resources West Africa is known for their historical trading empires: </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana Empire : 800 AD - mostly gold and salt </li></ul><ul><li>Mali Empire : 13th century AD - Sundiata - defeated Ghana; continued to export gold; by 1350 2/3 of gold came from W. Africa (see Musa I) </li></ul><ul><li>Songhai Empire : replaced Mali by 1400; taken over by Moroccan empire after </li></ul><ul><li>See also Ashanti Empire, Oyo, </li></ul>
  10. 10. Slave Trade, briefly <ul><li>Not long after the Songhai Empire, the slave trade expanded in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Principal areas of slave trade: Bight of Benin (Togo, Benin, Nigeria), Bight of Biafra (Nigeria, central African countries), Gold Coast (Ghana), Senegambia, Upper Guinea, Windward Coast (Liberia, Ivory Coast </li></ul><ul><li>See Goree Island, James Island (Fort Gambia) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Literature of the Area <ul><li>Achebe </li></ul><ul><li>Abani </li></ul><ul><li>Ba </li></ul><ul><li>Okri </li></ul><ul><li>Senghor </li></ul>
  12. 12. What will you do? <ul><li>You may choose to work individually or in a group of two or three to explore some aspect of West Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of my presentation was to get you to think about what you want to research. </li></ul><ul><li>You must select two of the following topics (but not limited to) to research: </li></ul><ul><li>music, clothing/body decoration/diet, natural resources, traditional festivals, government, HIV/AIDS, climate, vegetation, tourism, malaria and other epidemic diseases, emigration, civil wars/rebellions, education, colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>If you have other ideas, please let me know. You will present your findings through a powerpoint or on the class wiki page. Due Date: </li></ul>
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