Reasons for the growth of nationalism   liberals
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Reasons for the growth of nationalism liberals

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  • 1. Liberal ideas It was not simply nationalism that was prominent in the 1800s; Liberalism was important too. Liberalism was the idea that ordinary people deserved more of a say in their lives, not just to be dominated by a monarch.
  • 2. Arguments for Rulers and monarchs were unlikely to give up power. Many Liberals became nationalists to change how Germany was run. Liberals were inspired by the French Revolution, linking these two factors.
  • 3. Role of students Liberal ideas were prominent amongst university students. Student societies supporting liberalism (Burschenschaften) were set up. An influential group called ‘Young Germany’ started up in the 1830s.
  • 4. 1848 Revolutions In 1848 a series of (often violent) protests were held, demanding political reforms. All German states were then invited to attend a meeting in Frankfurt in March 1848.
  • 5. Frankfurt Parliament The Parliament agreed a plan to create a united Germany. However there was no clear agreement on what this should look like, and King Frederick William IV of Prussia withdrew his support.
  • 6. Arguments against Until 1850, political and philosophical ideas were still largely discussed amongst the middle and upper classes The working class wanted social reform; the middle class wanted political reform.
  • 7. Arguments against Many richer Germans (such as Prussian Junkers) were opposed to Liberalism, fearing it would cost them power. Liberal advances were often reversed, such as press freedom in Prussia.