Reasons the nazis gained power   weimar
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Reasons the nazis gained power weimar

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Reasons the nazis gained power   weimar Reasons the nazis gained power weimar Presentation Transcript

  • German Revolution, 1918-1919 Shortly before the end of World War One there were revolts across Germany, similar to the Russian Revolution. These rebellions continued until a new German Republic – not Empire – was set up in 1919.
  • Real democracy? After WW1, German army generals knew political change would happen. They agreed to support a civilian government to stop revolution. They also thought a democratic Germany would be better treated by the victorious Allies.
  • The Weimar Republic Between 1919 and 1933, the system of government in Germany was known as the Weimar Republic. This was because the assembly that set up the system met in the German city of Weimar.
  • Role of the army The army reluctantly reached a deal with Friedrich Ebert, who became President of Germany. Ebert agreed to not pursue revolution and respect law and order in return for the army’s support.
  • Workers’ demands A deal was reached with employers which improved some working conditions. However this was not the Soviet-style control of industry that some Germans wanted to happen.
  • German democracy Huge democratic changes were introduced under Weimar: • All Germans age 20+ – male and female – could vote • Reichstag (Parliament) was directly elected • The President was elected by the people
  • German elections German elections used proportional representation, meaning a party with 15% of the vote got 15% of the seats. This meant many small parties were elected and governments were always coalitions.
  • The Spartacist revolt In 1919, Communists tried to lead a revolution to take control of Germany. They were defeated when Ebert persuaded the army to help, employing violent ex- soldiers called the Freikorps.
  • Financial problems During the Weimar Government there were many challenges, but the mains were caused by the economy. Hyperinflation in the 1920s and the 1929 Depression brought major poverty to Germany.
  • Arguments for importance The Weimar Government was weak from the very start. It had to make secret agreements with the army and unpopular deals with employers, meaning no-one ever truly supported it.
  • Arguments for importance Weimar’s election system also undermined confidence. Proportional representation allowed extreme parties to get elected, and led to coalitions which made taking action difficult to agree.
  • Arguments against importance Between 1924-1929, the Weimar Republic was very prosperous. It was only after the 1929 Wall Street Crash – a global event – that Weimar collapsed. Hyperinflation can also be linked to the Treaty of Versailles.