East Asia 1


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East Asia 1

  1. 1. EAST ASIA
  2. 2. Countries and Capitals <ul><li>Beijing, China </li></ul><ul><li>Tokyo, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>Pyongyang, North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Seoul, South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Taipei, Taiwan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Physical Features <ul><li>Altai Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolian Plateau </li></ul><ul><li>Gobi Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Plateau of Tibet </li></ul><ul><li>Junggar Basin </li></ul><ul><li>North China Plain </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Gongga Shan </li></ul><ul><li>Manchurian Plain </li></ul><ul><li>Kongur Mt. </li></ul><ul><li>South China Sea </li></ul><ul><li>East China Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Sea of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Korea Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf of Tonkin </li></ul><ul><li>Tarim He River </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow River (Huang He) </li></ul><ul><li>Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and the Three Gorges Dam </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Strait </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Fuji </li></ul><ul><li>Yalu Jiang River </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Cities <ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Kyoto </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai </li></ul>
  5. 5. Landforms and Resources <ul><li>East Asia has high mountains, vast deserts, cold climates, Pacific waters, mostly rugged terrain formed by collision of tectonic plates </li></ul><ul><li>Major mountain ranges: Kunlun Mountains - west of China - source of Huang He and Yangtze; Qinling Shandi Mountains - southeastern and east central China - divides northern par of China from the south </li></ul><ul><li>East Asia also has some low basins and barren deserts - Tarim Pendi Basin and Taklimakan Desert and Gobi Desert - 500,000 square miles </li></ul>
  6. 6. Peninsulas and Islands <ul><li>Shandong Peninsula, Leizhou Peninsula, Macao Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Why are peninsulas important? </li></ul><ul><li>Islands: Hainan, part of Hong Kong, Japan is an island nation </li></ul>
  7. 7. River Systems <ul><li>Huang He - 3,000 miles long, yellow silt and particles of soil make it the Yellow river, many floods in river </li></ul><ul><li>Chang Jiang - aka Yangtze River, longest river in all of Asia - 3,900 miles; from Tibet to East China Sea; major trade route; floods frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Xi Jiang - aka West River, south of China; joins with three other rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Other rivers: Yalu Jiang - part of North Korea </li></ul>
  8. 8. Resources <ul><li>Land and Forests - because of abundant mountains, agriculture is limited; b/c of this China’s population is located in east where river basins are located; in mountainous west regions population is spread out; forests are also abundant - forest reserves in China, Japan, Taiwan, North and South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral and Energy Resources - petroleum, coal, natural gas in China; Korea - coal reserves; Japan - fish, coal; mineral resources - China has iron ore, tungsten, manganese, molybdenum, magnesite, lead, zinc, copper; North and South Korea have tungsten, gold, silver reserves; Japan has lead, silver, coal </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources - China’s systems provide crop irrigation, hydroelectric power, transportation, electricity; also, water resources provide fish, vegetation </li></ul>
  9. 9. CLIMATE AND VEGETATION <ul><li>High Latitude Climate Zones : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subarctic zones - Mongolia’s and China’s northern borders with Russia; summers cool to cold, winters brutally cold; climate is dry; vegetation - evergreen forest - mosses, lichens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highland zones - western China; farther north the latitude equals higher elevation equals colder climate; vegetation - alpine tundra, tundras have no trees, soil a few feet below surface is frozen, only lichens, mosses, shrubs grow </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Mid-Latitude Zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humid Continental - Northeastern China, North Korea, northern South Korea, northern Japan; forests are mainly coniferous, temperate grasslands ideal for grazing (agriculture has transformed land) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humid Subtropical - Southeastern China, southern South Korea, southern Japan, northern Taiwan; forests are deciduous and coniferous </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Dry Zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semiarid - Mongolian Plateau - short grasses, which provide food for grazing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desert - found in west central area - Taklimakan Desert, Gobi Desert (can find dinosaur fossils) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Tropical Zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical Wet - along China’s southeastern coast, the island of Hainan, southern tip of Taiwan; high temperatures, heavy rainfall, high humidity </li></ul></ul>