Ch10part2 Soc
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Ch10part2 Soc

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ch 10 sociology notes - section 2 (part 2)

ch 10 sociology notes - section 2 (part 2)

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Ch10part2 Soc Ch10part2 Soc Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 10, Section 2 (Part ii) Patterns of Minority Group Treatment -official vs. unofficial “policies” within a society
  • Cultural Pluralism
    • Policy allows each group within society to keep its unique cultural identity
    • Ethnic and racial variety encouraged
    • Example: Switzerland has 3 official languages
  • Assimilation
    • Blending of culturally distinct groups into a single group with a common culture and identity
      • Some voluntary
      • Some forced: Turks in Bulgaria in 80s
  • Legal Protection
    • Legal steps to ensure rights are protected
    • Civil Rights Act of 1964, Voting Rights Act of 1965, Race Relations Act 1965
    • Affirmative Action: is it reverse discrimination
  • Segregation
    • Policies that physically separate a minority group from the dominant group
    • -two types: de jure segregation: based on laws; de facto segregation: based on informal norms
    • Jews in Europe in Middle Ages, legal segregation in US in 60s
  • Subjugation
    • Maintaining of control over a group through force
    • Slavery: ownership of one person by another
      • South Africa’s apartheid
  • Population Transfer
    • Dominant group in a society separates itself from a minority group by transferring the minority population to a new territory
      • Directly and indirectly
      • Dominant force makes life so hard they leave - gentrafication?
  • Extermination
    • Genocide: intentional destruction of the entire targeted population
      • Jews in Russia - Czar Alexander
      • Jews in Holocaust
      • Tasmanians
      • Khoikhois of Southern Africa
      • Ethnic cleansing: removing a group from a particular area through terror, expulsion, mass murder