Big Bang Daniels

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Big Bang Daniels

  1. 1. The BIG BANG!!!!!
  2. 2. Our Universe What it is like, how it started, how it evolved to its current state, and how it will end Today we will talk about:
  3. 3. <ul><li>First, let’s look at some of the objects we might find if we explored our Universe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where do we live?
  5. 5. Where is the Earth?
  6. 6. The Solar System
  7. 7. Q: What is a STAR?
  8. 9. Our Sun is a star !
  9. 10. Stellar Facts <ul><li>A star is a big ball of burning gas </li></ul><ul><li>Our Sun is a very average star </li></ul><ul><li>When we look out into the night sky, many of the stars we see are very similar to our own sun </li></ul><ul><li>In fact some of these stars also have planets, just like our own Solar System </li></ul>
  10. 11. What is this?
  11. 12. What is it made of?
  12. 14. MANY STARS
  13. 15. MANY STARS SOME SUN-LIKE
  14. 16. Galactic Facts <ul><li>Stars tend to group together to form galaxies </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxies contain hundreds of thousands of stars </li></ul><ul><li>At the centre of most galaxies is a massive black hole! </li></ul><ul><li>Our sun is part of a galaxy </li></ul>
  15. 17. You are here!
  16. 19. Our Galaxy from the Earth
  17. 20. <ul><li>We live on the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth is a planet in the Solar System, orbiting our star which we call the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun is part of a galaxy </li></ul><ul><li>When we look out into the sky at night, all of the stars we see are in our galaxy </li></ul><ul><li>But our galaxy is just one of many….. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Galaxies: Hubble Space telescope image
  19. 22. ‘ Zoom out’ - galaxies form filaments and voids
  20. 23. <ul><li>It is hard to comprehend the size of the Universe! </li></ul>
  21. 24. IN THE BEGINNING…….
  22. 25. EVERYTHING!
  23. 26. EVERYTHING!
  24. 27. EVERYTHING! ENERGY INCREASING, BECOMING LIKE A BOMB……. STARTS EXPANDING…..
  25. 28. Tick tick tick……
  26. 29. BOOM!
  27. 30. The Big Bang <ul><li>Not really an ‘explosion’ </li></ul><ul><li>Universe expanded rapidly as a whole </li></ul><ul><li>(Universe is still expanding today as a result of the Big Bang) </li></ul><ul><li>Matter was created in the form of tiny particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) </li></ul><ul><li>Too hot for normal ‘stuff’ to form (eg atoms, molecules) </li></ul>
  28. 32. COSMIC ‘SOUP’
  29. 33. PROTON NEUTRON ELECTRON COSMIC ‘SOUP’
  30. 34. <ul><li>Universe much cooler, atoms start to form….. </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen, Helium, normal ‘stuff’ </li></ul>300,000 Years Later…..
  31. 36. Universe is now a GAS
  32. 37. Universe is now a GAS HYDROGEN HELIUM
  33. 39. GRAVITY!
  34. 40. Gravitational Collapse <ul><li>We started with a uniform gas </li></ul><ul><li>Small regions became more dense </li></ul><ul><li>The denser regions had larger gravity and started to pull other particles towards them </li></ul><ul><li>The gaseous Universe began to look ‘clumpy’ </li></ul>
  35. 41. Gravitational Collapse <ul><li>Regions with more particles (higher density) become gas clouds </li></ul><ul><li>Gas clouds become stars and galaxies </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxies congregate together in filaments , groups and clusters </li></ul>
  36. 42. But we are inside one of these galaxies, so all we see are the nearby stars. We can see other galaxies if we use a telescope If we could view the Universe from outside, if would look like this:
  37. 43. The Gemini Telescope
  38. 46. Future? <ul><li>The Universe is still expanding </li></ul><ul><li>All galaxies are moving apart </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘explosion’ of the big bang is still happening! </li></ul><ul><li>It may continue expanding forever </li></ul><ul><li>Or it may stop expanding, and fall inwards in a big CRUNCH! </li></ul>
  39. 47. What have we learnt? <ul><li>The Universe started with a BIG BANG </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually the particles were drawn together under GRAVITY to form STARS and GALAXIES </li></ul><ul><li>Many stars have planets around them </li></ul><ul><li>The fate of the Universe is uncertain… </li></ul>
  40. 48. THE END

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