Extent of support for German nationalism collapse of 1840s revolution

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Extent of support for German nationalism collapse of 1840s revolution

  1. 1. Start of 1848 At the start of 1848 it looked like a united Germany might be achieved. People from all groups in all states were taking action – and worrying their leaders. So why did it ultimately fail?
  2. 2. Different aims Although many people took part in protests, they did not all have the same priorities. The middle classes wanted political changes; the peasants demanded social reforms.
  3. 3. Aims disagreement Even amongst groups who agreed on the need for political change there was disagreement e.g. should a united Germany include Austria or not?
  4. 4. Power of leaders All the German states had control of their armies. This allowed them to control the people. The leaders of each state did not see any advantage for them in a united Germany – there could only be one leader.
  5. 5. Influence of Prussia The Frankfurt Parliament needed the support of Prussia – it had no army of its own. Frederick William supported them for a period but then changed his mind.

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