Events causing mistrust (WW2 and before)
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Events causing mistrust (WW2 and before)

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Events causing mistrust (WW2 and before) Events causing mistrust (WW2 and before) Presentation Transcript

  • LEARNING INTENTIONS • Explain why these issues helped cause the Cold War: • Russian Revolution • World War Two
  • Ideology and nuclear weapons were not the only issues which caused the Cold War; there were other issues which did this too, over decades.
  • Russian Revolution In 1917, Russia had two revolutions. These saw the Tsar (King) removed from power, replaced by the communist Bolshevik Party.
  • After this revolution, Russia pulled out of World War One, angering the USA and UK. Many people in Russia were unhappy with the revolution and this lead to a civil war.
  • The Civil War was fought between the Reds (Communists) and Whites. The USA supported the Whites, but the Reds won. After the civil war, Russia joined with other Communist supporting countries to form the Soviet Union.
  • World War Two The Soviet Union was angry with the UK and USA Before the Second World War started. They were worried by Hitler and wanted someone to stop him. But the USA and UK did not act.
  • The Soviet Union, UK and USA were allies. However the Soviets were angry at their allies’ failure to invade Europe. This meant most fighting was between Germany and Russia. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin thought this was deliberate.
  • Yalta and Potsdam After the 1944 D-Day invasions, it became clear that the Allies were likely to win WW2. Wartime conferences took place in Yalta (Ukraine) and Potsdam (Germany) with the ‘Big Three’.
  • This lead to arguments as the USA wanted free elections in Europe but the Soviets wanted to control large parts. One likely place of conflict was Poland, where each side had different views what should happen.
  • The Yalta Conference reached many agreements about what to do in Europe, including: • Setting up the United Nations • Dividing Germany and Berlin • Free elections in Europe • USSR control of parts of Poland • USSR join war against Japan