Decision Making What is Decision Making? 2. Barriers to GoodDecision Making Decision Making 3. Decision Making Process 5.Protective & Risk Factors in Decision Making 4.ABCDE of Decision Making
Decision making is the thinking process leading to the selection of a course of action among alternatives. Every decision making process produces a final choice. It can be an action or an opinion. What is decision making
Decision making begins when we need to do something but we do not know what. Therefore, decision making is a reasoning process It could be rational or irrational What is decision making
What Prevents Good Decision Making Being too hasty - Making quick decisions without having much thought. Being too narrow - Decision making is based on very little or no information.
Being scattered - Our thoughts in making decisions are disconnected or disorganized. Fuzzy - Sometimes, the lack of clarity on important aspects of a decision causes us to overlook certain important points. What Prevents Good Decision Making
Define the decision clearly. Consider all the possible choices. Gather all relevant information and evaluate all the pros and cons of each possible choice. Select the choice that seems to best meet the needs of the situation. Implement a plan of action and then monitor the results, making necessary adjustments. The Decision Making Process
E = EVALUATE Evaluate the choice you made and the positive / negative consequences.
PROTECTIVE FACTORSPOSITIVE DECISION MAKING Loving, functional family Involved in school activities Positive self – esteem Clear goals and plans to reach them Close friends Regularly practicing one’s faith Sense of accomplishment at school Healthful attitude about competition Follows community rules A plan to cope with life’s stressors
RISK FACTORSNEGATIVE DECISION MAKING Dysfunctional family Low self-esteem Unable to resist peer pressure or influence Lacking faith experiences Family disruptions Experiencing depression Academic or athletic pressure