Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
2. reasons the cold war ended
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

2. reasons the cold war ended

5,168

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,168
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe the main factors which led to the end of the Cold War • Explain which factor you feel is most important and why
  • 2. The collapse of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War are huge events in history. However what caused the downfall of such a powerful empire?
  • 3. Historians who discuss the end of the Cold War tend to focus on three main themes: • Events inside the Soviet Union • Events outside the Soviet Union • Key people
  • 4. Many people argue that events within the Soviet Union were ultimately what caused it to collapse. This includes issues relating to politics, people and money.
  • 5. The 1980s saw huge political change in the Soviet Union. New leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s decision to introduce reforms began to undermine the way that the USSR had previously been run.
  • 6. These changes included a greater openness and also a decision not to use military force on other Soviet countries. All of this inspired people in the USSR to seek greater control. They were also tired of living poor lives.
  • 7. Money may have played an important role too. The USSR had committed too many resources to the military and other countries such as Afghanistan. Essentially they could not afford to continue.
  • 8. Many people credit issues outside the Soviet Union, including the USA’s actions. Also, the revolutions led by people in the Eastern Bloc had a big influence too.
  • 9. During the 1980s, the USA built a range of new weapons, which the USSR could not afford to match. US President Ronald Reagan also made it clear that he aimed to end the ‘evil empire’.
  • 10. There is also a belief that people within the USSR grew tired of the lives they led. As more and more people protested and demanded change, it became hard to stop this. Some people say TV did it!
  • 11. Public figures such as politicians were certainly important during the Cold War? However did they help end it?
  • 12. One of the most obvious people to link with the end was Mikhail Gorbachev. As USSR leader he introduced many reforms which significantly changed it.
  • 13. A greater openness, more democracy, changing the economy; all of these massively changed the Soviet Union. Others however argue that he did not choose to do these but was forced by events elsewhere.
  • 14. US President Ronald Reagan is sometimes given credit too. Reagan was very antiCommunist. He gave support to Afghanistan and had an influence in Poland too. These issues hurt the USSR.
  • 15. However many argue that Reagan might have actually delayed the Cold War’s end. By being so aggressive he forced the USSR to carry on. He also supported many undemocratic regimes.
  • 16. UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was a big supporter and friend of Ronald Reagan. She had good relations with Gorbachev. Thatcher also helped by allowing the USA to base nuclear missiles in the UK.
  • 17. However Thatcher’s influence is largely limited. Her main power came from her friendship with Ronald Reagan, suggesting he has a major role.
  • 18. Another key person might have been Pope John Paul II. John Paul II, from Poland, gave many speeches which hugely influenced mostly Catholic Poland. He was very helpful to Solidarity.
  • 19. The Pope’s role in Poland was very important in changing the country. This had a knock-on effect elsewhere. However his influence is limited in other countries, reducing his overall role.

×