POLICE DEPARTMENTS
We know there are lots of different types of crime. As such
there is not only one type of police office...
THE ROLE OF THE POLICE
On April 1st 2013 Scotland’s eight police forces joined into a single police
force i.e. from Strath...
However!

The Role of The police
Police duties include the power to
detain or arrest and charge
anyone who breaks the law
...
POLICING STRATEGIES
As well as having different departments, the police use various strategies to
stop crime. A strategy i...
Violence Reduction Unit
Scotland has a big problem with young men being killed by knives. To stop
this Strathclyde Police ...
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The police booklet 3

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The police booklet 3

  1. 1. POLICE DEPARTMENTS We know there are lots of different types of crime. As such there is not only one type of police officer; there are many police departments, each of which has a specific role in tackling crime. If you go to Glasgow to go to a concert the chances are you might see many of these different types of police. You may walk past the Community Police, drive past the Traffic Police, see the Police Helicopter over the concert venue and have to avoid the Mounted Police (on horses). And these are only some of the different departments. Some different sections of the Police are described below. How many of them have you ever seen or had contact with? Community Police Local police that work in work specific area Dog Branch Use dogs to search for drugs, bombs, etc. Air Support Unit Helicopter which helps police from the air C.I.D. Investigate specific crimes such as murder or theft Forensics Look for clues at crime scenes e.g. fingerprints Traffic Police Responsible for keeping roads safe and well run Water Search Unit Search for anything found in water e.g. a body
  2. 2. THE ROLE OF THE POLICE On April 1st 2013 Scotland’s eight police forces joined into a single police force i.e. from Strathclyde Police to Police Scotland. The main role as we have seen is to tackle crime effectively. In order to tackle crime, the police have a number of powers: Crime and the Police 2
  3. 3. However! The Role of The police Police duties include the power to detain or arrest and charge anyone who breaks the law In order to maintain law and Patrol order, as well as protect the public and property the police patrol local areas Give evidence Part of the duties of the police is to gather evidence of crime and wrongdoing. Respond to Police are trained to deal with a emergencies wide range of situations and have a duty to respond. Arrest For example the police can arrest someone for assault For example the police can patrol on foot or in police cars; called mobile patrol For example the police have to present evidence in court and are seen as reliable witnesses. For example the police have to respond to road accidents, fights and robberies. ACTIVITIES 1. Take the heading ‘The Role of the Police’ 2. Describe, in detail, two roles of the police. Crime and the Police 3
  4. 4. POLICING STRATEGIES As well as having different departments, the police use various strategies to stop crime. A strategy is when the Police have a plan to target a specific type of crime, making it less likely to occur. Community Policing Community Policing is the most common Police strategy. This is when police officers work in the same area and get to know people e.g. by attending local events, visiting community centres and so on. This helps cut crime because the more people see and trust the police, the more likely they are to speak to them about problems. This might include letting them know about suspicious events in the local area. Publicity campaigns The Police also organise publicity campaigns to make people aware that some of their actions are illegal and can be punished. This might involve adverts in newspapers or on the TV. If people see this they may be less likely to commit the crime. For example, Strathclyde Police ran a campaign to stop domestic abuse (when people threaten or hurt family members). Crime and the Police 4
  5. 5. Violence Reduction Unit Scotland has a big problem with young men being killed by knives. To stop this Strathclyde Police set up a Violence Reduction Unit. This works specifically on stopping knife and gang crime. It does this by having specially-trained police work with the gangs, arrange education events in schools and work with local groups to identify trouble before it starts. Stop underage drinking One of the major causes of crime and complaints to the Police is underage people drinking. This causes crime such as assault and vandalism. The police use different methods to stop this. These include sending underage young people to buy alcohol to check which shops sell it and having each shop in certain areas stamp their alcohol bottles so the police can check where any underage drinker is being served. ACTIVITIES 1. Choose a type of crime common in your local community. Write your own strategy for how the police could deal with this. Use the report structure your teacher will show you. 2. Write two PEEL paragraphs where you describe two different strategies used to tackle crime. Crime and the Police 5

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