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Chapter Four, Section One
 

Chapter Four, Section One

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Geo: Chapter Four, Section One

Geo: Chapter Four, Section One

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    Chapter Four, Section One Chapter Four, Section One Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Four: Human Geography People and Places Is this culture?
    • Chapter Four Overview
      • Sections Covered:
      • 1 - The Elements of Culture
      • 2 - Population Geography
      • 3 - Political Geography
      • 4 - Urban Geography
      • 5 - Economic Geography
    • Chapter Four Assessments
      • On-line class blog
      • Book work
      • Take home homework: worksheets
      • Project: Students will research a language that he/she has always wanted to study and give an informative presentation to the class.
      • What other ideas do you have?
    • Section: The Elements of Culture
      • What is culture? The total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group.
      • Factors involved with culture:
      • -food and shelter
      • -religion
      • -relationships to family
      • -language
      • -education
      • -security/protection
      • -political and social organization
      • -creative expression
    • SECTION ONE
      • A group that shares a sense of identity and culture is a society
      • Ethnic Group refers to a group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage
      • --Can you name some ethnic groups in the United States? In Europe? In Africa? In Asia?
      • --Are there any comforts in “labeling” ethnicities? Any discomforts?
    • SECTION ONE
      • Culture Change and Exchange
      • Innovation - taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
      • Examples?
      • Diffusion - spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
      • Where might diffusion explode? Where might it happen less frequently?
      • Acculturation - a society or individual changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
      • Do innovations = acculturation? To what extent should acculturation occur?
    • SECTION ONE
      • Aspects of Culture
      • Language
        • -reflects all aspects of culture, including the physical area
        • -example: KORITE, a Senegalese term?
        • -language helps establish a cultural identity; builds group identity, sense of unity
        • -3,000 to 6,500 languages spoken across world today
        • -versions of a language are called dialects
        • -language diffusion exists…Swahili - developed as trade language between Arabic traders and Bantu-speaking African tribes…exists through migration - colonialism
        • LOOK at map and diagram on page 74
    • SECTION ONE
      • 2) Religion
      • -consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe…is this an adequate definition?
      • -monotheistic: belief in one god
      • -polytheistic: belief in many gods
      • -animistic: belief in divine forces in nature
      • -spread of religions: through converts, conquerors, none…
    •  
    • Major Religions
      • Judaism: concentrated in Israel, oldest of Southwest Asian religions, people called Jews, established 3,200 years ago, basic laws in TORAH, monotheistic
      • Christianity: evolved 2,000 years ago from Judaism, monotheistic, based on teachings of Jesus Christ, teachings in BIBLE, recorded in Old and New testament, spread by Paul, three major groups: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox
      • Islam: based on teachings of Prophet Muhammad around 613 AD, people called Muslims, monotheistic, God called Allah, Qur’an, groups: Sunni, Shiite
      • Hinduism: one of oldest religions, 5,000 years old, ethnic religion concentrated in India, generally polytheistic, one divine spirit - Brahman, caste system
      • Buddhism: offshoot of Hinduism, 563 BC in India near Nepal, founder - Siddhartha Gautama, rejects caste system, goal to reach nirvana or enlightened spiritual state, Asia, China, Japan, Korea, several branches - Theravada, Mahayana, Lamaism, Zen
      • Other Asian Practices: Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto
    • SECTION ONE
      • Use map on page 76, what patterns do we see?
      • Where are the largest areas of Traditional religions?
      • Where do most Hindus practice and live?
      • Is there a Jewish population in the Southern hemisphere?
    • Videos from the Day
      • http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=o4maNtzhL9Q
      • http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=c246fZ-7z1w
      • http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3wLkNQJwUQ