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Chapter 4, Section 4

Chapter 4, Section 4



Geo: Chapter 4, section 4 notes

Geo: Chapter 4, section 4 notes



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    Chapter 4, Section 4 Chapter 4, Section 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 4, Section 4 Urban Geography
    • Goals
      • To explain how urban areas develop
      • To describe common reasons of city locations
      • To identify the basic land-use patterns in cities
      • To describe the functions of cities
    • Growth of Urban Areas
      • -An urban geographer studies how people use space in cities.
      • - cities - areas with large populations and are centers of business and culture
      • - suburbs - built-up area around the central city; mostly residential
      • - metropolitan area - the city and its suburbs; examples: NYC, D.C., Baltimore(B-more)
    • Metamorphosis of a City
      • Urbanization is the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle.
      • How might urbanization affect an area, a society, a culture, a way of life? What factors change?
      • Is urbanization a good or bad thing? Why? Or, does it have advantages and disadvantages?
    • Gentrification…
      • Movement of more affluent individuals into a lower-class area.
      • What is the motivation for this?
      • How does it affect the people living there?
      • Check out this video about Harlem, NY: http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=4yuWVwX9WV0
      • http://current.com/items/76306502_evicted_in_harlem
      • Check out this video about gentrification in NY: http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=m2onQY0m0ig
    • City Locations
      • allow good transportation (river, lake, coast)
      • Natural resources = Sacremento and gold
      • Waterways = Chicago and Great Lakes
      • Economic activity = Pittsburgh and iron
      • Military, cultural, educational reasons
    • Land Use in a City
      • Residential: single-family housing, apartment buildings, etc…
      • Industrial: areas reserved for manufacturing goods
      • Commercial: areas used for private business and buying and selling of retail
      • CBD--central business district- core of a city; business offices and stores
      • Typically, as you move away from CBD, lower land value and less expensive housing
    • Concentric Zone Model
      • Core: CBD
      • Circular model --bull’s-eye
      • Lower income housing closer to CBD
      • What city follows this model?
    • Sector Model
      • CBD in core
      • Activities in wedges or sectors (usually follow transportation lines)
      • Residences in one area, some inter-mixture, but not much
    • Multiple Nuclei Model
      • Nuclei or districts found throughout entire urban area
      • CBD may not be circular
      • Districts and sectors differ in size according to demand
    • Understanding the three models
      • How are these models different? The same?
      • What general concepts of an “urban” area change or stay the same?
      • What happens to business activity in each? Residences?
      • Which model does Dakar most closely follow?
    • Functions of Cities
      • Retail, entertainment, transportation, business, education, government, manufacturing, wholesaling, residential, recreation, religious
      • Manhattan = over 70 museums, subway system
      • Essential=water supply, mass transportation
      • Why are these elements essential?
      • Use real-life cities to explain why…