“ We shall go on to the end, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender...”
Winston Churchill, Prime Minister Of Britain (1940)
The Luftwaffe intelligence sources said that radar stations were unimportant and should not be targets. Eventually it was the radar station in Britain that detected the incoming German fighters and alerted the air defence system to knock out the fighters
It also misreported strength, weapons, and losses.
At one point, Hitler complained to Goering that "you have apparently shot down more aircraft than the British ever possessed."
It should also not be forgotten that the effectiveness of the RAF in repairing their planes and key installations quickly ensured the longevity of Britain in the battle, despite being 3 weeks away from defeat
The people of Britain who had to endure the incessant bombings were able to rise up to the government's call to defend Britain and help out in the restoration of damaged military and civilian buildings
The Midway operation, like the attack on Pearl Harbor , was not part of a campaign for the conquest of the United States, but was aimed at its elimination as a strategic Pacific power, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere .
It was also hoped another defeat would force the U.S. to negotiate an end to the Pacific War with conditions favorable for Japan.
Japanese plan was to lure America's few remaining carriers into a trap and sink them.
The Japanese also intended to occupy Midway Atoll to extend their defensive perimeter.
Midway dealt Japanese naval aviation a heavy blow.
The pre-war Japanese training program produced pilots of exceptional quality but at a slow rate.This small group of elite aviators were combat hardened veterans.
At Midway, the Japanese lost as many of these pilots in a single day as their pre-war training program produced in a year.
Japanese planners failed to foresee a long continuous war, and consequently their production failed to replace the losses of ships, pilots, and sailors begun at Midway; by mid-1943, Japanese naval aviation was decimated.
The North Africa Campaign 10 June 1940 – 16 May 1943
Despite Rommel receiving reinforcements from the German High Command, the North African Campaign was later split into 2 fronts:
In Tunisia (Battle Of Tunisia, 1943)
In Egypt (Battle Of El Alamein, 1942)
The Axis forces were totally out-stretched, out-gunned and out-flanked by the Allied powers consisting of troops from Britain, Australia, NZ, South Africa, Free French forces, United States and British India
Battle Of Stalingrad 21 st August 1942 to 2 nd February 1943 http://www.slideshare.net/guest2a942f/battle-of-stalingrad-221001/
Operation Overlord (Battle Of Normandy) (D-Day: The Normandy Landings) 6 th of June 1944 - 30 th of August 1944
The invasion of Normandy would eventually lead to the liberation of France with the surrender of Paris in 25 August 1944
From that point onwards, Belgium and Netherlands were liberated and a full-scale invasion of Germany began
The Normandy landings not only signalled the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany, it heralded in the start of the race for Europe, which some historians consider to be the start of the Cold War (The Race To Berlin)
In an attempt to weaken Japan, American bombers destroyed Japanese cities and American submarines cut off Japanese imports.
Potsdam declaration (July 11 1945): The Allied leaders reiterated the demand for unconditional surrender by Japan, specifically stating that “the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.”
Japan rejected the Potsdam terms and US dropped the atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki