Somking dangers and contents


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Somking dangers and contents

  1. 1. Smoking
  2. 2. Tobacco – is a plant grown for its leaves, which are smoked, chewed, or sniffed for a variety of effects – Tobacco also contains more than 19 known cancercausing chemicals (most are collectively known as "tar") and more than 4,000 other chemicals
  3. 3. Contents of cigaratte • Nicotine • • • • addiction Stimulation Pleasure. Relaxation When tobacco smoke is inhaled, nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream. Immediate physiological effects include increased heart rate and a rise in blood pressure.
  4. 4. Tar • brown, stick substance that stains fingers and teeth a yellow-brown color • 70 % of the tar is deposited in the lungs damages the small hairs called cilia. • Irritant that causes coughing and chronic chest problems. • contains many poisonous chemicals that can cause cancers.
  5. 5. Carbon monoxide • poisonous gas with no smell • If you smoke 20 cigarettes a day you will have around 10% less oxygen in your body. • low energy, shortness of breath and tiredness. • thickens the blood, can cause fatty deposits to clog up your arteries, which can lead to a heart attack, stroke and limp amputation.
  6. 6. Did you know? • Approximately 5.5 trillion cigarettes are produced globally each year . • Currently, there are an estimated 1.3 billion smokers in the world. • Worldwide, between 80,000 and 100,000 kids start smoking every day- roughly half of whom live in Asia
  7. 7. • More than 1,000 people in the U.S. die each day from smoking-related illness. • Smoking kills more people each year than AIDS, fires, car accidents, murders, suicides, alcohol and other drugs combined.
  8. 8. • Smoking cost the United States over $193 billion in 2004, including $97 billion in lost productivity and $96 billion in direct health care expenditures, or an average of $4,260 per adult smoker.
  9. 9. • Higher rates of cigarette smoking have been reported among adults who have earned a General Education Development (GED) and those with a 9 - 11 grade education. The lowest rates are seen among those with advanced college degrees
  10. 10. Recent surveys show that tobacco consumption among girls is increasing drastically around the globe, and that prevalence is,in many cases, comparable to or even greater than that among boys.
  11. 11. Why do people smoke and chew? • • • • reduce stress Their parents do it Peer pressure Some people think it helps with weight control • The unemployment and poverty. • Advertisements make it look attractive
  12. 12. Smoking can be good for you • Not only does it feel good, Garry... smoking can in fact be good for you. At university we conducted a simple experiment. We took 20 live worms and divided them into two groups of 10. We then placed one group into a glass of pure drinking water and one group into a glass of water through which we filtered the smoke from a packet of B&H cigarettes. The worms in the drinking water lived for 7 days, but the worms in the smokey water died an agonising death in less than 30 minutes; • proving that if you smoke... you won't get worms
  13. 13. Health Risks • Effects on the Lungs – According to the American Lung Association, about 90% of the deaths due to lung cancer. Smoking is also responsible for the majority of deaths due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis – Smoking reduces a person's ability to control their asthma, leading to reduced response to steroid medicine and a worsening of lung function
  14. 14. a healthy lung
  15. 15. Smoker's lung (yellowish spots are caner)
  16. 16. • Cardiovascular Effects – All forms of tobacco raise the risk of heart attacks. – Smoking also significantly increases the risk of peripheral artery disease, which causes damage to the blood vessels in the legs and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke
  17. 17. • Cancer – the lung, – mouth, – larynx, – esophagus, – bladder, – kidney, – pancreas, – Cervix
  18. 18. Effects on Male Fertility and Erectile Dysfunction • Smoking can harm a man's sexuality and fertility. • erectile dysfunction because it decreases the amount of blood flowing into the penis • impairs sperm motility, reduces sperm lifespan, and may cause genetic changes that can affect a man's offspring.
  19. 19. One trial found that men or women who smoke have lower success rates with fertility treatments.
  20. 20. Effects on Female Infertility, Pregnancy, and Childbirth • Greater risk for infertility. Women at greatest risk for fertility problems are those who smoke one or more packs a day and who started smoking before age 18 • Earlier menopause perhaps because toxins in cigarette smoke damage eggs • Pregnancy complications, which increase with the number of cigarettes smoked
  21. 21. Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have – An ectopic pregnancy – Spontaneous abortion/miscarriage – Vaginal bleeding – Placental abruption placenta peels away, partially or almost completely, from the uterine wall before delivery) – A stillbirth
  22. 22. • Babies born to women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to be born – With birth defects such as cleft lip or palate – Prematurely – At low birth weight
  23. 23. Lip cancer caused by years of smoking
  24. 24. The following age-related conditions occur at higher rates in smokers than nonsmokers • Cataracts • Age-related macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in older people • Hearing loss • Incontinence
  25. 25. Smokeless tobacco • known as spit tobacco, chew, snuff, and dip, is a form of tobacco that has become popular, especially with athletes • chewing on an average-size piece of chewing tobacco for 30 minutes can deliver as much nicotine as smoking three cigarettes.
  26. 26. Not only harm yourself but others Whenever people smoke, all the others around them are smoking too because they breathe in the same harmful substances as the person who is smoking. When children or adults breathe in other people's smoke (second hand smoke), it is commonly known as passive smoking
  27. 27. • Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke as a child or adult appears to increase a woman's risk of breast cancer .
