WWI and WWII Propaganda Poster Art

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WWI and WWII Propaganda Poster Art

  1. 1. “ First Call” the Poster Art of World War I and World War II
  2. 2. “ In war as in peace, The Kodak is at the front. In Cuba and the Philippines, in Venezuela and now in Manchuria and Korea, the camera most in evidence is the Kodak.” Magazine Ad, 1904
  3. 3. Coca-Cola Advertisement 1914
  4. 5. British Recruitment Ad, 1915 following the sinking of the ship “Lusitania”
  5. 6. Civic organizations use the media to call for war. Poster from the Mayor’s Committee, New York 1917
  6. 8. “ Go soldiers and fulfill your role as Christians. Oh gentleman, complete your duty to your fatherland and earn your place in Heaven.” German recruitment poster, 1914
  7. 9. “ Committee on Public Information” established as the nations first propaganda agency.
  8. 10. About two-thirds of all war financing came from the selling of “war bonds” to the public.
  9. 15. U.S. Food Administration poster, 1917.
  10. 17. “ Whisper Campaign” sign posted by the U.S. Food Administration, 1918
  11. 18. Which slide is most effective? <ul><li>Look at the EIGHT different posters on the next slide and choose ONE which you feel is the most memorable and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain in your journal WHY you chose that poster and WHAT makes it work. </li></ul>
  12. 19. Slide #1 1 Slide #2 Slide #3 Slide #4 Slide #5 Slide #6 Slide #7 Slide #8
  13. 20. Posters were an important part of the W.P.A. projects during the New Deal.
  14. 21. Printers making serigraph posters for New York City WPA Federal Art Project, 1940
  15. 23. Of all the images of working women during World War II, the image of women in factories predominates. Rosie the Riveter--the strong, competent woman dressed in overalls and bandanna--was introduced as a symbol of patriotic womanhood. The accoutrements of war work--uniforms, tools, and lunch pails--were incorporated into the revised image of the feminine ideal
  16. 24. Produced by the Royal Typewriter Company for the U.S. Civil Service Commission NARA Still Picture Branch
  17. 25. by Lawrence Wilbur, 1944 Produced by the Royal Typewriter Company for the U.S. Civil Service Commission NARA Still Picture Branch
  18. 26. “ There is religious and racial prejudice everywhere in the land, and if there is a greater obstacle anywhere to the attainment of teamwork, no body knows what it is.” Arthur Upham Pope, Chairman of the Committee for National Morale, in America Organizes to Win the War
  19. 27. United We Win Photograph by Alexander Liberman, 1943 Printed by the Government Printing Office for the War Manpower Commission NARA Still Picture Branch
  20. 28. “ Astronomical quantities of everything and to hell with civilian needs.” --Donald Nelson, Chairman of the War Production Board, describing the military view of the American wartime industry.
  21. 31. Which slide is most effective? <ul><li>Look at the EIGHT different posters on the next slide and choose ONE which you feel is the most memorable and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain in your journal WHY you chose that poster and WHAT makes it work. </li></ul>
  22. 32. Slide #9 1 Slide #10 Slide #11 Slide #12 Slide #13 Slide #14 Slide #15 Slide #16
  23. 33. “ We look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression--everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-- everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want . . . everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear . . . anywhere in the world.” --President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Message to Congress, January 6, 1941
  24. 34. This is Nazi Brutality” Under their system, the individual is a cog in a military machine, a cipher in an economic despotism; the individual is a slave. These facts are documented in the degradation and suffering of the conquered countries, whose fate is shared equally by the willing satellites and the misguided appeasers of the Axis. --Government Information Manual for the Motion Picture Industry Office of War Information
  25. 35. The mortal realities of war must be impressed vividly on every citizen. There is a lighter side to the war picture, particularly among Americans, who are irrepressibly cheerful and optimistic. But war means death. It means suffering and sorrow. The men in the service are given no illusions as to the grimness of the business in which they are engaged. We owe it to them to rid ourselves of any false notions we may have about the nature of war. --Government Information Manual for the Motion Picture Industry Office of War Information
  26. 36. Art vs. Advertisement
  27. 37. A study of commercial posters undertaken by the U.S. Government found that images of women and children in danger were effective emotional devices.
  28. 38. “ War posters that are symbolic do not attract a great deal of attention, and they fail to arouse enthusiasm. Often, they are misunderstood by those who see them. How to Make Posters That Will Help Win The War “Office of Facts and Figures, 1942
  29. 39. Don`t Let That Shadow Touch Them by Lawrence B. Smith, 1942 Produced for the Government Printing Office for the U.S. Treasury NARA Still Picture Branch
  30. 40. Produced by the General Motors Corporation, 1942 NARA Still Picture Branch (NWDNS-44-PA-2314)
  31. 41. Which slide is most effective? <ul><li>Look at the EIGHT different posters on the next slide and choose ONE which you feel is the most memorable and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain in your journal WHY you chose that poster and WHAT makes it work. </li></ul>
  32. 42. Slide #17 1 Slide #18 Slide #19 Slide #20 Slide #21 Slide #22 Slide #23 Slide #24
  33. 43. “ He’s Watching You” Words are ammunition. Each word an American utters either helps or hurts the war effort. He must stop rumors. He must challenge the cynic and the appeaser. He must not speak recklessly. He must remember that the enemy is listening. --Government Information Manual for the Motion Picture Industry Office of War Information
  34. 46. In the years following World War II, diverse groups adopted the techniques of propaganda and advertising to get their point across.
  35. 47. NLF Poster in South Vietnam. 1966.
  36. 51. Internet poster protesting the Iraq War. 2005
  37. 52. Which slide is most effective? <ul><li>Look at the EIGHT different posters on the next slide and choose ONE which you feel is the most memorable and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain in your journal WHY you chose that poster and WHAT makes it work. </li></ul>
  38. 53. Slide #25 1 Slide #26 Slide #27 Slide #28 Slide #29 Slide #30 Slide #31 Slide #32

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