Ancient influence on europe and the world
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Ancient influence on europe and the world

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notes on Ancient Europe - Greek and Roman civilizations

notes on Ancient Europe - Greek and Roman civilizations

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Ancient influence on europe and the world Ancient influence on europe and the world Presentation Transcript

  • ANCIENT INFLUENCE ON EUROPE AND THE WORLD How have ancient civilizations affected present day Europe?
  • Birthplace of Democracy?
    • 2000 BC – folks from north moved to Balkan peninsula
    • Villages were built, but isolated because of mountains
    • Separate city-states were created
    • Athens city-state – developed first democracy
    • 400 BCs – internal conflict weakened Greece, wars with Sparta
    • By 338 BC Macedonia conquered Greece – Alexander the Great was Macedonian – he spread his empire into Iran, North Africa
  • The Greatness
  • His territory
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  •  
  • A growing power in the West
    • Rome’s republic – citizens elect representatives to rule in their name – 275 BC Rome led most of peninsula
    • Grew by conquering overseas territories
    • Power stretched too far, emperor needed
    • Christianity becomes empirical religion by late 300s AD
    • 395 AD – empire split into Eastern and Western empires
    • 476 AD – Western empire fell to German invaders to the north
    • Eastern empire ruled for another 1000 years…
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  • The big schism…
    • Split had affect on religion, art, culture
      • Religious beliefs – Eastern Orthodox Christianity, Roman Catholicism
        • Catholicism influenced western Europe, exploration, the Crusades, the rest is history…
      • Byzantine Empire – Greek in history, language
  • Overextending questions on area
    • What effect did Roman conquest have on language?
    • How did the division affect religion, art, culture, history?
    • Without these empires would Europe be what it is today? How might the world be different without their territorial control?
    • How might these civilizations, empires affect life today?