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Chapter 5, Section 3
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Chapter 5, Section 3

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chapter 5, section 3: SOC

chapter 5, section 3: SOC


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  • 1. Chapter 5, section 3
    • Agents of Socialization
    • Goals:
    • To identify the most important agents of socialization in the US.
    • 2. To analyze and discuss how family and education are important social institutions.
  • 2. Agents of socialization
    • Describes the specific individuals, groups, and institutions that enable socialization to take place
  • 3. 1. Family
    • Most important?
    • Deliberate and unintended - how to be or how to do…
    • Do as I say
    • Differs from family to family, ethnicities to ethnicities, religion to religion
  • 4. 2. Peer Group
    • Primary group composed of individuals of equal age and similar social characteristics
    • Peer pressure
    • Different norms and values than larger culture
    • Think about your peer groups, how do you think they have helped you with socialization?
  • 5. 3. School
    • 30 weeks a year at school - major socialization…
    • Deliberate - reading, writing, arithmetic, school dances, clubs, athletic events, patriotism, responsibility
    • Unintended - role models
  • 6. 4. Mass Media
    • Books, films, internet, magazines, newspapers, radio, television
    • Television probably has most influence…or is it the internet?
    • TV = primary after-school activity for 6 to 17 year olds
    • How does this affect us? By 18 kids will have seen 200,000 fictional acts of violence
    • Does TV influence us to be more violent?
    • OR, does TV expand the viewers’ world
  • 7. 5. Resocialization
    • Total institution: setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and are subject to tight control
    • Prisons, military boot camp, monasteries, psychiatric hospitals
    • A break with past experiences and the learning of new values and norms
    • Must strip away semblance of individual identity and replace it with institutional identity