A closer look: North and South Korea The Korean Peninsula
Physical Geographical Isolation <ul><li>The history of Korea is directly related to the physical geography of the Korean peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>East = Sea of Japan; West = Yellow Sea; South = Korea Strait; North = China and Russian Siberia </li></ul><ul><li>First Koreans possibly migrated from Manchuria and North China thousands of years ago </li></ul><ul><li>2000 BC first state - called Chosen </li></ul><ul><li>100 BC China conquered northern half of peninsula, at this point Korea becomes point between China and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>By late 300s the Three Kingdoms - Koguryo in northeast, Paekche in southwest, Silla - southeast; The Silla later conquered the other two kingdoms to take control </li></ul><ul><li>In 1392 Yi Songgye became ruler of Korea, established dynasty; ended in 1910 Japan took control, ruled until end of World War II - 1945 </li></ul>
A divided peninsula <ul><li>After Japan’s defeat, the northern part of Korea was controlled by Soviet Union, southern half supported by US. </li></ul><ul><li>1950: Korean troops from north invaded south and thus the Korean War began. </li></ul><ul><li>The war ended in 1953 that divided the peninsula into two nations: Communist North Korea and Democratic South Korea </li></ul>
Influences on Korean Culture <ul><li>Chinese influences: Confucianism, Buddhism - made entrance to Korea by way of China </li></ul><ul><li>Communism - from Russia, China influenced N. Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy - from Western world </li></ul>
Unification? <ul><li>Over two million troops guard the borders </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000 leaders of N. and S. Korea held a summit dedicated to unifying the two countries </li></ul><ul><li>Olympics 2000 two nations, one flag </li></ul>
Two Nations Industry, marketing Industry, services, agriculture Economy Korean Korean Language President: Lee Myung-bak P.M.: Han Seung-soo Kim Il-sung Government leader $20,015 US $1,114 US GDP per capita 49 million 23 million Population 38,622 sq mi 46,528 sq mi Total Area Semi-presidential republic Single-party communist state Government Seoul Pyongyang Capital South Korea North Korea
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