  28. 28. • Babies exposed to secondhand smoke • Are more likely to die from SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome • Are at greater risk for asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia ear infections respiratory symptoms . • May experience slow lung growth
  29. 29. can do What you – It 's easy to protect your children from passive smoking
  30. 30. 5 million people are still dying from tobacco use every year (1 death every 6 seconds)
  31. 31. Quit Smoking • Each year about 46% of smokers in the US try to quit, with around 10% of them being successful in the short term • The longer-term success rate for stopping smoking without anything to help is only about 5%
  32. 32. Chantix • Chantix was approved by the FDA in May 2006, and in the US is only available on prescription. Chantrix is started one week before quitting
  33. 33. Zyban • Zyban is a tablet to help quit smoking. • It contains a medicine called bupropion,which is used for depression. Zyban is started before quitting smoking, of taking Zyban. • Zyban is only available on a doctor’s prescription.
  34. 34. Nicotine replacement
  35. 35. Withdrawal when quitting smoking • • • • • • • feeling anxious attention deficit feeling restless feeling low or depressed trouble sleeping hunger trouble concentrating wanting/craving a cigarette
  36. 36. According to PCBS, Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics • the percentage of smokers among those 12 years and older was 22.1% in 2000 . • By 2006 the percentage has declined to 19.8%. • Most of the new non-smokers come from the Gaza Strip, 20.4 % of them, while only 5.9 % are in the West Bank.
  37. 37. • Palestinians begin at an early age. Between the ages of 10 and 18 there was a reported 4%of them who smoked in 2006 . • 5% of Palestinian smokers are in primary and secondary school. • Among unmarried Palestinians between the ages of 15 and 29, 17.6 % have smoking habits. • Data indicates that 26.1 % on them started between the ages of 10 and 14. • Another 61.2% said they began between the ages of 15 and 19. • Before the age of 10, 1.5 % were reported to have started
  38. 38. • Male Palestinians who smoke declined to 37 % 2006, a decrease from 2000’s 40.7 . Female smokers was reported at 3.2 %in 2000 and 2.2 %in 2006, although this demographic is difficult to measure as most woman smoke secretly, or in the homes, and often their family members do not know
  39. 39. World No Tobacco Day is observed annually on 31 May to raise awareness around the world about the dangers of tobacco, the single largest preventable cause of disability and death.
  40. 40. The History of Hookah…. • Hookah’s date all the way back to the 15th century in India. • It became famous under the Ottoman Empire to which portraits were taken with it of the Sultans. • It became known as a status symbol and was often smoked after royal dinners and at diplomatic meetings.
  41. 41. • Waterpipes are popular throughout the South-East Asia and Middle East regions and have been used for many centuries under the illusion that they were a safe way to smoke tobacco.
  42. 42. Other known names of a “hookah”: Hubble bubble waterpipe,  nargeela,  greela, shisha,  okka, kaylan  ghalan.
  43. 43. • Hookah is a water pipe with a smoke chamber, a bowl, a pipe and a hose. • Specially made tobacco is heated, and the smoke passes through water and is then drawn through a rubber hose to a mouthpiece
  44. 44. • Special tobacco mixtures are sold, often highly flavoured with fruit, honey, molasses and herbs. • Some hookah tobaccos claim to contain 0.0% Tar this is misleading .
  45. 45. Is it true that hookah smoke is better than cigarette smoke because it's filtered through water??
  46. 46. • each hookah session typically lasts from 20 – 80 minutes and consists of 50 – 200 puffs which range from 0.15 – 1 liter per puff . • This exposes the hookah smoker to considerably more smoke over a longer time period compared with a cigarette which ranges from 0.5 – 0.6 liters per cigarette.
  47. 47. • While the water absorbs some of the nicotine in the tobacco smoke, the smoker can be exposed to enough nicotine to cause addiction .
  48. 48. • Other research shows that a 45 minute session of hookah tobacco smoking (tobacco molasses) delivers slightly more tar and carbon monoxide (around 5-10%) than a pack of cigarettes. • With high temperatures for the tobacco (600650 degrees C), the carcinogenic and toxin levels of smoke increases dramatically .
  49. 49. Hookah smoking points to dangers that are similar to those linked with cigarette smoking. • It is linked to health hazards like – – – – malignancy, impaired pulmonary function, low birth weight, Infectious diseases could also result from pipe sharing
  50. 50. • Using a waterpipe to smoke tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking • A typical 1 hour long waterpipe smoking session involves 100-200 times the volume of smoke inhaled with single cigarette. • even after has been passed through water, the smoke contains high level of toxic compounds like CO.
  51. 51. • Sharing a waterpipe mouthpieces posses a serious risk of transmission of TB and hepatitis. • Waterpipe smoke has sweet smell and taste and that explain why some people specially young people use waterpipes instead of cigarettes.
  52. 52. • Second-hand smoke from waterpipes is a mixture of tobacco smoke in addition to smoke from the fuel and therefore poses a serious risk for nonsmokers .
  53. 53. • Waterpipe tobacco is often sweetened and flavored, making it very appealing; the sweet smell and taste of the smoke explain why some people particularly young who would not use tobbacco, begin to use waterpipe
  54. 54. Hookahs can also be smoked with tobacco-free herbal flavors. These contain Sugar Cane Bagasse with no tobacco, nicotine or tar. This new method of smoking is aimed at replacing tobacco and thus eliminating its negative health effects.