Chapter 4, Section 4 Urban Geography
Goals <ul><li>To explain how urban areas develop </li></ul><ul><li>To describe common reasons of city locations </li></ul>...
Growth of Urban Areas <ul><li>-An  urban geographer  studies how people use space in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>- cities  -...
Metamorphosis of a City <ul><li>Urbanization  is the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle.  ...
Gentrification… <ul><li>Movement of more affluent individuals into a lower-class area.  </li></ul><ul><li>What is the moti...
City Locations <ul><li>allow good transportation (river, lake, coast) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources = Sacremento and...
Land Use in a City <ul><li>Residential: single-family housing, apartment buildings, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial: are...
Concentric Zone Model <ul><li>Core: CBD </li></ul><ul><li>Circular model --bull’s-eye </li></ul><ul><li>Lower income housi...
Sector Model <ul><li>CBD in core </li></ul><ul><li>Activities in wedges or sectors (usually follow transportation lines) <...
Multiple Nuclei Model <ul><li>Nuclei or districts found throughout entire urban area </li></ul><ul><li>CBD may not be circ...
Understanding the three models <ul><li>How are these models different?  The same? </li></ul><ul><li>What general concepts ...
Functions of Cities <ul><li>Retail, entertainment, transportation, business, education, government, manufacturing, wholesa...
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Chapter 4, Section 4

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Chapter 4, Section 4

  1. 1. Chapter 4, Section 4 Urban Geography
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>To explain how urban areas develop </li></ul><ul><li>To describe common reasons of city locations </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the basic land-use patterns in cities </li></ul><ul><li>To describe the functions of cities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Growth of Urban Areas <ul><li>-An urban geographer studies how people use space in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>- cities - areas with large populations and are centers of business and culture </li></ul><ul><li>- suburbs - built-up area around the central city; mostly residential </li></ul><ul><li>- metropolitan area - the city and its suburbs; examples: NYC, D.C., Baltimore(B-more) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Metamorphosis of a City <ul><li>Urbanization is the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle. </li></ul><ul><li>How might urbanization affect an area, a society, a culture, a way of life? What factors change? </li></ul><ul><li>Is urbanization a good or bad thing? Why? Or, does it have advantages and disadvantages? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gentrification… <ul><li>Movement of more affluent individuals into a lower-class area. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the motivation for this? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it affect the people living there? </li></ul><ul><li>Check out this video about Harlem, NY: http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=4yuWVwX9WV0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://current.com/items/76306502_evicted_in_harlem </li></ul><ul><li>Check out this video about gentrification in NY: http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=m2onQY0m0ig </li></ul>
  6. 6. City Locations <ul><li>allow good transportation (river, lake, coast) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources = Sacremento and gold </li></ul><ul><li>Waterways = Chicago and Great Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Economic activity = Pittsburgh and iron </li></ul><ul><li>Military, cultural, educational reasons </li></ul>
  7. 7. Land Use in a City <ul><li>Residential: single-family housing, apartment buildings, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial: areas reserved for manufacturing goods </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial: areas used for private business and buying and selling of retail </li></ul><ul><li>CBD--central business district- core of a city; business offices and stores </li></ul><ul><li>Typically, as you move away from CBD, lower land value and less expensive housing </li></ul>
  8. 8. Concentric Zone Model <ul><li>Core: CBD </li></ul><ul><li>Circular model --bull’s-eye </li></ul><ul><li>Lower income housing closer to CBD </li></ul><ul><li>What city follows this model? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sector Model <ul><li>CBD in core </li></ul><ul><li>Activities in wedges or sectors (usually follow transportation lines) </li></ul><ul><li>Residences in one area, some inter-mixture, but not much </li></ul>
  10. 10. Multiple Nuclei Model <ul><li>Nuclei or districts found throughout entire urban area </li></ul><ul><li>CBD may not be circular </li></ul><ul><li>Districts and sectors differ in size according to demand </li></ul>
  11. 11. Understanding the three models <ul><li>How are these models different? The same? </li></ul><ul><li>What general concepts of an “urban” area change or stay the same? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens to business activity in each? Residences? </li></ul><ul><li>Which model does Dakar most closely follow? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Functions of Cities <ul><li>Retail, entertainment, transportation, business, education, government, manufacturing, wholesaling, residential, recreation, religious </li></ul><ul><li>Manhattan = over 70 museums, subway system </li></ul><ul><li>Essential=water supply, mass transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Why are these elements essential? </li></ul><ul><li>Use real-life cities to explain why… </li></ul>
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