Effective Power Point
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Effective Power Point

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Effective Power Point Effective Power Point Presentation Transcript

  • Designing Effective PowerPoint Presentations
  • Designing Effective PowerPoint Presentation
    • Click the words to explore
    • Press <-- to go back
    • Press Esc to stop
    Simple Consistent Clear Big Progressive Summary
  • Make It Big
  • Make it Big (Text)
    • This is Arial 12
    • This is Arial 18
    • This is Arial 24
    • This is Arial 32
    • This is Arial 36
    • This is Arial 44
  • Make it Big (Text)
    • This is Arial 12
    • This is Arial 18
    • This is Arial 24
    • This is Arial 32
    • This is Arial 36
    • This is Arial 44
    Too Small
  • Make It Big (How to Estimate)
    • Look at it from 2 meters away
    2 m
  • Keep It Simple
  • Keep It Simple (Text)
    • T o o m a n y c o l o r s
    • Too Many Fonts and Styles
    • The 6 x 6 rule
      • No more than 6 lines per slide
      • No more than 6 words per line
    • Limit your font types to two per presentation
  • Keep It Simple (Text)
    • Making Maps: In 1569, a geographer named Gerhardus Mercator created a flat map to help sailors navigate long journeys around the globe. To make his map flat, Mercator expanded the area between longitudes near the poles. Mercator’s map was very useful to sailors. They made careful notes about the distortions they found on their journeys. More than 400 years later, those notes and the Mercator projection, or method of putting a map of the Earth onto a flat piece of paper, aer used by nearly all deep-sea navigators.
    • (World Explorer, Prentice Hall, 2005)
    Too detailed !
  • Keep It Simple (Text)
    • Gerhardus Mercator created flat map
    • Helped sailors navigate
    • Mercator expanded the area around the poles
    • Map was very useful to sailors
      • Made notes about distortions
    • Sailors notes and Mercator projections still used today
    • (World Explorer, Prentice Hall, 2005)
    Making Maps: Much Simpler
  • Falling Leaves Observed Too detailed ! 3,045,654 9,532,111 12,234,123 December 6,678,125 478,023 5,864,034 November 5,596,096 9,945,890 2,608,096 October 9,950,498 18,923,239 4,032,045 September 17,230,095 18,107,110 8,674,234 August 18,885,786 15,347,934 8,890,345 July 4,123,656 678,095 16,184,345 June 14,856,456 10,345,394 8,036,897 May 7,940,096 10,870,954 16,098,897 April 16,034,786 6,567,123 17,234,778 March 16,128,234 12,345,567 1,078,456 February 3,034,564 14,123,654 11,532,234 January New Hope Chalfont Doylestown
  • Falling Leaves in Millions Much Simpler 3 9 12 December 6 0 5 November 5 9 2 October 9 18 4 September 17 18 8 August 18 15 8 July 4 0 16 June 14 10 8 May 7 10 16 April 16 6 17 March 16 12 1 February 3 14 11 January New Hope Chalfont Doylestown In 10 6
  • Falling Leaves Too detailed !
  • Falling Leaves Much Simpler
  • Keep It Simple (Picture)
    • Art work may distract your audience
    • Artistry does not substitute for content
  • Keep It Simple (Sound)
    • Sound effects may distract too
    • Use sound only when necessary
  • Keep It Simple (Transition)
    • This transition is annoying, not enhancing
    • &quot;Appear&quot; and &quot;Disappear&quot; are better
  • Keep It Simple (Animation) 2 m Too distracting !
  • Keep It Simple (Animation) Simple & to the point 2 m
  • Make It Clear
  • Make It Clear (Capitalization)
    • ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ
    • Upper and lower case letters are easier
    • Sanserif Z
    • Serif Z
    Make It Clear (Fonts) busy clear
    • Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen
    • Sanserif fonts are clearer
    • Italics are difficult to read on screen
    • Normal or bold fonts are clearer
    • Underlines may signify hyperlinks
    • Instead, use colors to emphasise
    Make It Clear (Fonts)
  • Make It Clear (Numbers)
    • Use numbers for lists with sequence
    • For example:
    • How to put an elephant into a fridge?
    • 1. Open the door of the fridge
    • 2. Put the elephant in
    • 3. Close the door
  • Make It Clear (Numbers)
    • How to put a giraffe into a fridge?
    • 1. Open the door of the fridge
    • 2. Take out the elephant
    • 3. Put the giraffe in
    • 4. Close the door
  • Make It Clear (Bullets)
    • Use bullets to show a list without
    • Priority
    • Sequence
    • Hierarchy, …..
  • Make It Clear (Colours)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
  • Make It Clear (Contrast)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
    low contrast high contrast
  • Make It Clear (Contrast)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
    This is light on dark
  • Make It Clear (Contrast)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
    This is dark on light
  • Make It Clear (Complement)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
    These colors do not complement
  • Make It Clear (Complement)
    • Use contrasting colors
    • Light on dark vs. dark on light
    • Use complementary colors
    These colors complement
  • Make It Clear (Size)
    • Size implies importance
  • Make It Clear (Size)
    • Size implies importance
  • Make It Clear (Focal Points)
    • Focal points direct attention
  • Make It Clear (Focal Points)
    • Focal points direct attention
  • Be Progressive
  • Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Too many in one go!
  • Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Progressive & thus focused
  • Understanding Technology Floppy disk User interface CPU I/O Error Backup system Software Mouse Debugger Function key Main Storage Too many & not focused
  • Understanding Technology Floppy disk User interface CPU I/O Error Backup system Software Mouse Debugger Function key Main Storage Progressive & thus focused
  • Be Consistent
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    This tick draws attention
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    These differences distract!
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    This implies importance
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    Confusing differences!
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    This surprise attracts
  • Be Consistent
    • Differences draw attention
    • Differences may imply importance
    • Use surprises to attract not distract
    These distract!
  • Be Consistent
    • Your font should be the same on every page
    • If possible, use the same sizes on each page
    • Don’t mix word art and pictures
  • Other Hints
    • Use phrases and key words (bullets)
      • Use tell mores and complete sentences while presenting
    • Include a bibliography slide with NO animation
    • Make sure your background/template enhances your presentation
      • if possible have it be consistent with your presentation
  • In Summary
    • Big
    • Simple
    • Clear
    • Progressive
    • Consistent
  • Some Final Words
    • Communication is the key
    • Text to support the communication
    • Pictures to simplify complex concepts
    • Animations for complex relationships
    • Visuals to support, not to distract
    • Sounds only when absolutely necessary
    • Original PowerPoint created by Victor Chen
    • Revised by C. Weiler, Feb. 2005