"I The LORD Love Justice" Proclaiming Justice and Mercy


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"I The LORD Love Justice" Proclaiming Justice and Mercy

  1. 1. CHAPTER 13 Proclaiming Justice and Mercy By Kevin L., Paul C., Pablo V.
  2. 2. WHO IS THE JUST PERSON? <ul><li>Old Testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Righteous and Just are basically the same thing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just and Righteous= Moses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moses was a righteous and just person because he carried the burden of others, endangered his life for others and stood up for the voiceless and powerless </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just and Righteous= Jesus Christ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He took care of the poor, sick and overburdened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model of how we are to live and for others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to Luke, he is known as the RIGHTEOUS ONE </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>A just person is sensitive and faithful to the demands of others. Justice is about people relating their needs to others in terms of their dignity created and loved by GOD. We are EYES, HANDS, FEET, EARS of GOD . We are called to bring justice into our relationships. </li></ul></ul>JESUS MOSES
  4. 4. DIFFERENT TYPES OF JUSTICE <ul><li>The Eucharist, which celebrates the new covenant, continues to unite us with the “Just One” and with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of JUSTICE: </li></ul><ul><li>Commutative Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Distributive Justice </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Contractual relationships of one individual to another individual (corporations are individuals) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships between you and corporations are subject to commutative justice </li></ul><ul><li>When you buy clothes from the clothes store it forms the basis of your legal or contractual relationship with the clothes store. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important because agreements are based on trust and confidence that all parties will respect the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>If you shoplift, steal tools on the job, are late for work etc., you are violating commutative justice. </li></ul>COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE
  6. 6. <ul><li>AKA Contributive Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Obey laws or suffer the consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute in ways that benefit the good of society (Contribute-> Contributive Justice) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ask not what your country can do for you– ask what you can do for your country.” -JFK </li></ul>LEGAL JUSTICE
  7. 7. <ul><li>Relationship of society or government to the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with non-economic/economic goods, unequal distribution, equality </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Goods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The good of citizenship : deals with the conditions of becoming a citizen; the rights of residents, strangers, immigrants, refuges and political prisoners. Everyone is entitled to their rights and freedom of expression. The good of security and public assistance (welfare): needs of those who have the right to assistance and help. Public health care, welfare checks, helping the unemployed, protecting privacy. The economic good: regulating area of money and merchandise. This involved salaries and wages for work, the economic benefit of the stock market and baking, the availability of consumer goods, the right to private property. People have value but not a price. Patenting life forms of plant seeds is wrong. The goods of offices and positions: distribution based on qualifications set by public procedures not on social status and wealth. Everyone must be equal and not excluded or discriminated against on the basis of gender, age, religion </li></ul></ul>DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
  8. 8. SOCIAL JUSTICE and the CATHOLIC CHURCH <ul><li>Church has sought to live within different forms of government and does not identify with any one type of government (eg. The Church isn’t liberal, communist etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Church brings the gospel perspective of justice to bear on all political and economic systems . </li></ul><ul><li>The Church’s teaching offers several bases for re-thinking social questions in terms of JUSTICE. </li></ul>
  9. 9. OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY <ul><li>People need to have material goods to survive in today’s world </li></ul><ul><li>Before, property and owning property were extensions of owning a body </li></ul><ul><li>Church believes “the right to private property is valid and necessary” but not an absolute right </li></ul><ul><li>Private property is seen as goods of creation and are to serve the needs of all </li></ul><ul><li>God created everything, so everything in this world is for all </li></ul>
  10. 10. SOLIDARITY <ul><li>Solidarity is unity with and among people, based on common interests, values and principles </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals work in society to benefit themselves but the Church teaches to work for the COMMON GOOD. </li></ul><ul><li>A virtue that binds us to one another in the distribution of wealth. Church tells us to help the poor as a community </li></ul><ul><li>The US Bishops proposed three priorities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fulfilling Basic needs for the poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing active participation in economic life by those who are presently excluded or vulnerable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment of wealth, talent, or human energy should be specially directed to benefit those who are poor or economically insecure. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. PROPORTIONAL EQUALITY <ul><li>Eg. Equality amonst job wage (Hockey player that earns millions VS Single mother that earns minimum wage) </li></ul><ul><li>Four criteria that have been used to measure the just distribution of economic goods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEED: Every human has the right to earn a decent living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUST WAGE: A wage that allows one to fulfill the basic needs of human life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EFFORT AND SKILL REQUIRED: The more effort and skill required, the higher the rewards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRODUCTIVITY: Higher level of productivity = Higher Salaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TAXES are an example of distributive justice. Governments redistribute wealth within a society to provide services for the common good. </li></ul>
  12. 12. LANDOWNER AND THE WORKERS <ul><li>Read parable on page 255 </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson of the parable ? </li></ul><ul><li>Our worth is not measured in by our wage. </li></ul><ul><li>God’s mercy surpasses all human measure and is not to be equated with strict human justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Aquinas said “Justice without mercy cannot be perfect virtue.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. LOVE , JUSTICE and the GOLDEN RULE <ul><li>The Sermon on the Mount gave us a greater understanding of justice, teaching us to take a higher commitment in Justice and points us toward another option in distributive justice: The Golden Rule </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden Rule is the language of Justice: Do to Others what you would have them do to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Love your enemies; lend, expect nothing in return </li></ul><ul><li>Disinterested justice: I have no interest in what the other will give to me. I act only out of love and generosity. </li></ul>
  14. 14. LIVING CHRISTIAN JUSTICE <ul><li>Douglas Roche (A Senator), Mary Jo Jeddy (Founder of a Refugee house and author) & Dr. Rosalie Bertell (Grey Nun) were all motivated by Christian justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas talks about UNJUST terrorist attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Jo talks about UNJUST economy problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Bertell talks about UNJUST acts against Jesus in his time. </li></ul>