Chapter Four, Section One
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Chapter Four, Section One



Geo: Chapter Four, Section One

Geo: Chapter Four, Section One



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Chapter Four, Section One Chapter Four, Section One Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter Four: Human Geography People and Places Is this culture?
  • Chapter Four Overview
    • Sections Covered:
    • 1 - The Elements of Culture
    • 2 - Population Geography
    • 3 - Political Geography
    • 4 - Urban Geography
    • 5 - Economic Geography
  • Chapter Four Assessments
    • On-line class blog
    • Book work
    • Take home homework: worksheets
    • Project: Students will research a language that he/she has always wanted to study and give an informative presentation to the class.
    • What other ideas do you have?
    View slide
  • Section: The Elements of Culture
    • What is culture? The total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group.
    • Factors involved with culture:
    • -food and shelter
    • -religion
    • -relationships to family
    • -language
    • -education
    • -security/protection
    • -political and social organization
    • -creative expression
    View slide
    • A group that shares a sense of identity and culture is a society
    • Ethnic Group refers to a group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage
    • --Can you name some ethnic groups in the United States? In Europe? In Africa? In Asia?
    • --Are there any comforts in “labeling” ethnicities? Any discomforts?
    • Culture Change and Exchange
    • Innovation - taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
    • Examples?
    • Diffusion - spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
    • Where might diffusion explode? Where might it happen less frequently?
    • Acculturation - a society or individual changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
    • Do innovations = acculturation? To what extent should acculturation occur?
    • Aspects of Culture
    • Language
      • -reflects all aspects of culture, including the physical area
      • -example: KORITE, a Senegalese term?
      • -language helps establish a cultural identity; builds group identity, sense of unity
      • -3,000 to 6,500 languages spoken across world today
      • -versions of a language are called dialects
      • -language diffusion exists…Swahili - developed as trade language between Arabic traders and Bantu-speaking African tribes…exists through migration - colonialism
      • LOOK at map and diagram on page 74
    • 2) Religion
    • -consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe…is this an adequate definition?
    • -monotheistic: belief in one god
    • -polytheistic: belief in many gods
    • -animistic: belief in divine forces in nature
    • -spread of religions: through converts, conquerors, none…
  • Major Religions
    • Judaism: concentrated in Israel, oldest of Southwest Asian religions, people called Jews, established 3,200 years ago, basic laws in TORAH, monotheistic
    • Christianity: evolved 2,000 years ago from Judaism, monotheistic, based on teachings of Jesus Christ, teachings in BIBLE, recorded in Old and New testament, spread by Paul, three major groups: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox
    • Islam: based on teachings of Prophet Muhammad around 613 AD, people called Muslims, monotheistic, God called Allah, Qur’an, groups: Sunni, Shiite
    • Hinduism: one of oldest religions, 5,000 years old, ethnic religion concentrated in India, generally polytheistic, one divine spirit - Brahman, caste system
    • Buddhism: offshoot of Hinduism, 563 BC in India near Nepal, founder - Siddhartha Gautama, rejects caste system, goal to reach nirvana or enlightened spiritual state, Asia, China, Japan, Korea, several branches - Theravada, Mahayana, Lamaism, Zen
    • Other Asian Practices: Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto
    • Use map on page 76, what patterns do we see?
    • Where are the largest areas of Traditional religions?
    • Where do most Hindus practice and live?
    • Is there a Jewish population in the Southern hemisphere?
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