5 the police


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5 the police

  1. 1. TACKLING CRIME As we have seen there are many different types of crime and crime affects many different groups. But who tackles crime? THE POLICE The main role of the police in Scotland is to protect the public, keep law and order, prevent crime and detect criminals. To do this there are many different ‘types’ of police each with different ‘roles’; some which focus on very specific areas. Try to name as many different ‘types’ of police as you can You will have the opportunity to ask the Campus Police Officer some questions about the role of the police. Try to think of at least 2 questions which you could ask i.e. the role or the police, police equipment, crime etc.
  2. 2. POLICE DEPARTMENTS We know there are lots of different types of crime. As such there is not only one type of police officer; there are many police departments, each of which has a specific role in tackling crime. If you go to Glasgow to go to a concert the chances are you might see many of these different types of police. You may walk past the Community Police, drive past the Traffic Police, see the Police Helicopter over the concert venue and have to avoid the Mounted Police (on horses). And these are only some of the different departments. Some different sections of the Police are described below. How many of them have you ever seen or had contact with? Community Police Local police that work in work specific area Dog Branch Use dogs to search for drugs, bombs, etc. Air Support Unit Helicopter which helps police from the air C.I.D. Investigate specific crimes such as murder or theft Forensics Look for clues at crime scenes e.g. fingerprints Traffic Police Responsible for keeping roads safe and well run Water Search Unit Search for anything found in water e.g. a body Crime and the Police 2
  3. 3. THE ROLE OF THE POLICE On April 1st 2013 Scotland’s eight police forces joined into a single police force i.e. from Strathclyde Police to Police Scotland. The main role as we have seen is to tackle crime effectively. In order to tackle crime, the police have a number of powers: Crime and the Police 3
  4. 4. However! The Role of The police Police duties include the power to detain or arrest and charge anyone who breaks the law In order to maintain law and Patrol order, as well as protect the public and property the police patrol local areas Give evidence Part of the duties of the police is to gather evidence of crime and wrongdoing. Respond to Police are trained to deal with a emergencies wide range of situations and have a duty to respond. Arrest For example the police can arrest someone for assault For example the police can patrol on foot or in police cars; called mobile patrol For example the police have to present evidence in court and are seen as reliable witnesses. For example the police have to respond to road accidents, fights and robberies. ACTIVITIES 1. Take the heading ‘The Role of the Police’ 2. Describe, in detail, two roles of the police. Crime and the Police 4
  5. 5. STRATEGIES TO REDUCE CRIME ALCOHOL Identifying the role of alcohol is difficult in crime, however it is estimated 78% of assaults and 88% of criminal damage is caused while the offender is under the influence of alcohol. Some Current Laws on Alcohol Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act, 1997  Police can confiscate alcohol from underage drinkers Licensing (Scotland) Act from 2009  No proof of age = no sale  Must not serve drunk people     NEW Laws on Alcohol Shops must have all alcohol displays in one place – not scattered around the shop Shops must have signs stating proof of age is required to buy alcohol Ban on 2-for-1 or multi-buy deals i.e. 3 bottles of wine for £10 Tougher ‘proof of age’ rules in supermarkets (Challenge 25) Suggested Changes to reduce alcohol abuse  The Scottish government has confirmed that it wants to set a minimum price for alcohol (50p) per unit. This will make alcohol more expensive, encouraging people to drink less.  Raising the minimum age to buy alcohol from 18 to 21. Crime and the Police 5
  6. 6. Should the legal age for buying alcohol be raised to 21? For It would help to reduce anti-social behaviour by making it more difficult for younger teenagers to buy alcohol It would help to reduce alcoholism and other effects of alcohol in young people. Health issues include liver problems. It would help to reduce the number of crimes fuelled by alcohol (most crimes are committed by people aged 16-18) Against It will increase illegal drinking. Underage drinkers will move to street corners / parks / house parties Current level of underage drinking are increasing, this would just create a bigger problem as there would be more people legally underage to drink Shows a lack of trust in young people. At 16 they are old enough to get married but at 18 they would not be considered legally mature enough to drink alcohol It would reduce the number of road European countries with LOWER drink traffic accidents due to alcohol, as ages have less of a problem. Some young drivers aged 17-20 are the argue that lowering the age and most likely to drink drive allowing social drinking like in Europe may be a solution ACTIVITIES 1. Write the heading ‘Strategies to Reduce Crime - Alcohol’ 2. Explain, in detail, why some people think the age to buy alcohol should be raised to 21. Remember to use PEET (this is because…) 3. CLASS DEBATE: should alcohol only be sold to people age 21+? Crime and the Police 6