Ch 14 – The Trial
<ul><li>Fair trial – based only with people accused of a crime </li></ul><ul><li>6 th  amendment – right to a trial by jur...
Jury <ul><li>Selected by voter registration/tax lists/driver license rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Representative of the communi...
Attorneys <ul><li>Right is protected under the 6 th  amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Powell v Alabama (“Scottsboro Boys”) </li...
 
Witness Process <ul><li>Defendants have the right to compulsory process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can subpoena a witness to te...
Immunity <ul><li>Immunity from prosecution occurs when a prosecutor grants immunity to a witness in exchange for testimony...
Terms to Know <ul><li>Due process </li></ul><ul><li>Voir dire </li></ul><ul><li>For-cause challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Pere...
Homework <ul><li>14.4, 14.5 due tomorrow  </li></ul><ul><li>Will be collected! </li></ul>
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Ch 14 – The Trial

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Ch 14 – The Trial

  1. 1. Ch 14 – The Trial
  2. 2. <ul><li>Fair trial – based only with people accused of a crime </li></ul><ul><li>6 th amendment – right to a trial by jury (Fed and State) </li></ul><ul><li>Jury: not required in every case/ not used much </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most cases resolved by pleas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can waive right to a jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not used/required in cases where offenses are punishable by 6 months or less </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Jury <ul><li>Selected by voter registration/tax lists/driver license rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Representative of the community </li></ul><ul><li>FED – 12 person jury – must reach a unanimous verdict </li></ul><ul><li>STATE – use 12 but only req. 6 – the supreme court has not recognized unanimous verdict </li></ul><ul><li>Can be dismissed through for-cause or peremptory challenges </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attorneys <ul><li>Right is protected under the 6 th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Powell v Alabama (“Scottsboro Boys”) </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson v. Zerbst </li></ul><ul><li>1938 supreme court req. all federal cases </li></ul><ul><li>1965 – all state/fed courts </li></ul><ul><li>Public defenders paid by court – less than private lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>$23,000 - $169,000 (public defenders) </li></ul><ul><li>Controversy – quality of the defense </li></ul>
  5. 6. Witness Process <ul><li>Defendants have the right to compulsory process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can subpoena a witness to testify </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defendants have the right to confront a witness and cross examine </li></ul><ul><li>Child testimony – usually closed circuit TV is used </li></ul><ul><li>The defendant can take the stand but it is a federally protected right to not do such an action </li></ul>
  6. 7. Immunity <ul><li>Immunity from prosecution occurs when a prosecutor grants immunity to a witness in exchange for testimony. It is immunity because the prosecutor essentially agrees to never prosecute the crime that the witness might have committed in exchange for that testimony. </li></ul><ul><li>Immunity confers a status on a person or body that places him/her/it above the law and makes that person or body free from otherwise legal obligations such as, for example, liability for torts or damages or prosecution under criminal law for criminal acts </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial immunity, which finds its origin in sovereign immunity, is the absolute immunity of a judge or magistrate from any kind of civil liability for an act performed in the judge's official capacity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>while sitting on the bench the judge cannot be sued for defamation if he or she makes a statement about one of the parties before the court that might otherwise be considered slander. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Terms to Know <ul><li>Due process </li></ul><ul><li>Voir dire </li></ul><ul><li>For-cause challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Peremptory challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Subpoena </li></ul><ul><li>Contempt of court </li></ul><ul><li>Indigent </li></ul><ul><li>Double jeopardy </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrial </li></ul><ul><li>Petitioner </li></ul><ul><li>Appellant </li></ul><ul><li>Writ </li></ul><ul><li>Habaes corpus </li></ul>
  8. 9. Homework <ul><li>14.4, 14.5 due tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Will be collected! </li></ul>

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