Copyright designs and patents act
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Copyright designs and patents act

on

  • 2,621 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,621
Views on SlideShare
2,621
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
15
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Copyright designs and patents act Copyright designs and patents act Presentation Transcript

  •  
    • Copyright Law
    • Software and copyright
    • Licensing
    • Software Piracy
    • Copyright and the Internet
    • Copyright gives certain legal protection to authors of materials
    • Originally intended for books, sheet music, photographs etc.
    • In the U.K. it is covered by the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1998
    • This is the U.K. form of the Intellectual Property Rights (IRP) legislation which exist in most countries
    • The legislation exists to both
      • ensure people are rewarded for the endeavours
      • give protection to the copyright holder if there is an infringement
    • Current legislation embodies
    • Moral Rights - copyright holder has a right to ensure works are not used in an inappropriate way
    • ‘ fair use’ clauses - e.g. schools allowed to copy 1% of a published work
    • Literary works - includes books, poetry, telephone directories, computer programs
    • Musical works - of all kinds
    • Dramatic works - not only plays but adverts etc.
    • Artistic works - including crafts e.g. jewellery designs
    • Sound recordings - discs, tapes, CDs etc.
    • Film recordings - on all media
    • Broadcasts - both audio and video
    • Cable broadcasts - e.g. cable TV programmes
    • Typographical arrangements - e.g. e-books, web pages (of text) etc.
      • Multimedia not specifically covered
      • Computer graphics cause particular problems.
      • Local copyright laws take precedence - important in Internet disputes
      • ‘ Look and feel’ - difficult to prove that software is a copy
      • ‘ Reverse engineering’ - write a computer program so that it looks the same but uses different code
    • Copying of pictures, sound files, music is rife esp. Fan sites
    • Many believe, mistakenly, that internet is copyright free.
    • Site ‘cloning’ becoming widespread
    • Only large companies have resources to pursue claims e.g. Disney
    • Napster case very important development
  •  
    • A software licensing agreement is a legal contract between the software producer and the user that sets out how the piece of software may be used.
    • Single-user licence
      • Allows a copy of the software to be installed on one machine
      • Might specifies ‘one copy may be in use at one time’ – install on two machines
    • Multi-user licence
      • Allows an organisation to install the software package on an agreed number of machines
      • Costs less as several single-user licences
    • Site Licence
      • Allows the user to purchase a single copy of the software with permission to install it on all the computers at a single location.
      • Common in education sector
    • Licence by use
      • Allows the software to be installed on a large number of stand alone computers.
      • However, only an agreed number of users are allowed to run the software at any given time.
    • Network Licence
      • One copy of the software stored on the file server
      • An agreed number of users e.g. 10
      • Software accessible to all computers e.g. 100
      • However, when the 11 th person tries to use the software, access will be denied
    • Multi user licence - can be used by a set number of people
    • Site licence - can be used on all computers on one site e.g. a school
    • Academic licence - for students and teachers, usually single user
    • Education licence - for schools, colleges; cheap, multi user
    • Shareware - have to pay for updates, support, sometime time limited
    • Freeware - no cost at all
    • Charity ware - donation to charity encouraged
    • Post card ware - send a postcard to the author
    • Free software movement - encourages freeware authors
    • Essentially the copying of software without an appropriate licence
    • Multi £ billion business esp. in Far East e.g. all major graphics programs - normal cost ~£6, 000 - pirate copy £5
    • In UK and USA video games (on CD) very popular
    • CD-R and Internet has made process very easy
    • At basic level
      • Serial no.
      • legal protection (copyright act)
    • More advanced
      • Dongles
      • Electronic copy protection - code scrambler
      • Regionalisation e.g DVD
    • Systems do not work
      • Copyright act - legal mine field
      • Serial No . - web site specialise in publishing serial No.s for popular software
      • Dongles - reverse engineering of device
      • Electronic methods - broken within hours of publication
      • Regionalisation - code breakers widely available
    • Software piracy will remain major problem
    • Internet and CD-R exacerbate problem
    • Piracy keeps software prices high
    • Encourages more piracy - catch 22
    • Music, video and game copying increasingly common, will increase with advent of DVD-R