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Sharable Content Object Reference Model

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Sharable Content Object Reference Model

Sharable Content Object Reference Model

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  • 1. July 23, 2012 e-Learning Standard By Mr. Pornchai Tummarattananont pornchai@nectec.or.th Digital Media Informatics Laboratory National Electronic and Computer Technology Center
  • 2. July 29, 2012 2 Contents  Overview of e-Learning  Standard of e-Learning  SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model)  Live Demo
  • 3. July 29, 2012 3 Limitations to Current Training Practices  Access to Training  Variability in Quality and Expertise  Limit of regional or capacity  Training is quickly out date  Difficulty serve specialized needs  Few Mechanisms for Ongoing Support
  • 4. July 29, 2012 4 e-Learning ? "learning or training that is prepared, delivered, or managed using a variety of learning technologies and that can be deployed either locally or globally."
  • 5. July 29, 2012 5 Benefit of e-Learning  Anywhere, Anytime, Anyone  Cost reduction  Just-in-Time access  Personalized learning  Improved collaboration and Interactivity among students  Less Intimidating than Instructor-led Courses  Strengthens Traditional Classroom Learning
  • 6. July 29, 2012 6 Current Tools for e-Learning authors Tool Purpose Browser Delivery Authorware Learning applications Using Macromedia Authorware Web Player Director Interactive multimedia Using Macromedia Shockwave Web Player Flash Web animation and interactivity Using Adobe Flash Player (also included in Shockwave Player) Toolbook Learning applications Either using Click2Learn Neuron plug-in or standard HTML and JavaScript Dreamweaver, Frontpage General web development HTML and JavaScript ReadyGo, Trainersoft Learning applications HTML and JavaScript
  • 7. July 29, 2012 7 Importance of Standards  Organizations must deal with dozens of separate and potentially incompatible systems  Incompatible systems increase costs, decrease efficiency and pose potential trade barriers
  • 8. July 29, 2012 8 Characteristic of Learning Content  Accessibility  Interoperability  Reusability  Durability  Affordability
  • 9. July 29, 2012 9 Worldwide Network for Learning Technology Singapore IMS Asia PROMETEUS CEN/ISSS IMS Australia ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36
  • 10. July 29, 2012 10 Advanced Distributed Learning: ADL  Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative  US Government-wide initiative to improve education and training via learning technology  Applicable across all learning communities and constituents
  • 11. July 29, 2012 11 ADL Communities
  • 12. July 29, 2012 12 Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative http://www.adlnet.org
  • 13. July 29, 2012 13 ADL Co-Lab An open, collaborative environment for sharing learning technology research, development, implementation and evaluations.
  • 14. July 29, 2012 14 ADL Co-Lab ADL Co-Lab Hub Policies, Tools, and Standards DoD-Federal Integration ADL Portal and Clearinghouse JOINT ADL Co-Lab Military Services Training Systems Acquisition Community - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - $$ Incentive Funds Academic ADL Co-Lab Higher Ed Focus with Partners Accredited degrees, certification
  • 15. July 29, 2012 15 Academic ADL Co-Lab  Research and development of advanced learning technologies  Assess ADL compliant tools  Assist in the development of learning objects  Research and evaluation of intelligent tutors  Application and evaluation of assessment tools  Learning Management System (LMS) evaluation
  • 16. July 29, 2012 16 Goals  To promote and evaluate standards for distributed learning applications in higher education  To provide education and communication for ADL initiatives within the higher education community  To evaluate and demonstrate advanced learning technologies and tools  To support effective pedagogy through research and assessment of distributed learning  To explore issues pertaining to intellectual property in an electronic distributed environment
  • 17. July 29, 2012 17 SCORM "Software model that defines the interrelationship of course components, data models, and protocols such that courseware objects are shareable across systems that conform with the same model"
  • 18. July 29, 2012 18
  • 19. July 29, 2012 19 Components that share a common model can be reassembled and reused Sharable Content Object Reference Model
  • 20. July 29, 2012 20 Problems that SCORM is Trying to Solve  Reuse Web-based content objects across LMS  Create searchable learning content libraries and media repositories  Move a Web-based course from one LMS to another and have it look and operate the same
  • 21. July 29, 2012 21 SCORM as a Common Reference Model  Integrates industry specification from many other organizations (AICC, IMS, IEEE, ARIADNE, etc.)  Provides a unified learning content model  Defines a standardized web “run-time” environment  Takes the first step on the path to defining a true learning architecture
  • 22. July 29, 2012 22 How to SCORM Fits SCORM is necessary, but not sufficient ... Technical Specification Instructional Capability, Modeling & Simulation, Intelligent Tutoring, Economic Models, Policy, R&D, etc.
  • 23. July 29, 2012 23 ADL Model for Standards Evolution
  • 24. July 29, 2012 24 ADL Progress to Date
  • 25. July 29, 2012 25 SCORM Evolution  First released as Version 1.0 in January 2000  SCORM defines a Web-based learning model for learning objects. Content Aggregation Model (CAM) Run-Time Environment (RTE)
  • 26. July 29, 2012 26
  • 27. July 29, 2012 27 SCORM Development Update (Last Version?)  SCORM 2004 (formerly known as SCORM Version 1.3) update February 2004.  The most significant change is dynamic presentation of learning content based on prescribed sequencing strategies and learner performance.
  • 28. July 29, 2012 28 SCORM 2004
  • 29. July 29, 2012 29
  • 30. July 29, 2012 30 SCORM Content Aggregation Model
  • 31. July 29, 2012 31 Sharable Content Object (SCO) SCO
  • 32. July 29, 2012 32 Content Package Conceptual Diagram
  • 33. July 29, 2012 33 SCORM Run-time Environment
  • 34. July 29, 2012 34 Run-Time Environment Conceptual API: Communications Link between a SCO and LMS Actual data sent back and forth between a SCO and LMS
  • 35. July 29, 2012 35 API Instance
  • 36. July 29, 2012 36 SCORM Sequencing and Navigation
  • 37. July 29, 2012 37 Activity Tree
  • 38. July 29, 2012 38 Sequencing Examples 1
  • 39. July 29, 2012 39 Sequencing Examples 2
  • 40. July 29, 2012 40 Authoring Tools for SCORM Development  Adobe Dreamweaver Flash Captivate  Click2Learn Toolbook
  • 41. July 29, 2012 41 Benefits of SCORM  LMSs can find and apply instructional objects  Course managers can move a course from one Web-based LMS to another  Content developers can reuse content across different LMSs  Content developers can search for content or media from distributed repositories
  • 42. July 29, 2012 42 References  www.adlnet.org  www.academiccolab.org  www.aicc.org/docs/meetings/11june2001/ minutes.html  www.odportal.com/elearning/ whitepapers.htm  www.lsal.cmu.edu/lsal/expertise/papers/ index.html  www.imsproject.org
  • 43. July 29, 2012 43
  • 44. July 29, 2012 44