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Organelles
 

Organelles

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    Organelles Organelles Presentation Transcript

    • LAUNCH
      • Pick two organelles from yesterday, describe their function and draw a quick sketch
    • LAUNCH
      • What are the differences and similarities between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell? What are examples of each?
    • Parts of the Cell
    • Plant vs Animal Cells
    •  
    • ANALOGY! Organelles perform the functions of the cell just like different people and places perform the functions of LPS! If the nucleus of a cell is analogous to Ms. Klaffky, the principal, what function do you think the nucleus does?
    • Control Center Holds genetic material Nucleus
    • Nucleus Lily Parenchyma Cell. Note the large nucleus and nucleolus in the center of the cell, mitochondria and plastids in the cytoplasm.
    • Nucleus
      • Function: Control center of the cell, holds genetic information of DNA
      • Found: In all Eukaryotic Cells (both plant and animal cells have nuclei)
      • Analogy: Ms. Klaffky (principal)
    • Power Station Produces Energy Mitochondria Changes chemical energy into food
    • Mitochondria
    • Mitochondria
    • The Cafeteria (MPR) Mitochondria
    • Mitochondria
      • Function: convert chemical energy stored in food into compounds which cell can use for energy
      • Found: In All Eukaryotic Cells in the cytoplasm
      • Analogy: Cafeteria
    • Power Station Produces Energy Chloroplast Changes sunlight into food by photosynthesis
    • Found in Plants Only Chloroplast
    • Chloroplast
    • The Cafeteria (again) Chloroplast
    • INTRACELLULAR TRANSPORT
      • ER
      • Golgi
      • Lysosome
      • Vacuole
    • Makes proteins Ribosome Very small
    • Ribosomes
    • Ribosome
      • Function: makes proteins; where translation occurs
      • Found: In All Eukaryotic Cells; in cytoplasm and on rough endoplasmic reticulum
      • Analogy: Guidance Office, Teachers
    • Pathway to ship proteins Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • Endoplasmic Reticulum
      • Function: Pathway to ship proteins
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells in cytoplasm
      • Analogy: Hallway
    • E.R.
    • E.R.
    • Hallways Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • Package and ship out proteins Golgi Apparatus
    •  
    • Golgi Apparatus
      • Function: package and ship out Proteins
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells in cytoplasm
      • Analogy: Ms. Rivera and Ms. Aguilar, Office Secretaries
    • Golgi Apparatus
    • Golgi Apparatus
    • Main Office / Ms. Rivera Golgi Apparatus
    • Clean up crew Lysosome
    • Lysosomes
      • Function: cleanup crew of cell – eats old stuff
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells in cytoplasm
      • Analogy: Custodians
    • The Custodians Lysosome
    • Lysosome
    • Exit Ticket!
      • On your index card, write your name and number 1-3
      • For each slide that is shown, write down the ‘mystery organelle’ being described.
      • Function: Pathway to ship proteins
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Hallway
      1.
      • Function: package and ship out Proteins
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Office Secretaries
      2.
      • Function: convert chemical energy stored in food into compounds which cell can use for energy
      • Found: In All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Cafeteria
      3.
    • LAUNCH
      • Pick two organelles from yesterday, describe their function and draw a quick sketch
    • Controls what gets in and out of the cell Cell Membrane
    • Cell Membrane
      • Function: allow items in and out
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Gates of School
    • Cell Membrane
    • Protects the plant cell Cell Wall
    • Cell Wall
      • Function: rigid wall, shape, keep stuff out
      • Found: PLANTS ONLY!!!
      • Analogy: Walls,
    • Found in Plants Only Cell Wall
    • Cell Wall
    • The fence Cell Wall
    • Plastid
      • Function: store starch & fats, others absorb light energy
      • Found: PLANTS ONLY!!!
      • Analogy: you under breezeway
    • Holds cellular organelles in place Cytoplasm
    • Cytoplasm
      • Function: jelly like stuff between cell membrane and nucleus
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: The whole school inside the cell wall but not the office
    • The Air Cytoplasm
    • Cytoskeleton
      • Function: gives cell structure to maintain shape and size
      • Found: All Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Your school schedule
    • Storage of food and water Vacuoles
    • Vacuole
      • Function: store enzymes & metabolic wastes
      • Found: PLANTS ONLY!!! (but a few animal cells too)
      • Analogy: Lockers
    • Huge in plant cells Small in animal cells
    • Plant Cells
    • Vacuole
    • The Lockers Vacuoles
    • Cilia and Flagella
      • Function: assist in movement of cell
      • Found: Many Eukaryotic Cells
      • Analogy: Your feet
    • Animal Cells
    •